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Comparison of Adolescent Sexuality and Outcomes between the US and the Netherlands

Comparison of Adolescent Sexuality and Outcomes between the US and the Netherlands

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Comparison of Adolescent Sexuality and Outcomes between the US and the Netherlands

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  1. Comparison of Adolescent Sexuality and Outcomes between the US and the Netherlands Amy Schalet, Ph.D. University of California, San Francisco 2006 National STD Prevention Conference May 10, 2006

  2. Age of First Sex Sources: Graaf et al., 2005; United Nations, 2003

  3. Age of First Marriage Sources:Abma et al., 2004;United Nations, 2003

  4. Percentage of Women Who Have Sexual Intercourse Before Age 20 Sources: Darroch et al., 2001; Graaf et al., 2005; Mosher et al., 2005

  5. Public Health Source: Schalet, 2004

  6. Source: Schalet, 2004

  7. Source: Advocates for Youth, 2001

  8. Subjective Experience of Adolescent Sexuality Sources: Abma et al., 2004;Albert, 2004; Graaf et al., 2005

  9. Household Incomes Source: Luxembourg Income Study: Key Figures

  10. PublicManagement

  11. Contraceptive Use at First Intercourse Source: Abma et al., 2004;Graaf et al., 2005

  12. United States 65% of respondents say that sex under the age of 18 is never justified The Netherlands 25% of respondents say that sex under the age of 18 is never justified Public Opinion Source: Halman, 1991

  13. Data Collection • Interview Period: 1991-2000 • Interviewees: White, Secular and Moderately Religious Middle Class • Interview Type: Semi-structured In-depth Interviews • 72 Interviews with Boys and Girls, Ages 15-17 • 58 Parent Interviews (Mothers and Fathers) • Interview Content: Variety of Topics • Interviews: 1-2 hours, Taped, Transcribed, and Analyzed with N5

  14. Adolescent Sexuality in the United States

  15. Adolescent Sexuality in the Netherlands

  16. Sources: • Abma, J.C., G.M. Martinez, W.D. Mosher, and B.S. Dawson. "Teenagers in the United States: Sexual Activity, Contraceptive Use, and Childbearing, 2002." National Center for Health Statistics. Vital and Health Statistics 23 (24). Hyattsville, MD: Centers for Disease Control and Prevention, 2004. • Advocates for Youth. “Adolescent Sexual Health in Europe and the U.S.-Why the Difference?” 2nd Edition. Washington, DC, 2001. • Albert, Bill. "With One Voice: America's Adults and Teens Sound Off About Teen Pregnancy." Washington, DC: National Campaign to Prevent Teen Pregnancy, 2004. • Darroch, Jacqueline E., Susheela Singh, and Jennifer J. Frost. "Differences in Teenage Pregnancy Rates among Five Developed Countries: The Roles of Sexual Activity and Contraceptive Use." Family Planning Perspectives 33, no. 6 (2001): 244-50 & 81. • Graaf, Hanneke de, Suzanne Meijer, Jos Poelman, and Ine Vanwesenbeeck. "Seks Onder Je 25ste." Utrecht/Amsterdam: Rutgers Nisso Group/Soa Aids Nederland, 2005. • Halman, Lodewijk C.J.M. Waarden in De Westerse Wereld: Een Internationale Exploratie Van De Waarden in De Westerse Samenleving. Tilburg: Tilburg University Press, 1991. • Kooy, G.A. Sex in Nederland: Het Meest Recente Onderzoek Naar Houding En Gedrag Van De Nederlandse Bevolking. 1e druk ed. Utrecht: Uitgeverij Het Spectrum, 1983. • Luxemburg Income Study Key Figures (http://www.lisproject.org/keyfigures.htm) • Mosher, W.D., A. Chandra, and J. Jones. "Sexual Behavior and Selected Health Measures: Men and Women 15-44 Years of Age, United States, 2002." In Advance Data from Vital and Health Statistics; no 362. Hyattsville, MD: National Center for Health Statistics, 2005. • Schalet, Amy. "Must We Fear Adolescent Sexuality?" Medscape General Medicine 6, no. 4 (2004). • United Nations. Trends in Europe and North America: The Statistical Yearbook of the Economic Commission for Europe. New York, 2003.

  17. My contact info: Amy Schalet, PhD schaleta@obgyn.ucsf.edu