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Internet Utilization in Indonesia

Internet Utilization in Indonesia

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Internet Utilization in Indonesia

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  1. Internet Utilization in Indonesia Onno W. Purbo Institute of Technology Bandung yc1dav@itb.ac.id

  2. Acknowledgment • Those who donate ITB-Net: PT. USI/IBM, PT. Masaro, PT. Daya Sakti Timber, PT. Daksina Arga Perkasa, PT. LEN Industry etc ..... • Those who spent many sleepless nights in building the Indonesia network at: • pau-mikro@ee.umanitoba.ca • sysop-l@itb.ac.id • apjii@rs.net.id

  3. Vision 5 Million Indonesian in Internet in the next 5-10 years.

  4. Outline • Internet in Indonesia • Local Internet / Telecomm Capacity • Current Network Status. • Future Trends & Recommendations. • Summary.

  5. Up-dated Reports at .... • http://kalpataru.netura.net.id/~onno/ • http://www.aim.apic.net/indonesia/ • http://www.nsrc.org/ASIA/ID/country.html • http://www.cides.or.id/~onno/

  6. Summary Indonesian Internet Considering 200 Million Indonesia Population Current Internet Population Gives No Significant Effect! • Approx. 3 years of history ... • More Than 34 ISP within 3 years. • More Than 60.000 users. • Mostly using satellite regional network. • Current total speed more than 18Mbps. • Mostly retail / single user - not too many corporate user as yet.

  7. Summary Indonesian Internet The Trick Is To Increase Significantly the Mass Then Internet Will Be Something in Indonesia • Approx. 3 years of history ... • More Than 34 ISP within 3 years. • More Than 60.000 users. • Mostly using satellite regional network. • Current total speed more than 18Mbps. • Mostly retail / single user - not too many corporate user as yet.

  8. Summary Indonesian Internet The Easiest & Cheapest Way is By Integrating All Indonesian Universities • Approx. 3 years of history ... • More Than 34 ISP within 3 years. • More Than 60.000 users. • Mostly using satellite regional network. • Current total speed more than 18Mbps. • Mostly retail / single user - not too many corporate user as yet.

  9. User Composition (June 1995) Mostly Dominated By Commercial Users

  10. In 1996, It is believed to be dominated by Commercial ISP Users User Composition (June 1995) Mostly Dominated By Commercial Users

  11. Indonesia Internet Topology

  12. Multiple Connection To Internet With Total Speed of 18Mbps! Indonesia Internet Topology

  13. Indonesia Internet Topology Many Regional Networks Overlay On Top One Another

  14. Indonesia Internet Topology There Are Some Packet Radio Networks as the Early Internet in Indonesia connected mainly to LAPAN & ITB

  15. Indonesia Internet Topology ITB Runs The First Asia Pacific Backbone for Education at 2Mbps

  16. Indonesia Speed To Internet bps (log plot) Year

  17. It Is Increasing Exponentially Indonesia Speed To Internet bps (log plot) Year

  18. User Base & Regional Backbone Should Be Deployed To Sustain Such Increase! Indonesia Speed To Internet bps (log plot) Year

  19. Indonesia IT Sales Million US$ Year Source http://www.swa.co.id

  20. It is a linear increase Indonesia IT Sales Million US$ Year Source http://www.swa.co.id

  21. Major IT Users in Indonesia • Financial Institutions. • Trade & Business Institutions. • Media & Newspaper Industries. • Travel, Hotel & Tourist Industries.

  22. Attract Most of The Indonesian Web Surfers Major IT Users in Indonesia • Financial Institutions. • Trade & Business Institutions. • Media & Newspaper Industries. • Travel, Hotel & Tourist Industries.

  23. Seems To Be The Most Interested Industry in Putting Their Profile in Internet Major IT Users in Indonesia • Financial Institutions. • Trade & Business Institutions. • Media & Newspaper Industries. • Travel, Hotel & Tourist Industries.

  24. Major Increase inIndonesia Presence in Internet Check Out Various Internet Search Engines

  25. Major Increase inIndonesia Presence in Internet Use Indonesia as Keyword From Time To Time Check Out Various Internet Search Engines

  26. Thanks Goes to Many Indonesia Presence Providers Major Increase inIndonesia Presence in Internet Check Out Various Internet Search Engines

  27. Fact Is ..... • 70-80% Indonesian Web Traffic is actually generated from *.id domain. • 80-100 Mbyte / Day / Site of Web Traffic.

  28. The Indonesian Still Needs To Learn How To Speak Up :-) ... Fact Is ..... • 70-80% Indonesian Web Traffic is actually generated from *.id domain. • 80-100 Mbyte / Day / Site of Web Traffic.

  29. We Need To Learn International Marketing! Fact Is ..... • 70-80% Indonesian Web Traffic is actually generated from *.id domain. • 80-100 Mbyte / Day / Site of Web Traffic.

  30. Significant Increase From Last Year’s 10-20Mbyte / Day/ Site Fact Is ..... • 70-80% Indonesian Web Traffic is actually generated from *.id domain. • 80-100 Mbyte / Day / Site of Web Traffic.

