Urban Sprawl in North America Where will It End?
Essential Question How does urban sprawl affect people and the planet? Urban Core Rural Fringe Urban Fringe
Key Terms • Suburb: an area of housing built at the edge of a city. • What are Denver’s suburbs? • Metropolitan Area: a major city and it’s suburbs. • 8 out of 10 North Americans live in a metro area.
Urban sprawl: the rapid and often poorly planned spread of cities and suburbs.
Stages of Urban Growth • Urban Core: Downtown • Oldest part • “walking city”
Urban Fringe: the ring of small towns and suburbs around a city. • Commuters • Leads to urban core decay.
Rural Fringe: the small towns, farms and open spaces just beyond the suburbs. • Eaten up by urban sprawl
Urban Growth Positives • Creates Needed Homes • Cheaper new houses • Economic boost • New Jobs, