Psychological Symbolism in Heart of DarknessBy: Molly Shepley and Molly Pantaleoni Knowing your own darkness is the best method for dealing with the darknesses of other people. -Carl Gustav Jung
Jungian Archetypes • The Anima- inner opposites • The Shadow- the personification of that part of human, psychic possibility that we deny in ourselves and project onto others
Jung Archetypes in Heart of Darkness • Kurtz himself (the Anima)- “His intelligence was perfectly clear, concentrated…But his soul was mad…I saw the inconceivable mystery of a soul that knew no restraint, no faith, and no fear, yet struggled blindly with itself…(65-66)” Site pages: 22, 30, 59, 61, 69, 71,
Kurtz (Marlow’s Shadow)- “I did not betray Mr. Kurtz- it was ordered I should never betray him- it was written I should be loyal to the nightmare of my choice. I was anxious to deal with this shadow by myself alone…(64)” Site pages: 2 from p.65, 72 “From the same root that produces wild, untamed, blind instinct their grows up the natural laws and cultural forms that tame and break its pristine power. But when the animal in us is split off from consciousness by being repressed, it may easily burst out in full force, quite unregulated and uncontrolled. An outburst of this sort always ends in catastrophe- the animal destroys itself. ~Richard Hughs excerpt from Colleen Burke essay
Freud and Heart of Darkness Id, Ego, Superego • Levels of Consciousness- • Anything that is thought perceived or understood is in the conscious level. • Below this level, memories and thoughts which threaten to break into the conscious level is the preconscious level. • The unconscious- the wishes, urges, memories, and thoughts that represent an individual’s personal experience. Impulses that threaten to destabilize if they break.
Freud Explained • The ID- the impulse, the pleasure principle, the primitive motivational force • The EGO- balancing act (services and calms the ID), the individual becomes a self instead of needs and wants • The SUPEREGO- authority, guilt, pride (if acceptable to SUPEREGO), pushes for right and wrong and ideals
Freudian Psychology in Heart of Darkness • “No. Still, I was curious to see whether this man, who had come out equipped with moral ideas of some sort, would climb to the top after all…(37)” • “The inner truth is hidden- luckily, luckily (42).” • “The man presented himself as a voice (58).” Site pages: 27, 43, 2 on p. 44
THIS IS THE HEART OF DARKNESS “It had ceased to be a blank space of delightful mystery- a white patch for a boy to dream gloriously over. It had become a place of darkness (12).”