Tuesday Sep. 28, 2010 U.S. History / Mr. Paulson
Daily Agenda Spark #4 Advantages/Disadvantages Finish presentations Strategies of North and South First Battles – groups then individual Pass out maps for battles
Spark #4Advantages / Disadvantages North South Advantages Disadvantages • Advantages • Disadvantages --Looking at these Advantages and Disadvantages, for which side would you choose to be a soldier at the outbreak of the Civil War?? Why?? ***Use p. 158-9 as a resource!!
Advantages/Disadvantages • North • 1. 2x as much railroad-transport troops and weapons • 2. 2/3 the pop. of the country • 3. Functioning government • 4. Well balanced economy-2x as many factories and farms • 5. Army, Navy • South • 1. Well trained officers-the best military schools –better leadership • 2. Slaves for production • 3. Unifying cause- “their way of life” • 4. morale • 5. Defensive war
Lincoln Inaugural Address: • March 3, 1861 • What has already taken place?? • Secession of 7 states beginning w/ S.C. • Fort Sumter is brewing, Lincoln must decide what to do…
"I have no purpose, directly or indirectly, to interfere with the institution of slavery in the States where it exists. I believe I have no lawful right to do so...." "The power confided to me will be used to hold, occupy, and possess the property and places belonging to the Government…"
In your hands, my dissatisfied fellow-countrymen, and not in mine, is the momentous issue of civil war.... You can have no conflict without being yourselves the aggressors. You have no oath registered in heaven to destroy the Government, while I shall have the most solemn one to 'preserve, protect, and defend it.'"I am loath to close. We are not enemies, but friends. We must not be enemies..." What are Lincoln’s options??
“No more talk, war is hell…” Mr. Paulson / U.S. History / Sep. 29, 2010
Daily Agenda 1. Spark 5- 2. Strategies: North and South 3. Sullivan Ballou- “Honorable Manhood” 4. Battles Map and Jigsaw in groups
Options Resupply the fort Resupply and send troops Fight to keep the fort (offensive) Abandon the fort What do you think Lincoln did?
Spark #5 • 1. Write down the option you think Lincoln chose in terms of Ft. Sumter. • Resupply but NO troops! • 2. Why do you think many Civil War battles have at least 2 names? • i.e.- the first major land battle of the Civil War is called both “First Battle of Bull Run,” and, “First Manassas?” • Yankees one name, Rebels another-based on what “impressed them about the place” • 3. Look at the maps on p. 161 &162. In what 2 areas of the country are the first major battles of the Civil War? Why would battles take place in those areas? • West (Mississippi River), and East (Richmond/D.C.)
Lincoln’s choice April 6 1861 Lincoln sends food and supplies-but no troops- to Fort Sumter April 10 1861- Before supplies arrive Jefferson Davis orders Fort to surrender-they do not surrender-and the Civil War begins Day after Lincoln calls for troops to volunteer 3 months!! Sumter outcome?
Strategies- (p.159) North South Wash D.C. Prepare and wait Defensive war **War of Attrition Til lost will to fight Raids (guerilla warfare) **No cotton • Richmond • Blockade (Anaconda Plan) • Divide & Conquer • Miss. River & blockade • Pressured by media and pub. opinion
Who fought where? • States fighting for North: • Maine, Mass., New Hamp, Vermont, Penn., Ohio, Indiana, Illinois, Iowa, Minn., Mich., Wisc., Iowa • States fighting for South: • Texas, Virginia, Louisiana, Alabama, Georgia, Miss., Florida, S.C., N.C., Tenn., Arkan., Virginia • Border States • Missouri, Kentucky, Maryland, Delaware
Sullivan Ballou- “Honorable Manhood” • A letter written on eve of Bull Run I. Keep in mind the following… • 1. To whom is Sullivan Ballou writing? • To his wife, Sarah • 2. What does he say about the cause for which he is fighting? • About his government? • “Debt to those who fought in revolution to give freedom” • “perfectly willing to die for government” • 3. What honorable manhood does he refer to? • Seeing his sons grow up
Major Battles- First 2 years (July1861-Sep.1862) Bull Run I (Manassas Junction) Forts Henry and Donelson Shiloh Monitor v. Merrimack Bull Run II Antietam Why do many Civil War battles have 2 names??
Jigsaw on Steroids • Groups of 6 – • 6 Battles • 1 person from home group goes to each Battle Group • Learn all you can about your battle • Required content info. • Report back to your group
Set up paper like so… Info needed for each battle: 1. Major generals on both sides 2. Key strategies for each 3. # of soldiers involved (both sides) 4. Distinguishing characteristics 5. Casualty counts (if given)
Battle of Bull Run clip • 1. Where does he say the Union army is going? • 2. Who joined the soldiers on the battlefield? • What does this say about attitudes of public on war? • 3. Who has upper hand at first? What/who turns the tide? • What nickname does he receive? • 4. What “sound” was first heard that day?
Interactive maps c.w. battles • http://ngm.nationalgeographic.com/ngm/0504/feature5/zoomify/ • http://www.civilwar.com/resources/battle-map.html