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Need for Speed: Beyond 100GbE

Need for Speed: Beyond 100GbE

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Need for Speed: Beyond 100GbE

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  1. Need for Speed: Beyond 100GbE Moderator: Scott Kipp, President of Ethernet Alliance, Principle Engineer, Brocade Panelist #1: Alan Weckel, Vice President, Dell’Oro group Panelist #2: Dr. Jeffery J. Maki, Distinguished Engineer, Juniper Panelist #3: Dr. Gordon Brebner, Distinguished Engineer, Xilinx

  2. Agenda • Introductions: Scott Kipp, Moderator • Panelist #1: Alan Weckel, • 10, 40 and 100GbE Deployments in the Data Center • Panelist #2: Dr. Jeffery J. Maki, • Stepping Stones to Terabit-Class Ethernet • Panelist #3: Dr. Gordon Brebner, • Technology Advances in 400GbE Components • Q&A • 2:40 – Live Broadcast from IEEE 802.3 Meeting in Orlando from John D’Ambrosia • Update on 400GbE Call For Interest © 2012 Ethernet Alliance

  3. Disclaimer • The views WE ARE expressing in this presentation are our own personal views and should not be considered the views or positions of the Ethernet Alliance.

  4. Bandwidth Growth Broadband 2010- 7Mbps 2015 – 28 Mbps 15B Devices In 2015 Bandwidth Explosion Everywhere Increased # of Users Increased Access Rates and Methods Increased Services + + = More Devices Key Growth Factors Speed Increasing More Internet Users More Rich Media Content 2010- 1 Minute video 2015 – 2 hour HDTV Movie 3B Users In 2015 • Source: nowell_01_0911.pdf citing Cisco Visual Networking Index (VNI) Global IP Traffic Forecast, 2010–2015,

  5. Bandwidth Growth Vs Ethernet Speeds • IP Traffic is growing ~ 30%/year • If 400GbE is released in 2016, Ethernet speeds will grow at about 26%/year Internet traffic would grow ~10X by 2019 at 30%/year Ethernet speeds to grow 4X by 2016 at 26%/year Ethernet Speed (Gb/s) Internet traffic normalized to 100 in 2010

  6. Ethernet Optical Modules CFP CFP2 300 Pin MSA XENPAK XPAK X2 CFP4 100GbE 100G 10G 1G XFP CXP QSFP28 40GbE Key: Ethernet Standard Released Module Form Factor Released 40G QSFP+ Data Rate and Line Rate (b/s) 10GbE SFP+ GBIC SFP GbE 1995 2000 2005 2010 2015 Standard Completed

  7. Ethernet Speeds 2010-2025 If Ethernet line rates doubles the line rate every 3 years at 26% CAGR, then 400GbE would come out in 2016 and TbE would come out in 2020. Something will have to change. 1.6TbE 16X100G Key: Ethernet Speeds Ethernet Electrical Interfaces Hollow Symbols = predictions Stretched Symbols = Time Tolerance TbE 10X100G 400GbE 16X25G 400GbE 8X50G 400GbE 4X100G 100GbE 4X25G 100GbE 1X100G 1T 100G 10G nX100G 8X50G 400G 100GbE 10X10G 4x25G 16x25G Data Rate and Line Rate (b/s) 40GbE 4X10G 40G 4x10G 10X10G 2010 2015 2020 2025 Standard Completed

  8. Ethernet Success • Ethernet has been extremely successful at lowering the price/bit of bandwidth • If the cost of a new speed/technology is too high, then it is not widely deployed • Technology needs to be ripe for picking • 400GbE is ripe with 100GbE technology • TbEisn’t ripe and a revolutionary breakthrough would be needed to get it before 2020 • This panel will look at how high speeds of Ethernet are being deployed and the technology that is leading to the next generation of Ethernet

  9. 10, 40 and 100GbE Deployments in the Data Center Alan Weckel Vice President, Data Center Research Dell’Oro Group

  10. Introduction Progress on server migration from 1 GbE to 10 GbE 10G Base-T update Data center networking market update 40 GbE and 100 GbE market forecasts

  11. Overview Dell’Oro Group is a market research firm that has been tracking the Ethernet Switch and Routing markets on a quarterly basis since 1996 We also track the SAN market, Optical market, and most Telecom equipment markets We produce quarterly market share reports that include port shipments as well as market forecasts

  12. Data Center Bandwidth Shipping – Ethernet Switching Petabytes per Second Shipped per Year

  13. Switch Attach Rate on Servers 1 GbE 40 GbE 10 GbE Percent of Server Shipments

  14. Data Center Port Shipments – 10 G Base-T Port Shipments 10G Base-T controller and adapter ports Port Shipments in Thousands 10G Base-T switch ports

  15. Data Center Port Shipments – Ethernet Switching Port Shipments in Millions

  16. Data Center Port Shipments – Ethernet Switching Port Shipments in Millions

  17. Summary Ethernet Switches will be responsible for the majority of 40 GbE and 100 GbE port shipments over the next five years Form-factor and cost driving 40 GbE over 100 GbE 10 GbE server access transition is key to higher speed adoption

  18. Stepping Stones to Terabit-Class Ethernet:Electrical Interface Rates andOptics Technology Reuse Jeffery J. Maki Distinguished Engineer, Optical Juniper Networks, Inc.

