Citations How to cite sources properly & effectively
Cite (v.)- • Citing is a ‘fancy’ word that simply means to give specific text references using quotation marks—copying from the text verbatim. • The purpose for citing is to provide EXAMPLES, SUPPORTING DETAILS, EVIDENCE, & PROOF. • You need to sound like an authority—meaning your opinion/argument is right and you know what you’re talking about.
Common ways the word ‘cite’ is used. • “The article citesseveral experts on the subject.” • “He citedevidence suggesting that the woman was nearby when the crime was committed.” • “Mr. Abatemarco asked us to cite specific examples from the text.”
When should I use a citation? • Whenever you take a direct quote from a piece of writing. • Whenever you provide a summary of a text using detailed and specific evidence from the text. This is called paraphrasing.
How do I properly cite? • Unless you are paraphrasing, you ALWAYS use quotation marks. “……………………..” • After your quotation (your citation), you should provide the page # that the quote was taken from inside parenthesis. Ex. (52). • The period always goes after the parenthesis.
CITING rules (cont.) • If there aren’t page numbers provided, DON’T WORRY, you still obviously use direct quotes/citations. However, please provide paragraph number. • EXAMPLE: “………………” (par. 7). • AFTER ANY QUOTATION/CITATION MAKE SURE YOU REFLECT ON THAT SPECIFIC QUOTE EXPLAINING WHY IT’S RELEVANT AND IMPORTANT. (This proves…/This shows…This illustrates…/This is a clear example…) • You can begin a quote or a citation in the middle of a sentence by using an ellipsis(…) • You can also cut your quote or citation short by using an ellipsis mid sentence (…)
DO NOW: • Read the you-solve-it mystery, “The Broken Case” independently. • Decide who you think committed the crime. • Your response should include all of the following: • Who stole the item? • Why do you think this? • What specific text evidence is there that supports your decision?=CITATIONS
Possible Suspects: • Howie Turner– he’s in the store on a regular basis, “once a week” and he’s most interested in “Civil War memorabilia”. Coincidentally, the cabinet that is unlocked is that same exact one. • Stranger/Businessman—he’s never been there before, and is very unfamiliar. The “guy argued, said he’d be late for an important meeting.” He seems very aggravated. He was also “pacing” and “never sat down.” This shows that perhaps he’s anxious and nervous. He also said he’s a businessman “in town to see a client” and he “argued that he’s late for an important meeting”, yet “he’s not wearing a watch.”
Melvin McClue—he’s a “neighbor” who obviously lives close by and is familiar with the store. He is on “welfare” and according to his wife, “finances are pretty thin.” It is rather odd that a man who doesn’t have much money and receives welfare would be in an expensive antique shop. It is even more suspicious because he has “never been in here before.” I find it interesting that the one day he goes into the store, a cabinet is unlocked and there might be a theft.