American Revolution Unit 2 Review
Proclamation of 1763 • Britain wanted to make peace with Indians and avoid further conflict on the frontier.
Sugar Act 1764 • Increased tax on foreign imported sugar from the West Indies.
Stamp Act, 1765 • England was broke from the French and Indian War. Needed to raise money. • Heavily enforced the Navigation Laws. • Stamp Act 1765, raised taxes: 1. Commercial and legal documents 2. Playing cards 3. Newspapers 4. Marriage licenses
Quartering Act 1765 • Required certain colonies to provide food and quarters for British troops.
“No Taxation Without Representation” • Argument that the colonist needed representation in the British government.
First Continental Congress 1774 • 12 out of the 13 colonies joined in Philadelphia, PA. • There to discuss Intolerable Acts • Called for complete boycott of British goods. Began forming militias (minutemen). • Not calling for independence.
Lexington & Concord • April 1775 • British soldiers moved to Lexington to seize colonists’ arsenal of weapons. • Battle ensues and 300 dead.
Tensions are high….I Think • 2nd Continental Congress met in Philadelphia. All 13 colonies are represented. • No fight for independence, they just wanted to continue fighting in the hope that King George III & Parliament would correct problems. • George Washington selected to lead: Army background.
Intentions unclear the first year of the war. • July 1775: Continental Congress: Olive Branch Petition- professing American loyalty to the Crown, begging the King to prevent hostilities. • August 1775: King George III decides “No Reconciliation.” 1. Colonies are rebelling. 2. Hired Hessians “German Soldiers” to fight the rebels.
Thomas Paine • Why do Americans continue to deny independence? • Loyalty to empire deeply ingrained • Poor unity among colonies • “Common Sense” - pamphlet • 120,000 copies sold • “Royal Brute of Great Britain” • Rights of man • Power flowed from the people
Declaration of Independence • July 4, 1776, Thomas Jefferson • Justification of rebellion lies in the idea of natural rights. • http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=C7o5kWrbJJE • http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=IoLlrrkCZSU
British kicked out of Boston, set up fort in NY. 1776, Battle of Trenton: Washington surprises and captures thousands of Hessians.
France seeks revenge on Britain • 1778, Ben Franklin secures a Treaty of Alliance with France • Spain & Holland followed, conflict turns global • 1778-1783: France supplies America with weapons, money, equipment, ½ of all armed forces, and virtually all naval power
Yorktown, 1781 • French help Americans lead an assault while British are waiting for reinforcements and supplies • British surrender 7,000 troops • British begin growing tired of the fight
Treaty of Paris 1783 • Britain formally recognized the independence of the United States.
Clips • http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=2YHl_0P2EJ4