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Reformation Continues

Reformation Continues

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Reformation Continues

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  1. Reformation Continues 1. John Calvin • Law student from France • Published Institutes of the Christian Religion, 1536 • Ideas about God, salvation, & human nature • Summary of Protestant theology • Calvinism, based upon predestination • Humans are sinful by nature • God chooses a few to save – “The Elect” • God has known since beginning of time who will be saved

  2. 2. John Knox • Scottish preacher & made Calvinism Scotland’s official religion • Each church was led by a group of elders called presbyters • His followers became known as Presbyterians 3. The Anabaptist • Only baptized those who were old enough to understand the Bible & choose to be a Christian • Church & state should be separate and refused to fight in war • Persecuted by Catholics & Protestants • Influenced the… Mennonites, Amish, Quakers, & Baptist

  3. Catholic Reformation • AKA – Counter Reformation • Helping the Catholics remain loyal to the church • Ignatius of Loyola • From Loyola, Spain & wrote Spiritual Exercise, 1522 i. day-by-day plan of meditation, prayer, & study • Started the Society of Jesus, followers became known as The Jesuits • Founded schools throughout Europe • Convert non-Christians to Catholicism • Stop the spread of Protestantism

  4. 2. Pope Paul III • Had cardinals to investigate abuses by the church, indulgences • Approved Jesuit order • Called for the Council of Trent… 3.Pope Paul IV • Created the Index of Forbidden Books & then burned them