Arizona From Territory to State
Acquiring Land • 1848- Land was acquired in the Treaty of Guadalupe Hidalgo • Many settlers moved there during the Gold Rush • The rest was purchased in the Gadsden Purchase in 1853
AZ Territory • During the Civil War, Arizona southerners made Arizona a Confederate territory. • 1863- Lincoln okayed the making of Arizona from New Mexico’s land • Capitol was in Prescott, and then later moved to Tucson • 1889- The capital moved to Phoenix
Miners • Most modern day cities were created by miners in the Civil War era • Immigrant miners set up trading posts in towns like Bisbee, Wickenburg, and Globe • They mined gold, silver, and copper. • Railroads made life easier in the 1880s. • Mining towns had large populations and violence.
Founders • Nellie Cashman- the “Angel of Tombstone” fed hungry miners • Sharlot Hall- first territorial historian • Charles Poston- the “Father of Arizona” convinced Congress to admit AZ as a territory. • John Swilling- founded an irrigation company and Phoenix
Constitutional Convention • 1910 congress allowed AZ to hold a Constitutional Convention • Constitution was approved except the power to recall judges. • AZ removed the recall to get the Constitution passed
Statehood • Feb. 14, 1912 Arizona became the 48th state • George Hunt was the first Governor • Voters immediately voted to add the recall back into the Constitution