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DISEASES OF THE RESPIRATORY SYSTEM PowerPoint Presentation
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DISEASES OF THE RESPIRATORY SYSTEM

DISEASES OF THE RESPIRATORY SYSTEM

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DISEASES OF THE RESPIRATORY SYSTEM

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  1. DISEASES OF THE RESPIRATORY SYSTEM CHAPTER 21

  2. Anatomy Review • Upper Respiratory Tract (URT) • Lower Respiratory Tract (LRT)

  3. Anatomy Review • Ears

  4. URT Bacterial Diseases • Streptococcal Pharyngitis - strep throat Streptococcus pyogenes

  5. URT Bacterial Diseases • Laryngitis/Epiglottitis • Haemophilus influenzae • Steptococcus pneumoniae • Sinusitis • above + Moraxella catarhallis and Staphyloccus aureus Rapid strep test

  6. URT Bacterial Diseases (cont.) • Bronchitis • Diphtheria pseudomembrane

  7. Bacterial Ear Infections Pseudomonads

  8. URT Viral Diseases • Common Cold rhinovirus, a type of picornavirus • Parainfluenza (Croup) -Second major cause in juvenile respiratory LRT disease

  9. LRT Bacterial Diseases • Whooping Cough Bordatella pertussis

  10. Bacterial Pneumonia • Classic • Streptococcus pneumoniae • Klebsiella pneumoniae • Mycoplasma Walking pneumonia

  11. Legionnaire’s Disease • Legionella pneumophila

  12. Tuberculosis • Mycobacterium tuberculosis

  13. Influenza LRT Viral Diseases — Influenza

  14. Influenzavirus Structrue

  15. Coronavirus positive-strand, enveloped RNA viruses that are important pathogens of mammals and birds SARS severe acute respiratory syndrome

  16. RSV- Human respiratory syncytial virus common in infants, particularly preemies Paramyxoviridae (RNA) by 2-3 almost all have had it. Hantavirus -Bunyaviridae (-ssRNA) inhaled rodent feces. Hemorragic LRT Viral Diseases