American Revolution: Battle of Cowpens By: Raquel Smith & Brittany Livingston
Armies and Commanders • American commander Brigadier General Daniel Morgan led 1,000 men • British leader Lieutenant Colonel Banastre Tarleton led 1,100 men • The battle took place on January 17, 1781
Lieutenant Colonel Banastre Tarleton Daniel Morgan
Battle Background • Major General Nathanael Greene divided his forces in December 1780. • Lieutenant General Lord Charles Cornwallis took advantage of the divided troops and planned an attack. • Morgan found out about the planned attack by Cornwallis and chose to fight at Cowpens for its location.
Nathanael Greene Lord Cornwallis
Morgan’ s Plan • Morgan got 150 skirmishers to take on Cornwallis’s men before retreating. • They tricked the British into coming over the hill where they attacked them. • They had to do this because the militia of the continental army was unreliable.
Aftermath • The battle was won by the patriots. It gave them much needed advancement. • The patriots lost 120-170 men while the British lost 300-400 and 600 captured. • The battle was necessary to deprive the British of supplies and troops.
runaways • By the middle eighteenth century fugitive slaves were risking punishment and death in search of freedom. • The 1740 slave code made it legal to kill a slave who was found away from the house or plantation
RUNAWAYS • Georgia became a place for free fugitive men and women from the south. • The Georgia anti slave law prevented the immigration of free blacks.
Runaways • Approximately 100,000 people took advantage of the disruption caused by war and escaped from bondage. • Other slaves fled to Canada, Florida, and the Indian lands. • According to Jefferson Virginia lost 30,000 slaves in one year because of the war.
RUNAWAYS • Charles was a slave who offered to fight “in the defense of Liberty and the Rights of Mankind” in exchange for his family’s freedom.
runaways • Some slaves chose not to join a side. • They waged their own guerrilla campaigns • Sometimes they rode to freedom on their former masters’ horses.