  31. Mailing List as Major Applications • ITB hosts more than 100 mailing lists. • n21@itb.ac.id. • pau-mikro@itb.ac.id. • hee-net@itb.ac.id • indonesia-canada@itb.ac.id • stock-market@itb.ac.id • ekonomi-indonesia@itb.ac.id

  32. Local Internet Capability .. • Mostly PC / Windows Based Machine. • Mostly Running Novell or NT Server Within Corporate. • Not Many TCP/IP & Internet Expert Around. Those who are around can be found at: • pau-mikro@ee.umanitoba.ca • sysop-l@itb.ac.id

  33. Remember By The Year 1997 Number of PC Sales - Outnumber TV Sales Local Internet Capability .. • Mostly PC / Windows Based Machine. • Mostly Running Novell or NT Server Within Corporate. • Not Many TCP/IP & Internet Expert Around. Those who are around can be found at: • pau-mikro@ee.umanitoba.ca • sysop-l@itb.ac.id

  34. Indonesia Internet Will Be Dominated By More Powerful PCs .. Local Internet Capability .. • Mostly PC / Windows Based Machine. • Mostly Running Novell or NT Server Within Corporate. • Not Many TCP/IP & Internet Expert Around. Those who are around can be found at: • pau-mikro@ee.umanitoba.ca • sysop-l@itb.ac.id

  35. Most Corporate Will Likely To Have Novell Network / NT Server Connected to Internet Local Internet Capability .. • Mostly PC / Windows Based Machine. • Mostly Running Novell or NT Server Within Corporate. • Not Many TCP/IP & Internet Expert Around. Those who are around can be found at: • pau-mikro@ee.umanitoba.ca • sysop-l@itb.ac.id

  36. Not Many Expert Around When It Comes to Activate TCP/IP Within Novell Local Internet Capability .. • Mostly PC / Windows Based Machine. • Mostly Running Novell or NT Server Within Corporate. • Not Many TCP/IP & Internet Expert Around. Those who are around can be found at: • pau-mikro@ee.umanitoba.ca • sysop-l@itb.ac.id

  37. Local Internet Capability .. • Mostly PC / Windows Based Machine. • Mostly Running Novell or NT Server Within Corporate. • Not Many TCP/IP & Internet Expert Around. Those who are around can be found at: • pau-mikro@ee.umanitoba.ca • sysop-l@itb.ac.id Please Do Ask For Advice From These Groups If You Have Difficulties ....

  38. Telecommunication Infrastructure. • Terrestrial Segment. • Space Segment.

  39. Terrestrial Infrastructure ... • PT. Telekomunikasi Indonesia - more than 30 cities & 80 major switches at 2Mbps - NATIONAL BACKBONE? • PT. Aplikanusa Lintasarta - approx. 17 cities - hope 31 cities in 1997 at 2Mbps - ANOTHER NATIONAL BACKBONE? • WaveLAN - low cost & cheap 2Mbps!

  40. Terrestrial Infrastructure ... • PT. Telekomunikasi Indonesia - more than 30 cities & 80 major switches at 2Mbps - NATIONAL BACKBONE? • PT. Aplikanusa Lintasarta - approx... 17 cities - hope 31 cities in 1997 at 2Mbps - ANOTHER NATIONAL BACKBONE? • WaveLAN - low cost & cheap 2Mbps! Low Cost Solution For Building 2Mbps MAN It costs us less than US$ 4000 to setup a 2Mbps node in MAN!

  41. Wireless Terrestrial Infrastructure ... • Promising Arena For The Future ... • Conventional AMPS & GSM ... • Wireless Data Network

  42. Mobile Computing • Internet E-mail • FAX • SMS (GSM) • Pager • Stock Market

  43. Space Segment / Infrastructure .. • Several Major Players: • PT. Aplikanusa Lintasarta. • PT. Citra Sari Makmur (CMS). • PT. Elektrindo Nusantara. • PT. Primacom • One Major Satellite Manufacturer: • PT. Compact Microwave Indonesia (CMI)

  44. Space Segment / Infrastructure .. VSAT TDMA Station Cost US$ 1500 / Month At 64Kbps ..... Not Bad For Low Internet Traffic • Three Major Players: • PT. Aplikanusa Lintasarta. • PT. Citra Sari Makmur (CMS). • PT. Elektrindo Nusantara. • PT. Primacom • One Major Satellite Manufacturer: • PT. Compact Microwave Indonesia (CMI)

  45. VSAT TDMA for US$ 1500 / month translated into Less Than Rp. 1000 / Student / Month For 24 hour Internet Access! Space Segment / Infrastructure .. • Three Major Players: • PT. Aplikanusa Lintasarta. • PT. Citra Sari Makmur (CMS). • PT. Elektrindo Nusantara. • PT. Primacom • One Major Satellite Manufacturer: • PT. Compact Microwave Indonesia (CMI)

  46. Indonesia Intenet Exchange (IX) • Telkom (SISFO) • Telkom • IndoNet • RadNet • ITB • Indosat • IBM • Lintas Arta (IDOLA)

  47. Government Computerization .. • Yes, we do have computerization in government institutions ... • Ministry of Research & Technology. • Ministry of Industry & Trade. • State Ministry for Environment. • Custom

  48. Government Computerization .. IPTEK-NET as major ISP. • Yes, we do have computerization in government institutions ... • Ministry of Research & Technology. • Ministry of Industry & Trade. • State Ministry for Environment. • Custom

  49. Government Computerization .. Industrial - Trade Network (INTRANET) driven by PUSDATA & KIT • Yes, we do have computerization in government institutions ... • Ministry of Research & Technology. • Ministry of Industry & Trade. • State Ministry for Environment. • Custom

  50. Government Computerization .. http://www.bapedal.go.id driven by BAPEDAL • Yes, we do have computerization in government institutions ... • Ministry of Research & Technology. • Ministry of Industry & Trade. • State Ministry for Environment. • Custom