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American Revolution

American Revolution

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American Revolution

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Presentation Transcript

  1. American Revolution Unit 2 Review

  2. Proclamation of 1763 • Britain wanted to make peace with Indians and avoid further conflict on the frontier.

  3. Sugar Act 1764 • Increased tax on foreign imported sugar from the West Indies.

  4. Stamp Act, 1765 • England was broke from the French and Indian War. Needed to raise money. • Heavily enforced the Navigation Laws. • Stamp Act 1765, raised taxes: 1. Commercial and legal documents 2. Playing cards 3. Newspapers 4. Marriage licenses

  5. Quartering Act 1765 • Required certain colonies to provide food and quarters for British troops.

  6. Boston Massacre, 1770

  7. Boston Tea Party, 1773

  8. “No Taxation Without Representation” • Argument that the colonist needed representation in the British government.

  9. First Continental Congress 1774 • 12 out of the 13 colonies joined in Philadelphia, PA. • There to discuss Intolerable Acts • Called for complete boycott of British goods. Began forming militias (minutemen). • Not calling for independence.

  10. Lexington & Concord • April 1775 • British soldiers moved to Lexington to seize colonists’ arsenal of weapons. • Battle ensues and 300 dead.

  11. Tensions are high….I Think • 2nd Continental Congress met in Philadelphia. All 13 colonies are represented. • No fight for independence, they just wanted to continue fighting in the hope that King George III & Parliament would correct problems. • George Washington selected to lead: Army background.

  12. Intentions unclear the first year of the war. • July 1775: Continental Congress: Olive Branch Petition- professing American loyalty to the Crown, begging the King to prevent hostilities. • August 1775: King George III decides “No Reconciliation.” 1. Colonies are rebelling. 2. Hired Hessians “German Soldiers” to fight the rebels.

  13. Thomas Paine • Why do Americans continue to deny independence? • Loyalty to empire deeply ingrained • Poor unity among colonies • “Common Sense” - pamphlet • 120,000 copies sold • “Royal Brute of Great Britain” • Rights of man • Power flowed from the people

  14. Declaration of Independence • July 4, 1776, Thomas Jefferson • Justification of rebellion lies in the idea of natural rights. • http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=C7o5kWrbJJE • http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=IoLlrrkCZSU

  15. British kicked out of Boston, set up fort in NY. 1776, Battle of Trenton: Washington surprises and captures thousands of Hessians.

  16. France seeks revenge on Britain • 1778, Ben Franklin secures a Treaty of Alliance with France • Spain & Holland followed, conflict turns global • 1778-1783: France supplies America with weapons, money, equipment, ½ of all armed forces, and virtually all naval power

  17. French troops

  18. Yorktown, 1781 • French help Americans lead an assault while British are waiting for reinforcements and supplies • British surrender 7,000 troops • British begin growing tired of the fight

  19. Surrender at Yorktown

  20. Unknown Source

  21. Treaty of Paris 1783 • Britain formally recognized the independence of the United States.

  22. Clips • http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=2YHl_0P2EJ4