Download
world history ii sol review n.
Skip this Video
Loading SlideShow in 5 Seconds..
World History II SOL Review PowerPoint Presentation
Download Presentation
World History II SOL Review

World History II SOL Review

118 Vues Download Presentation
Télécharger la présentation

World History II SOL Review

- - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - E N D - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - -
Presentation Transcript

  1. World History IISOL Review Great Depression – Cold War

  2. Great Depression - Causes • German reparations • Buying on credit • Overproduction – high supply + low demand = low prices for farm goods and manufactured goods • Protective Tariffs – countries passed tariffs (taxes on imports) to make people buy goods produced and food grown in their country (foreign goods were more expensive) • Stock Market Crash (October 1929)

  3. Great Depression - Results • High unemployment • Bank failures + collapse of credit • Collapse of prices in world trade • Growth of Fascism (extreme nationalism) in Italy and Germany • Nazi Party blamed Jews for the economic collapse

  4. Adolf Hitler • Germany • Came to power because of inflation and Great Depression (legally came to power) • Anti-Semitism • Extreme nationalism (fascist) • Nazi Party • Challenge to world power – sent troops into the Rhineland (demilitarized zone according to Versailles treaty)

  5. Benito Mussolini • Italy • Fascist (1st fascist leader) • Wanted to restore the glory of the Roman Empire • Challenge to world power – invaded Ethiopia

  6. Tojo • Japan • Militarist • Japan’s industrialization – need for raw materials and markets • Challenge to world power – invaded Korea, Manchuria, and rest of China

  7. World War II - Causes • Aggression by totalitarian power (Hitler, Mussolini, and Tojo) • Nationalism (Fascism – extreme nationalism) • Failures of the Versailles Treaty • Weakness of the League of Nations • Appeasement – Munich Conference (gave Hitler the Sudetenland to avoid war) • Isolationism/Pacifism in United States and Europe

  8. World War II – Major Events • Began – German invasion of Poland • France fell (Britain left alone to fight the Axis Powers) • Battle of Britain – bombing of London • Operation Barbarossa – German invasion of the Soviet Union • U.S. entered war after Japan attacked Pearl Harbor • U.S. dropped atomic bombs on Hiroshima and Nagasaki to end war with Japan

  9. World War II – Major Leaders • Franklin D. Roosevelt – President of the U.S. • Harry Truman – replaced Franklin Roosevelt as president/dropped atomic bomb on Japan • Dwight D. Eisenhower – Allied commander in Europe (D Day) • Douglas MacArthur – U.S. General in the Pacific • Winston Churchill – Prime Minister of England • Joseph Stalin – dictator of Soviet Union • Hirohito – Emperor of Japan

  10. Outcomes of World War II • European powers loss of empires (ex. Japan lost territory gained by the war) • Two super powers emerged – U.S. and Soviet Union • Nuremberg Trial – tried Nazis for war crimes • Division of Europe – Iron Curtain (capitalist/democratic vs. communist/totalitarian) • United Nations

  11. Outcomes of World War II • NATO (North Atlantic Treaty Organization) – military alliance that included U.S., Canada, and western Europe • Warsaw Pact – Soviet Union and Eastern Europe

  12. Holocaust • Genocide – the systematic and purposeful destruction of a racial, political, religious, or cultural group • Elements leading to the Holocaust – history of anti-Semitism, defeat in World War I and Great Depression blamed on the Jews, Hitler’s belief in a master race, and Final Solution (death camps)

  13. Examples of Other Genocides • Armenians by leaders of the Ottoman Empire • Peasants, government and military leaders, and members of the elite in the Soviet Union by Joseph Stalin (Great Purge) • The educated, artists, technicians, former government officials, monks, and minorities by Pol Pot in Cambodia • Tutsi minority by the Hutu in Rwanda • Muslims and Croats By Bosnian Serbs in Yugoslavia

  14. Post World War II - Japan • U.S. occupation of Japan led by MacArthur • Improved economy • Brought democracy to Japan – constitution/elections • Japan can only have a military for defense

  15. Post World War II – Germany • Division of East (Soviet Union) and West (U.S., France, and Great Britain) • Division of Berlin (East and West) • Democratic government in West Germany

  16. Early Cold War • Yalta Conference - meeting of three main allied leaders (Roosevelt, Stalin, and Churchill) + planned "the whole shape and structure of post-war Europe“ + Stalin had the right to control the governments of Eastern Europe (Soviet troops were already stationed throughout Eastern Europe as they pushed toward Germany) • Democracy and Capitalism vs. Dictatorship and Communism • Truman Doctrine – contain communism (not let it spread)

  17. Marshall Plan • Rebuild Western Europe (aid and assistance) – prevent the spread of communism

  18. Berlin Wall • Surrounded city of West Berlin so that people would not escape to West Germany

  19. Korean War • Cause – North Korea invaded South Korea • Result – North Korea and South Korean still divided along 38th parallel • China supported North Korea and U.S. supported South Korea

  20. Vietnam War • Cause - Ho Chi Minh encouraged communist rebels to overthrow South Vietnamese government • Results - U.S. troops left Vietnam + unification of Vietnam (communist country) • Vietnamization Nixon's administrations policy of building up South Vietnamese forces while gradually withdrawing American troops • Domino Theory If Vietnam became a communist country, the countries adjacent to (surrounding) Vietnam would also become communist countries

  21. Cuban Missile Crisis • Cause – Soviet Union places nuclear missiles in Cuba • Results – Soviet Union removed missiles and U.S. promised not to invade Cuba

  22. Collapse of Soviet Union • Communism failed!! - increasing Soviet military expenses to compete with the United States + economic inefficiency • Gorbachev and President Reagan – key leaders • Eastern European countries (communist block) wanted independence  U.S. encouraged dissidents (people who wanted independence) in communist countries (Poland) • Some Warsaw Pact countries joined NATO after collapse of Soviet Union – expansion of NATO

  23. Collapse of Soviet Union • Establishment of independent states in Eastern Europe and the breakup of the Soviet Union • Movement toward a free market economy • Fall of Berlin wall and reunification of Germany