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Words and meanings. Hannah Shih . Welcome to the world of “word and meaning” . Let’s play Monopoly! choose one small magnet. Everyone dice and go forward according to the number. Finish the task in every blank. Generalization and Specialization.
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Words and meanings Hannah Shih
Welcome to the world of “word and meaning” • Let’s play Monopoly! • choose one small magnet. • Everyone dice and go forward according to the number. • Finish the task in every blank.
Generalization and Specialization • The meaning of some words can be generalized(extended; widened) and can be specialized(restricted; narrowed).
Generalization • Tail – hairy caudal appendage, as of a horse. • Mill- a place for making things by the process of grinding.
Specialization • Deer- used to mean simply “animal” →Adding something particular “the family Cervidae” • Hound- used to mean “dog” → Adding the idea of hunting.
Taboo and Euphemism • Euphemism- replacement for taboo terms. • Die- pass away; go on a journey. • Taboo and euphemism are mostly culture- specific.
Pejoration and Amelioration “A word may go downhill or it may rise in the world.” Pejoration-The downgrading or depreciation of a word's meaning, as when a word with a positive sense develops a negative one.
Silly • In early Middle English (around 1200), sely (as the word was then spelled) meant 'happy, blissful, blessed, fortunate,' Late 1500s, the word's use declined to its present-day meaning of 'lacking good sense, empty-headed, senseless, foolish.
Nice "The meaning of nice when it first appeared in Middle English (about 1300) was ‘ foolish, silly, simple; ignorant, senseless, absurd.'"The movement toward amelioration reached its apex in the 1800s with such meanings as 'kind and considerate, friendly.'"
Reference • http://media.openonline.com.cn/media_file/rm/dongshi2004/yyyyxgl/CHAPTER8/chapter8-5.htm • The origins and development of the english language. • http://grammar.about.com/od/ab/g/amelioraterm.htm
Key points that I want to express through my expression. • Can express or guest the meaning of the new words. • Know what is Generalization and Specialization in words. • Know what is Pejoration and Amelioration. • Know what is Taboo and Euphemism. • Key ideas that I learn from others’ presentation.
Key ideas I learn from others’ presentations • The powerful word ”OK” • The interesting new words • The history of the typography(printer) • The evolving process of dirty words
Reflection • Actually, I am very interested in the words and meanings, so I want to share with my classmates. I found there are lot of material and information about that. To trigger the classmates’ motive to know new words and word meaning, I decided to use Monopoly to start the presentation. However, it’s pity thay I didn’t set up more rules and more lectures to deliver my ideas clearly.