Warm-Up • Make sure your Socratic Seminar Handout and Greece Test are glued into your notebook. • Exchange your notebook with a neighbor in your group. 3. Create a cover and table of contents for Ancient Rome.
Discussion Questions • Essential Question – How was Rome able to go from a small town to a huge empire? • 1. How did an army of amateurs become one of the worlds greatest fighting forces? What made them so unique? • 2. What led to the rivalry between Carthage and Rome? • 3. What drives Scipio and Hannibal?
1. At the height of its power 2,000 years ago, Rome ruled a vast area. 2. Roman lands surrounded the Mediterranean and Black Seas. 3. To the north in Europe, Rome governed territories that now are the Balkans, Austria, some of Germany, all of France, Belgium, and much of Britain.
4. Yet Rome, much as ancient Greece, rose from humble beginnings. 5. About 750 BCE, some bands of people settled in several villages that grew together on the banks of the Tiber River, that formed Rome. 6. Rome became the city that eventually built the Roman Empire.
Discussion Questions • Essential Question – How was Rome able to go from a small town to a huge empire? • The powerful Roman army defeated one enemy after another – taking over the newly conquered lands. • 1. How did an army of amateurs become one of the worlds greatest fighting forces? What made them so unique? • Soldiers were trained in the use of slings, javelins, spears, and swords (which they stole from enemies). • These forces were divided into legions, army units of 6,000 men each. • The legions were divided into smaller units that could be moved easily - and swiftly took over enemy troops. • Well trained, armed, fed, rested. • Retreat was not any option • 2. What led to the rivalry between Carthage and Rome? • As Rome began to grow and take over on the Italian Peninsula, it came into contact with Carthage. Carthage was afraid that Rome would attempt to take land away from Carthage. • 3. What drives Scipio and Hannibal? • Both seek revenge. • Scipio wanted revenge for Hannibal invading Rome and waging war. • Hannibal wanted revenge for seeing his father and Carthage lose the First Punic War.
Independent Practice • Was Rome justifiable in how they gained an empire? • Provide a minimum of three examples to support your thesis.