  19. 100G

  20. CFP, CFP2 and CFP4 forSMF or MMF Applications CFP MSA Form Factors: CFP CFP2 CFP4 CFP4(LC) CFP2(LC) CFP(LC) • Optical Connector • LC Duplex (depicted) • MPO Courtesy ofTE Connectivity

  21. Module Electrical Lane Capability CFP CFP2 CFP4 12x10Gelectrical lanes 10x10G or 8x25Gelectrical lanes 4x25Gelectrical lanes CPPI & CAUI for 10x10GCAUI-4 for 4x25G CAUI for 10x10G CAUI-4 for 4x25G

  22. Transmit side only depicted. CFP, CFP2, and CFP4 for 100G Ethernet SMF PMD • Current Options • Up to 10 km: 100GBASE-LR4 • Up to 40 km: 100GBASE-ER4 CFP LAN WDM 1295.56 nm 1300.05 nm Gear Box 1304.58 nm 1309.14 nm LAN WDM CFP2 1295.56 nm 1300.05 nm Gear Box 1304.58 nm 1309.14 nm CFP4 4 λ on LAN WDM

  23. 400G

  24. Projection of Form Factor Evolution to 400G 100G 400G CD-CFP4 speculation defensible CD-CFP2 CD-CFP CFP CFP4 CFP2 4x100Gelectrical lanes 16x25Gelectrical lanes 8x50Gelectrical lanes Roman NumeralsXL = 40 C = 100 CD = 400 CFP4 CFP4 CFP4 CFP4

  25. Likely MSA Activity • CFP MSA • CD-CFP: Current CFP needs revamping to support 16 x 25G • CD-CFP2: Current CFP2 is ready for 8 x 50G • CD-CFP4: Unclear • New CDFP MSA • High-density form factor supporting 16 x 25G • From slide 26 of

  26. 400G Optics Requirements • First-generation transceivers have to be implementable that meet and eventually do better than these requirements • Size (Width):  82 mm (CFP width, ~4 x CFP4) • Cost:  4 x CFP4 • Power:  24 W (4 x 6 W power profile of CFP4) • Improved bandwidth density transceivers will need higher rate electrical-lane technology • 50G • 100G

  27. How 400G Ethernet Can Leverage 100G Ethernet 100G Ethernet up to 10 km Duplex Single-Mode Fiber Infrastructure CFP4-LR4 CFP4-LR4 400G Ethernet up to 10 km Parallel Single-Mode Fiber Infrastructure Only 8 Fibers Used CFP4-LR4 CFP4-LR4 CFP4-LR4 CFP4-LR4 CFP4-LR4 CFP4-LR4 CFP4-LR4 CFP4-LR4

  28. Possible SMF Ethernet Road Map: 100G, 400G, 1.6T Early Adopter 400G Mature 400G Early Adopter 1.6T 4 x 100GBASE-LR4or“400GBASE-PSM4” 4 x 400GBASE-???or“1600GBASE-PSM4” 400GBASE-??? CD-CFP4(LC) CD-CFP4(LC) CD-CFP4(LC) CD-CFP4(LC) CFP4(LC) CD-CFP2(LC) CFP4(LC) CFP4(LC) CD-CFP4(LC) CFP4(LC) CD-CFP(MPO) Parallel Single Mode, 4 Lanes (PSM4) 4, Tx Fibers and 4, Rx Fibers 1x12 MPO Connector CD-CFP2(MPO) (High-Density 100GE)

  29. Early Adopter 400G using SMF Structured Cabling Parallel SMF: “400GBASE-PSM4” Technology Reuse:4 x 100GBASE-LR4 Courtesy of Commscope

  30. Early Adopter 400G using MMF Structured Cabling Courtesy of Commscope Parallel MMF: “400GBASE-SR16” Technology Reuse:4 x 100GBASE-SR4 • Parallel Multi-Mode • 100GBASE-SR4, 4 x 25G optical lanes: 4, Tx Fibers and 4, Rx Fibers using1x12 MPO • “400GBASE-SR16”, 16 x 25G optical lanes:16, TX Fibers and 16, Rx Fibers using 2x16 MPO

