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History of Floral Design

History of Floral Design

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History of Floral Design

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  1. History of Floral Design European Periods

  2. European Periods • Middle Ages • Renaissance • Baroque and Dutch-Flemish period • French Period • English-Georgian Period • Victorian era

  3. European Periods • Describe uses of flowers during the Middle Ages • Describe the floral designs during the Renaissance • Recognize characteristics of floral designs in the Baroque period • Identify Flemish floral design • Recall the significant design in the English-Georgian Period • Describe the feelings of floral design in the Victorian era

  4. Middle Ages

  5. Middle Ages • About 476-1450 A.D. • Little is known • We do know: • Flowers were grown and cultivated • Used to freshen the air

  6. Renaissance

  7. Renaissance • Beginning in the 14th Century • Art represented religious history

  8. Design Styles • All blossoms were visible • Massive metal urns were used in arrangements

  9. Emphasis on Symbolism • White lily – chastity and fertility • Roses – sacred or profane love

  10. Baroque and Dutch-Flemish period

  11. Baroque period • Common people could afford flowers • Designs became more creative and expressive • Curved lines rather than straight • Massed and overflowing

  12. Hogarth Curve • Hogarth Curve • William Hogarth • Asymmetrical • ‘S’ shaped

  13. Dutch Flemish Style • Varity of flowers in one arrangement • Curing lines

  14. French Period

  15. French Period • 17th and 18th Century • “Grand Era” • Emphasized classic design, refinement, and elegance

  16. French Period • Fan shaped and massive

  17. Vases • Highly decorative • Made of Porcelain

  18. English-Georgian Period

  19. English-Georgian Period • Named for the English King, George I,II,III • 18th Century • English created the nosegay to safeguard from illness • Small handheld bouquet • Vases were made to hold these flowers

  20. Victorian era

  21. Victorian era • Named for Queen Victoria • 1837-1901 A.D. • 1st to establish rules on flower arranging • Schools of floral design emerged • Required by “cultured girls”

  22. Flowers • Made artificial flowers • Nosegay became highly popular • Flower holder invented • Ornate • Jeweled

  23. Summary • Middle Ages • fragrance • Renaissance • Emphasis on Symbolism • Baroque and Dutch-Flemish period • Hogarth Curve • Varity of flowers

  24. French Period • Grand Era • English-Georgian Period • nosegay • Victorian era • rules on flower arranging