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The Jeffersonian Era

The Jeffersonian Era. Main Idea: During the presidencies of Thomas Jefferson , James Madison, and James Monroe, the country grew in both size and prestige Why it matters now: Todays Democratic Party traces its roots to Jefferson and the Democratic-Republicans. Terms and Names.

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The Jeffersonian Era

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  1. The Jeffersonian Era • Main Idea: During the presidencies of Thomas Jefferson , James Madison, and James Monroe, the country grew in both size and prestige • Why it matters now: Todays Democratic Party traces its roots to Jefferson and the Democratic-Republicans

  2. Terms and Names • Democratic Republicans • Jeffersonian republicanism • Marbury vs. Madison • John Marshall • Judicial review • Louisiana Purchase • Impressment • James Monroe • Monroe Doctrine

  3. Jefferson’s Presidency • Election of 1800 • Thomas Jefferson vs. President John Adams • Both parties accused each other of all kinds of things • Adams party the Federalists said Jefferson supported France and was an atheist • Jefferson’s Party said he was a puppet for the rich and wanted to turn the country back to English ways

  4. The Louisiana Purchase • In 1800, Napoleon Bonaparte of France had persuaded Spain to return to France the Louisiana Territory. • The Territory spread from the Mississippi river west to the Rocky Mountains. • In 1803, Napoleon offered to sell the territory to the United States. • Jefferson bought the Territory for 15 million dollars • The purchase more than doubled the size of the United States.

  5. Madison and the War of 1812 • Tensions were mounting during Jefferson’s second term as president. • Renewed fighting between the British and French was threatening American Shipping • This problem continued into James Madison’s presidency in 1808 • By 1812 war breaks out with England

  6. What were the causes of the war? • Americans were worried about both French and English however they focused their attention on the British • Main reason was impressment • Americans also became angry because English Canadians were arming the Native Americans to fight the American settlers

  7. The Course of War The spring of 1812 Madison gets congress to approve the war against England Republican funding cuts left the military and its volunteers ill-prepared for war. August 1814, the British sack Washington D.C. The British burned the presidential capital, the presidential Mansion, and other public buildings

  8. The Course of the War • The most impressive American Victory was the battle of New Orleans. (Jan, 8, 1815) • American troops were led by Andrew Jackson. • Ironically a peace treaty was already signed before Jackson got word. • The Treaty of Ghent was signed on Christmas Eve, 1814

  9. The Consequences of the War • The War had three important consequences • 1. led to the end of the Federalist party • 2. encouraged the growth of American industries to manufacture products no longer available from Britain because of the war. • 3. It confirmed the status of the United States as a free and Independent nation.

  10. The Age of Jackson • Main Idea: During a time of growing sectionalism, Andrew Jackson’s election in 1828 ushered in a new era of popular democracy

  11. Early Industry in the United States • The Industrial revolution first began in England and gradually made its way to the United States. • First took off in New England because it was more into textiles and technology • Eventually agriculture and manufacturing would take care of eachother

  12. The South Remains Agricultural • South stayed agricultural • Invention of cotton gin allowed for southern farmers to make more of a profit • Need for more slaves increased from 1790-1820 over 1.5 Million slaves

  13. Balancing Nationalism and Sectionalism • In 1815 Madison presented a plan to move the United states away from depending on England and other European powers • It included three major points • -establishing a protective tariff • Rechartering the national bank • Sponsoring the development of transportation systems and other internal improvements in order to make travel throughout the nation easier

  14. The Missouri Compromise • 1818 settlers in Missouri asked for admission to the Union • Northerners and Southerners disagreed whether it was going to be a slave state or not • Henry Clay came up with the Missouri Compromise

  15. Details of the Missouri Compromise • Maine is admitted a free state • Missouri is admitted as a slave state • The rest of the Louisiana territory is split in two. • One part free and the other part slave

  16. Jacksonian Democracy • Spoils system • -Jackson gave away huge numbers of jobs to friends and also to political allies

  17. The Indian Removal Act • 1830 was put into place by Jackson and Congress • Government created peace treaties that forced the Native Americans to move west • 1832 Cherokee’s fought this in court and won(Worester vs. Georgia ) • President Jackson paid no attention to this

  18. The Trail of Tears • Cherokee were rounded up and drove into camps to await the journey west. • 1838, Cherokee were sent off in groups of about 1,000 each on an 800 mile long journey on foot. • More than a quarter of all the Cherokee died on the Trail of Tears • http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=I3gNzfMobNI

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