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Sun, Moon, Earth, PowerPoint Presentation
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Sun, Moon, Earth,

Sun, Moon, Earth,

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Sun, Moon, Earth,

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  1. How do they work together to help life survive? The Planets Sun, Moon, Earth,

  2. What is a planet? • According to the IAU (International Astronomical Union) a planet must meet these three guidelines.

  3. What is a planet? • According to the IAU (International Astronomical Union) a planet must meet these three guidelines. • Is in orbit around the sun.

  4. What is a planet? • According to the IAU (International Astronomical Union) a planet must meet these three guidelines. • Is in orbit around the sun. • Has enough mass to maintain a nearly round shape.

  5. What is a planet? • According to the IAU (International Astronomical Union) a planet must meet these three guidelines. • Is in orbit around the sun. • Has enough mass to maintain a nearly round shape. • Called hydrostatic equilibrium.

  6. What is a planet? • According to the IAU (International Astronomical Union) a planet must meet these three guidelines. • Is in orbit around the sun. • Has enough mass to maintain a nearly round shape. • Called hydrostatic equilibrium. • Has cleared the neighborhood around its orbit.

  7. What is a planet? • Dwarf Planets:

  8. What is a planet? • Dwarf Planets: • Must do #1 and #2.

  9. What is a planet? • Dwarf Planets: • Must do #1 and #2. • Does not do #3.

  10. What is a planet? • Dwarf Planets: • Must do #1 and #2. • Does not do #3. • Is not a satellite.

  11. What is a planet? • Dwarf Planets: • Must do #1 and #2. • Does not do #3. • Is not a satellite. • Currently there are 5 dwarf planets: • Ceres (between Mars and Jupiter) • Pluto • Makemake • Eris • Haumea

  12. Mercury:

  13. Mercury: • Temperature range: believed to be from -184°C to 427°C

  14. Mercury: • Temperature range: believed to be from -184°C to 427°C • Rotation time: 58.6 Earth days.

  15. Mercury: • Temperature range: believed to be from -184°C to 427°C • Rotation time: 58.6 Earth days. • Orbit: 88 Earth days

  16. Mercury: • Temperature range: believed to be from -184°C to 427°C • Rotation time: 58.6 Earth days. • Orbit: 88 Earth days • Mass: The Earth is 18 times more massive than Mercury.

  17. Mercury: • Temperature range: believed to be from -184°C to 427°C • Rotation time: 58.6 Earth days. • Orbit: 88 Earth days • Mass: The Earth is 18 times more massive than Mercury. • Diameter: 4,878 km (about 40% of the Earth’s

  18. Mercury: • Moons: none

  19. Mercury: • Moons: none • Water: Polar ice that never melts.

  20. Mercury: • Moons: none • Water: Polar ice that never melts. • Atmosphere: very thin, contains H, He, O, Na, Ca, and K. Removed and replenished constantly.

  21. Mercury: • Moons: none • Water: Polar ice that never melts. • Atmosphere: very thin, contains H, He, O, Na, Ca, and K. Removed and replenished constantly. • Gravity: 100 pounds on the Earth weighs 37.8 pounds on Mercury.

  22. Mercury: • Moons: none • Water: Polar ice that never melts. • Atmosphere: very thin, contains H, He, O, Na, Ca, and K. Removed and replenished constantly. • Gravity: 100 pounds on the Earth weighs 37.8 pounds on Mercury. • Discovered: Known since ancient times.

  23. Mercury: • Moons: none • Water: Polar ice that never melts. • Atmosphere: very thin, contains H, He, O, Na, Ca, and K. Removed and replenished constantly. • Gravity: 100 pounds on the Earth weighs 37.8 pounds on Mercury. • Discovered: Known since ancient times. • Distance to sun: 58 million km

  24. Venus:

  25. Venus: • Temperature range: from 850°F to 950°F.

  26. Venus: • Temperature range: from 850°F to 950°F. • Rotation time: 243 Earth days

  27. Venus: • Temperature range: from 850°F to 950°F. • Rotation time: 243 Earth days • Orbit: 225 Earth days

  28. Venus: • Temperature range: from 850°F to 950°F. • Rotation time: 243 Earth days • Orbit: 225 Earth days • Mass: The Earth is 1.0 times more massive than Venus.

  29. Venus: • Temperature range: from 850°F to 950°F. • Rotation time: 243 Earth days • Orbit: 225 Earth days • Mass: The Earth is 1.0 times more massive than Venus. • Diameter: 12,100 km

  30. Venus: • Moons: None

  31. Venus: • Moons: None • Water: yes

  32. Venus: • Moons: None • Water: yes • Atmosphere: Carbon Dioxide (95%), Nitrogen, Sulfuric Acid, and trace elements.

  33. Venus: • Moons: None • Water: yes • Atmosphere: Carbon Dioxide (95%), Nitrogen, Sulfuric Acid, and trace elements. • Gravity: 100 pounds on Earth weighs 90.7 pounds on Venus.

  34. Venus: • Moons: None • Water: yes • Atmosphere: Carbon Dioxide (95%), Nitrogen, Sulfuric Acid, and trace elements. • Gravity: 100 pounds on Earth weighs 90.7 pounds on Venus. • Discovered: Known since ancient times.

  35. Venus: • Moons: None • Water: yes • Atmosphere: Carbon Dioxide (95%), Nitrogen, Sulfuric Acid, and trace elements. • Gravity: 100 pounds on Earth weighs 90.7 pounds on Venus. • Discovered: Known since ancient times. • Distance to sun: 108 million km

  36. Earth:

  37. Earth: • Temperature range: -69°C to 58°C

  38. Earth: • Temperature range: -69°C to 58°C • Rotation time: 24 hours

  39. Earth: • Temperature range: -69°C to 58°C • Rotation time: 24 hours • Orbit: 365.26 days

  40. Earth: • Temperature range: -69°C to 58°C • Rotation time: 24 hours • Orbit: 365.26 days • Mass: 5.98 X 10 kg

  41. Earth: • Temperature range: -69°C to 58°C • Rotation time: 24 hours • Orbit: 365.26 days • Mass: 5.98 X 10 kg • Diameter: 12,800 km

  42. Earth: • Moons: one

  43. Earth: • Moons: one • Water: Yes, in all forms.

  44. Earth: • Moons: one • Water: Yes, in all forms. • Atmosphere: Nitrogen (78.1%, 20.9% Oxygen and trace amounts of Argon, Carbon Dioxide, Helium, Hydrogen, and Methane.

  45. Earth: • Moons: one • Water: Yes, in all forms. • Atmosphere: Nitrogen (78.1%, 20.9% Oxygen and trace amounts of Argon, Carbon Dioxide, Helium, Hydrogen, and Methane. • Distance to sun: 150 million km

  46. Mars:

  47. Mars: • Temperature range: -220°F to 60°F.

  48. Mars: • Temperature range: -220°F to 60°F. • Rotation time: 24 hours 37 minutes.

  49. Mars: • Temperature range: -220°F to 60°F. • Rotation time: 24 hours 37 minutes. • Orbit: 687 Earth days

  50. Mars: • Temperature range: -220°F to 60°F. • Rotation time: 24 hours 37 minutes. • Orbit: 687 Earth days • Mass: The Earth is 9.3 times more massive than Mars.