Download
pathology n.
Skip this Video
Loading SlideShow in 5 Seconds..
Pathology PowerPoint Presentation

Pathology

545 Vues Download Presentation
Télécharger la présentation

Pathology

- - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - E N D - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - -
Presentation Transcript

  1. Pathology Introduction to course Alan Stevens Jim Lowe

  2. What is Pathology? • Pathology is the study of patterns, causes, mechanisms and effects of illness (disease) • To interpret symptoms and signs it is important to know the range of abnormalities possible in an organ system • Basis of differential diagnosis

  3. Pathology clinical disciplines • Histopathology • Haematology • Clinical chemistry • Immunology • Microbiology • Genetics

  4. Pathology - diagnostic tool • Structural examination • Fluid and tissue cytology • Biopsy • Autopsy

  5. Pathology encompasses all aspects of disease • Genetic function • Physiological/biochemical function • Structural abnormalities • Cells • Tissues • Organs

  6. Aetiology • The root cause of a disease process • Genetic • Environmental agent • Immune • Infective • Neoplastic • Primary inflammatory • Vascular • Iatrogenic

  7. Pathogenesis • The molecular, physiological and cellular mechanisms that occur after the first injury and which lead to the expression of a disease • Understanding pathogenesis is important in choosing, or developing, an appropriate therapy

  8. Natural history • The course of a disease process • Untreated • Modified by therapy • Prognosis • Disability • Disease-free survival • Survival

  9. Sequelae • The clinical and pathological consequences of a disease process

  10. You will never stop studying pathology • This is a GOOD thing… • Pathology enters all disciplines of medicine • Pathology is the bedrock of good clinical medicine • General Pathology • Systems Pathology

  11. Course overview - 1 • Adaptation of cells to environmental changes • What happens to cells when they cannot adapt and how they die • Disorders due to abnormal cell growth, for example cancer • Tissue responses to injury and how tissues heal

  12. Course overview -2 • Atheroma and disease of blood vessels • Thrombosis and infarction • Tumour pathology • Classification and nomenclature • Behaviour and diagnosis • Causation and cell biology • Revision genetics

  13. Course overview -3 • Systems pathology continues through the whole of the clinical course • Pathology tutorial system with guided reading • Probably 40% of the content of all examinations in clinical course consist of pathology

  14. Textbook • Pathology • Written by Stevens & Lowe • Extremely good

  15. Other textbooks • Range of other pathology textbooks • Huge and comprehensive • Review-style • Atlas

  16. CD ROM • Pathology • Written by Stevens & Lowe • Extremely good

  17. Delivery of course • Lectures • Private study • Clinicopathological cases • Workshops

  18. Additional facilities... • CD ROM • CAL packages • Pathology museum • Autopsy room

  19. Summary... • Buy a textbook…. • Explore the museum…. • Enjoy the pathology course….