  31. MMF Breakout Cables—Enabling 400G Adoption 2 x 16 MPO 2 x 16 MMF MT ferrule 1 x 12 (8 used) MPO 1 x 12 (8 used) MPO 1 x 12 (8 used) MPO Courtesy of USConec 1 x 12 (8 used) MPO

  32. 100G Can Build 400G atthe Cost of 4 x 100G Parallel SMF: “400GBASE-PSM4” Technology Reuse:4 x 100GBASE-LR4 Technology Reuse:4 x 100GBASE-SR4 Parallel MMF: “400GBASE-SR16”

  33. Ethernet PMD Maturity & Possible Obsolescence • Early Adopter PMD • Parallel Fiber, SMF or MMF • Leverage of mature PMD from previous speed of Ethernet • Planned obsolescence • Implementation (with MPO connector) persists as high-density support of previous speed of Ethernet (e.g., 4 x 100G) • Mature PMD • SMF: Duplex SMF cabling (e.g., with LC duplex connector) • MMF: Lower fiber count MMF cabling

  34. SMF Density Road Map 4 x 16 CD-CFP4(LC) CD-CFP4(LC) (mature) (earlyadopter) Front-PanelBandwidth Density(Relative) 8 CD-CFP2(MPO) CD-CFP2(LC) CD-CFP2(MPO) (mature) (early adopter) (mature) 4 CFP4(LC) 4 x CFP4(LC) or CD-CFP(MPO) (early adopter) 2 CFP2(LC) 1 CFP(LC) 100G 400G 1.6T Port Bandwidth

  35. Summary • Form-factor road map for bandwidth evolution • Early adopter 400G Ethernet by reusing 100G module and parallel cabling, SMF or MMF • Need for a new, 2 x 16 MMF MT ferrule • Possible common module for 400G Ethernet and high-density (4-port) 100G Ethernet • Need for new electrical interface definitions supporting lane rates at • 50G • 100G

  36. Technology Advances in 400GbE Components Gordon Brebner Distinguished Engineer Xilinx, Inc.

  37. 400GbE PCS/MAC • Expect first: 16 PCS lanes, each at 25.78125 Gbps • Glueless interface to optics • Possible re-use of the 802.3ba PCS • Other options possible for PCS, maybe native FEC • Later: 8 lanes, each at 51.56Gbps • Or 4 lanes with 2 bits/symbol at 56Gbaud (e.g. PAM4) • Packet size 64 bytes to 9600 bytes • Use 100GbE building blocks where possible

  38. Silicon technology • Technology nodes (silicon feature size) • 130nm, 65nm, 40nm, 28/32nm, 20/22nm, 14/16nm • Application-Specific Integrated Circuit (ASIC) • Fixed chip • Increasingly expensive: need high volumes • Best suited to post-standardization Ethernet • Field Programmable Gate Array (FPGA) • Programmable logic chip • Suitable for prototyping and medium volumes • Best choice for pre-standardization Ethernet

  39. 400GbE line/system bridge Wide parallel data path between blocks CDFP or 4xCFP4 Optical 400GbE PMA/PCS Bridge logic 500G Interlaken 400GbE MAC 40 x 12.5G or 48 x 10G SERDES 16 x 25G SERDES ASIC or FPGA chip Line side System side

  40. MAC rate = Width x Clock

  41. Multiple Packets/Word • Up to 512-bit, only one packet completed • Just need to deal with EOP then SOP in word • Beyond 512-bit, multiple packets completed • Need to add parallel packet processing • Must deal with varying EOP and SOP positions

  42. 400GbE CRC Example • All Ethernet packets carry Cyclic Redundancy Code (CRC) for error detection • Computed using CRC-32 polynomial • Critical function within Ethernet MAC • Requirements • Computed at line rate • Deal with multiple packets in wide data path • Economical with silicon resources

  43. 400GbE CRC Prototype • Xilinx Labs research project • Modular: built out of 512-bit 100G units • Computes multiple CRCs per data path word • Targeting 28nm FPGA (Xilinx Virtex-7 FPGAs) 512-bit unit CRC results combined to get final CRC results N-bit data path partitioned into 512-bit sections

  44. 400GbE CRC Prototype • Results: • 1024-bit width is feasible for 400GbE • Other widths: • Less challenging clock frequencies • Demonstrate scalability beyond 400GbE

  45. Conclusions • Can anticipate 400GbE PCS/MAC standard • Ever-increasing rates mean ever-wider internal data path width in electronics • Leading to multiple packets per data word • Possible to prototype pre-standard PCS/MAC using today’s FPGA technology • Demonstrated modular Ethernet CRC block based on 100GbE units • Silicon resource scales linearly with line rate