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World War I Europe 1914-1918 PowerPoint Presentation
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World War I Europe 1914-1918

World War I Europe 1914-1918

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World War I Europe 1914-1918

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  1. World War IEurope1914-1918

  2. THE MAKING OF WAR Militarism Alliances Imperialism Nationalism

  3. MILITARISM • Putting military concerns over all other affairs of a country. • Military pride http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=D6_r6eB_nQY

  4. IMPERIALISM • Establishing political & economic control over countries • Europe = competition for new markets

  5. NATIONALISM • Extreme love of one’s country • Super patriotism

  6. ALLIANCES • Agreement between countries to help each other if attacked • Public & Secret http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=UAeMeuuspmk

  7. European Alliances 1879: The Dual Alliance Germany & Austria-Hungary make an alliance to protect themselves from Russia 1881: Austro-Serbian Alliance Prevent Russia from gaining control of Serbia 1882: The Triple Alliance Germany & Austria – Hungary make an alliance with Italy to stop Italy taking sides with Russia 1894: Franco-Russian Alliance Russia allied with France to protect herself from Austria-Hungary and Germany 1904: Entente Cordiale This was an agreement but not a formal alliance between Britain & France 1907: The Anglo-Russian Entente Britain & Russia ended their differences with this alliance 1907: The Triple Entente Alliance between Britain, France, & Russia was made because of failing relations between Germany and Russia and Germany and Britain

  8. TRIPLE ALLIANCE

  9. TRIPLE ENTENTE

  10. Spark that ignites war • June 28, 1914 • Sarajevo, Bosnia • Slavic nationalist assassinates Archduke Franz Ferdinand (heir to Austro-Hungarian throne)

  11. Chain Reaction in Europe • Austria-Hungary ultimatum to Serbia • Austria-Hungary declares war on Serbia • Russia mobilizes (supports Serbia) • Germany mobilizes (supports A-H) • France mobilizes (supports Russia) • Germany violates Belgium neutrality • Great Britain joins war against Germany

  12. A Bloody StalemateWhy? • Trench Warfare • New Weapons • Machine Gun • Long-range Rifle • Gas • Failure to Adjust

  13. Military Casualties of the European Great Powers 1914 - 1917