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Nazi Germany

Nazi Germany

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Nazi Germany

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  1. Nazi Germany 1933-39

  2. The SA • Stormabteik Storm Troops, “Brownshirts” • Protect Nazi meetings • Harass rival organization

  3. The SA • Led by Ernst Roehm • Hitler made it the national, political police force • Roehm wanted it to be incorporated into the Wehrmacht (regular army)

  4. The SS • Schutzstaffel Defense Echelon, “Blackshirts” • Originally Hitler’s personal guard • Loyal only to Hitler

  5. The SS • Led by Heinrich Himmler • Administered political prisons and eventually the entire Holocaust

  6. Dachau • The first concentration camp was opened March 22, 1933 in Dachau, Germany (outside Berlin) • Originally built to house political prisoners

  7. March 1933 • Passed the Enabling Act • Suspended the constitution • All political parties except NSDAP outlawed • Local legislatures deprived of autonomy

  8. Organized Boycott • Nazis organized boycott of Jewish businesses, continued through the 1930s

  9. April 1933 • The Law for the Restoration of the Professional Civil Service • Ousted all Jews and most anti-Nazi bureaucrats • Including teachers and university professors

  10. May 1933 Nazis hold large rallies to burn books written by Jews, intellectuals and political opponents

  11. Workers in Nazi Germany • May 1—celebrates Labor Day celebrating the worker • May 2 – dissolves all unions and leaders sent to concentration camps • Strikes declared illegal

  12. Workers in Nazi Germany • Labor Front led by Robert Ley • Suppressed workers’ rights • No collective bargaining • No leaving job w/o permission • No complaining • Strength through Joy program, vacations, cars