AP Government Exam Review 51-55 Emily Garnier
51. Implied Powers • Powers that are not expressly written in the Constitution, but reasonably suggested by the expressed powers. • This applies to the US Government in that implied powers are found within the United States Constitution. Some examples of implied powers that are found in the Constitution are levying taxes, conscripting armies, and organizing a national postal system.
52. Necessary and Proper Clause (Elastic) • The final paragraph of Article I, Section 8, of the Constitution, which authorizes Congress to pass all laws deemed “necessary and proper” to carry out the enumerated powers. Sometimes called the “elastic clause” because of the flexibility it provides to Congress. • This clause applies to the United States government in that it is an important part of the first article of the Constitution, one which relates directly to the law-making process of Congress. A historical example of the elastic clause being used would be the Louisiana Purchase, because it was deemed necessary for the expansion of the country.
53. Inherent Powers • Powers that are not explicitly expressed but which have been historically possessed by other governments. • This applies to the US Government in that it shows how the government has been influenced by other governments. These some examples of these inherent powers include the power to deport aliens and to acquire territory.
54. Concurrent Powers • Powers that both the national and state governments can possess and exercise. • This applies to the United States government in that it shows how powers can be shared on both state and national levels within the government. Some examples of powers that are given to both national and state governments are the power to collect taxes, and the power to condemn private property for public use.
55. Reserved Powers • Powers that are not granted to the National government in the Constitution, but which are granted to the states. • This applies to the government of the United States in that reserved powers show how the government allows the states to, to some extent, operate independently of the national government on more localized issues. Some examples of reserved powers include marriage laws, laws pertaining to alcohol, gambling, professional licensing, and the power to establish schools.