American Revolution Anthony Latini III CMP-555
The Effects of the War • Since Britain had sent its army to help the British colonists fight the French, King George III and Parliament decided that the colonists would have to pay for part of the cost of the war. • They would also have to pay for the cost of keeping British soldiers in North America. King George III
Colonial Upset • Colonists agreed to pay for part of the war, but many were very angry about it. • King George III and Parliament did several things that angered the colonists. • Ordered colonists not to settle in land won from France. • Colonists could continue to make their own laws, however, British governors could change laws they did not like.
Taxes, Taxes, Taxes • In order to pay for the French and Indian war, the British Parliament passed a law known as the Sugar Act. • Sugar Act stated that colonists must pay a tariff, or a tax on goods coming into colonies from other countries.
Taxes, Taxes, Taxes • The Stamp Act was yet another tax law imposed on the colonists. • The Stamp Act was a tax law that said almost everything written or printed on paper in the colonies had to have a special stamp on it to show that a tax had been paid. • The money collected from the tax was sent to the British government.
The People Protest • Colonists wrote petitions, or requests for action signed by many people, asking King George III to change the Stamp Act. • The Sons of Liberty and Daughters of Liberty were groups formed by colonists to talk and act against the new taxes. • People boycotted, or refused to buy, British goods. • Some Sons of Liberty attacked homes of tax collectors and royal officials living in the colonies.
Benjamin Franklin • Benjamin Franklin was sent to Britain to talk to Parliament about the new tax laws. • He helped Philadelphia become one of the best-planned cities in North America. • Organized the volunteer fire department, started Philadelphia’s first hospital, and directed street lighting and paving projects. • Warned the British lawmakers that the colonists would fight if Parliament sent the British army to make them pay new taxes.
After Franklin’s Visit • The Stamp Act was no longer a law in 1767. • Parliament added a new tax law called the Townshend Act. This required Americans to pay taxes on imports of lead, paint, paper and tea. • British soldiers were now in the 13 colonies. • The colonists were angry and they felt that the soldiers were like a police force that the colonists did not need.
The Boston Massacre • The colonists grew angrier and angrier about the British soldiers presence. • On March 5, 1770, an unruly American mob attacked some British soldiers. • The soldiers fired on the crowd and killed 4 Boston citizens • On this day, Parliament repealed all of the Townshend taxes except for the tax on tea.
The Boson Tea Party • In 1773 Parliament passed a law that allowed a British company to sell tea in other countries for a very low price. • People in every colony soon decided to boycott British tea. • In Philadelphia and New York, tea was returned to England. • In Boston, the Sons of Liberty dumped the tea into the water. This was known as the Boston Tea Party. • In 1774, England passes several laws to punish the colonists for this. The Americans called them the Intolerable Acts.
The First Continental Congress • Colonies planned a congress of all the American colonies. • On May 27, 1774, delegates from all the colonies except Georgia met in Philadelphia. • The Congress called for an end to trade with Britain until the Intolerable Acts were repealed. • Declared that Parliament had not right to pass laws for America except those involving foreign trade. • Leaders at the Congress were Patrick Henry, George Washington, John Jay and Richard Henry Lee.
American Revolution Videos • http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=HwWi0zdF7wk • An in-depth look at the American Colonies and how revolution shaped the nation. • http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=-DnZ_ZY3lgA • Four-part series about the initial start of the American Revolution
Images of The Revolution Declaration of Independence
The Road to the Revolution • Click on each website below. Read about each event, in the order they are listed below. You will use these websites and information to complete your final task. • The Minutemen • The Shot Heard Round the World Movie • Bunker Hill • The Second Continental Congress • Common Sense and the Declaration of Independence • Famous People • The American Flag • Early Battles • Washington Crosses the Delaware and the Battle of Saratoga • Valley Forge and the End of the War
Timeline of the Revolutionary War • You and your partners will be assigned a time period during the War for Independence. • Group #1 April 1775 – March 1777 • Group #2 – April 1777 – June 1778 • Group # 3– July 1778 – October 1779 • Group # 4– November 1779 – November 1780 • Group # 5– December 1780 – December 1781 • Group # 6 – January 1782 – September 1783
Assignment Continued • Students will need to determine how and why their time period started the war • With the help of hypermedia, students will be able to create a Power Point that accurately describes at least three to four reasons why the American Revolution broke out. Groups will be developed with 3-4 students and will ultimately choose a side to argue their reasons (England vs. Colonies). time period caused the war