el subjuntivo n.
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El subjuntivo

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El subjuntivo

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  1. El subjuntivo • CH. 3 p. 132 • W.E.I.R.D.O. and D.I.S.H.E.S. and much more!

  2. El indicativo • Sabemos y hemos estudiado el indicativo • Yo camino = I am walking, I walk • Tú hablas = you speak, you are speaking • Nosotros vivimos = we live, we are living • El/ella comió = s/he ate

  3. El indicativo vs el subjuntivo • The indicative expresses: • Certainty, knowledge, fact, reality • Thesubjunctiveexpresses: • Desires/wants, demands, suggestions, uncertainty/doubt, unreal things/ideas • one person wanting, suggesting, or demanding that someone else do something

  4. El subjuntivo • Still a bit confused? • Don’t worry...everyone knows the subjunctive is a WEIRDO • W = Wish (quieroque, esperoque...) • E = Emotion (temoque...) • I = Impersonal expressions (esimportanteque...) • R = Requests / Recommendation (recomiendoque...) • D = Doubt / Denial (dudoque...) • O = Obligation / Ojaláque

  5. Frasesimportantes • There are MANY phrases, but here are some common ones: • esperarqueto wish that ... • insistir en que ...to insist that ... • mandarque...to order that ... • **preferirque ...to prefer that ... • prohibirque ...to prohibit that ... • **quererque ...to want that ... • esaconsejableque ...it's advisable that ... • esnecesarioque ...it's necessary that ... • **pedirque ...to ask that ... • **recomendarque ...to recommend that ... • **sugerirque ...to suggest that ...

  6. Frases importantes • Some common phrases that DO NOT require the subjunctive: • Creer que... to believe that... • no dudar que ...to not doubt that ... • estar seguro que ...to be sure that ... • no es dudoso que ...it is not doubtful that ... • no hay duda que ...there is no doubt that ...

  7. El indicativo vs el subjuntivo • Let’s start with the most basic example • Quierocomprarunacamisetaroja • Is this the indicative or subjunctive? • Quieroquetúcompresunacamisetaroja • Is this the indicative or subjunctive? • What is the difference between the two???

  8. El indicativo vs el subjuntivo • Another example • Mi mamánecesitacomprarunacamisetarojaparatí • Is this the indicative or subjunctive? • Mi mamánecesitaqueyocompreunacamisetarojaparatí • Is this the indicative or subjunctive? • What is the difference between the two???

  9. El indicativo vs el subjuntivo • And another example • Es necesarioquehagamosejeciciosparaestar en forma. • Is this the indicative or subjunctive? • Hacemosejerciciosparaestar en forma. • Is this the indicative or subjunctive? • What is the difference between the two???

  10. El indicativo vs el subjuntivo • And yet another example • Es importantequeud. no salteuna comida para ser sano. • Is this the indicative or subjunctive? • Ud. no saltauna comida para ser sano. • Is this the indicative or subjunctive? • What is the difference between the two???

  11. Conjugations! • It might be difficult to determine WHEN to use the subjunctive... • But it is EASY to form it! • Remember how to make Ud. and Uds. command endings (mandatos)?? • It works the same way for the subjunctive!

  12. Conjugations! • What do you think is going on here?? • Hablar == • yohable, túhables, e/e/Ud. hable, nosotroshablemos, e/e/Uds. hablen • Comer == • yo coma, tú comas, e/e/Ud. coma, nosotroscomamos, e/e/Uds. coman • Decir == • yodiga, túdigas, e/e/Ud. diga, nosotrosdigamos, e/e/Uds. digan

  13. Conjugations! • Go to the YO • Drop the -o • Add the opposite ending • Yes...it really is that simple! • And you already know what to do with -Car, -Gar, -Zar! • c -- qu g -- gu z -- c

  14. Vamos a practicar • Conjugate the following verbs: • Caminar = to walk • Escribir = to write • Tener = to have • Pensar = to think (e -> ie) • Tocar = to play, touch • Pagar = to pay

  15. Vamos a practicar • Caminar = to walk • Yocamine, túcamines, él/ella/Ud. camine, nosotroscaminemos, ellos/ellas/Uds. caminen • Escribir = to write • Escriba, escribas, escriba, escribamos, escriban • Tener = to have • Tenga, tengas, tenga, tengamos, tengan • Pensar = to think (e -> ie) • Piense, pienses, piense, pensemos, piensen • Tocar = to play, touch • toque, toques, toque, toquemos, toquen • Pagar = to pay • pague, pagues, pague, paguemos, paguen

  16. Vamos a practicar • Terminaestasfrases: • Es importanteque... • Es necesarioque... • Dudoque... • No creesque... • Mi mamáquiereque... • Mi padre prefiereque...