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Alcohol and Drugs

Alcohol and Drugs

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Alcohol and Drugs

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Presentation Transcript

  1. Alcohol and Drugs

  2. What is Alcohol? • A depressant • Liquid obtained by fermentation of carbohydrates by yeast or by distillation. • Many varieties of alcohol, but Ethanol is the type used to make alcoholic beverages. • Alcoholic beverages include beer, distilled spirits (hard liquor), wine, liqueurs, and champagnes.

  3. Minnesota Alcohol Legalities • Legal age to consume or possess alcoholic beverages is 21 years of age. • Underage Consumption fines start at $177. • DUI BAC (blood alcohol content) is .04 and DWI BAC is .08.

  4. DrivingSkillsAffected LegallyIntoxicated

  5. Driving SkillsAffected LegallyIntoxicated

  6. Alcohol and Campus • Alcohol is prohibited on Minnesota State University-Mankato except for approved events • Underage Consumption results in a citation and on campus adjudication. • Individuals who are under the influence of alcohol and pose a safety risk to themselves or others will be admitted to a detoxification facility located off campus. These individuals can be held for up to 72 hours • Underage possession of alcohol results in a citation and on campus adjudication. The alcohol is also disposed.

  7. Signs of Alcohol Use • Slurred speech • Dilated blood vessels (blood shot eyes) • Impaired coordination, motor skills, and judgment. • Alcohol odor on breath or person • Blackout/pass out • Impaired memory • Decreased heart rate/blood pressure

  8. Risks of Excessive Use of Alcohol • More prone to being a victim of another crime such as sexual assault, robbery, etc. • Legal, financial, and social problems • Serious health complications • Alcoholism • Alcohol poisoning • Death

  9. Drinking Responsibly • Consume at legal age • Don’t drink and drive. Designate a sober driver • Only accept drinks from someone you know or from the bartender • Never leave your drink unattended • Drink water in intervals to prevent dehydration and monitor your consumption

  10. Interesting Alcohol Facts • Most commonly abused substance in the world • Approximately 14 million Americans meet diagnostic criteria for alcohol abuse or alcoholism • Moderate use for men is two drinks per day and for women it is one drink • A drink is considered as a 12 oz. beer or wine cooler, 1.5 oz of 80 proof distilled spirits, or a 5 oz. glass of wine • Dieting? Alcohol has 100-150 calories per glass • Alcohol may cause wrinkles as it robs your skin of fluids • Alcohol can cause acne as it may increase your skin’s production of fat and oil • Too much alcohol can cause impotence or sterility

  11. Drug Categories • Stimulants (meth, cocaine, crack, ecstasy) • Depressants (alcohol, GHB) • Inhalants (paint thinners, spray paint, glue) • Narcotics (heroin, opium, oxycodone) • Hallucinogens (LSD, PCP, ketamine, mushrooms, mescaline, salvia) • Others (marijuana)

  12. Club Drugs • MDMA (Ecstasy, Hug Drug, Lover’s Speed, Scooby Snacks, “X”) • GHB (“G”, Liquid E, Fantasy) • LSD (Acid, Boomers, Hits, Dots), • PCP (Wet Sticks, Angel Dust, Hog, Peace), • Rohypnol (Roofies), • Ketamine (Special K, Purple)

  13. MDMA • Hallucinogenic and stimulant qualities • Reduces inhibitions and anxiety, creates empathy for others, and suppresses need to eat, drink, and sleep • Risks of dehydration and brain damage • Popular at raves and dance clubs • In 2005, DEA seized 624 Ecstasy tablets

  14. Methamphetamine • Can be smoked, snorted, injected, or taken orally. • Causes rapid and irregular heart rate, psychotic symptoms, convulsions, skin abscesses, tooth decay… • In 2005, the DEA seized 24.6 kgs and 96 labs. Meth is shipped in from California but labs in MN are on the rise.

  15. What Meth Looks Like

  16. What is Meth Made Of? • Ephedrine or pseudoephedrine (cold and/or asthma medicine) • Other products such as: drain cleaner, battery acid, antifreeze, brake cleaner fluid, engine starter fluid, kerosene, Anhydrous Ammonia (farm fertilizer), paint thinner, acetone, lye, etc…

  17. Meth Lab Dangers • Estimated that every pound of meth produced leaves 5-7 pounds of toxic waste • Chemicals from dumpsites contaminate water supplies, kill livestock, and render areas uninhabitable • Meth lab fires or explosions have destroyed buildings and homes, injuring occupants and endangering neighboring residents and buildings • Exposure may cause long and short-term health problems

  18. Signs of Chemical Exposure • Acute Exposure: shortness of breath, chest pain, cough, dizziness, burns to skin, eyes, nose, and mouth, and possibly death • Less Severe Exposures: headache, nausea, dizziness, and fatigue • Long Term: Liver and kidney damage, neurological problems, and increased risk of cancer

  19. LSD • Most potent hallucinogen • Effects are unpredictable-depend on user’s mood, personality, expectations, and surroundings

  20. Marijuana • Also known as: 420, bud, weed, reefer, ganja, grass, pot, mary jane, catnip, whackatabacky • Usually smoked (joints, blunts, bongs, blunts) but can be mixed with foods or beverages. • Effects felt within minutes and lasts 3 to 4 hours • In 2008 DEA seized 37.1 kgs. in MN. Majority of it is trafficked from Mexico.

  21. Marijuana

  22. Signs You Have Been Drugged • Feeling more intoxicated than your usual response to the amount of alcohol consumed • Remembering taking a drink, but unable to recall what happened after • Feeling as though someone had sex with you, being unable to remember any or all of the incident

  23. If You Suspect You Are A Victim of a Predatory Drug Crime • Find a safe environment and get help • Call the police and file a report • Do not shower, bathe, or urinate. Do not throw away clothing. • Seek medical attention as soon as possible for an examination and evidence collection. • Ask for a urine sample • Ask for a rape kit exam • Be truthful about any drug/alcohol use

  24. Reducing the Risk of Being A Victim • Don’t leave beverages unattended • Don’t accept a drink from an open container • Go with friends and stay together • Be aware of your surroundings • Don’t become isolated with someone you don’t know or trust • Educate yourself about drugs

  25. Drug Legislation • In 1996, Congress passed the Drug-Induced Rape Prevention and Punishment Act • This law established federal penalties of up to 20 years imprisonment and fines for anyone convicted of committing a crime of violence, including rape, by administering a controlled substance without a victim’s knowledge or consent

  26. Legislation Continued... • Hillory J. Farias and Samantha Reid Date-Rape Drug Prohibition Act (Feb. 2000) • Named for two young women who died after unknowingly ingesting GHB that had been slipped into their soft drinks • Federal Sentencing Guidelines: 1st offense. If death or serious injury, not less than 20 years, not more than life

  27. Presentation Resources • www.dea.gov • www.erowid.org • www.kci.org • www.health.state.mn.us • www.streetdrugs.org • www.minnesotapublicradio.com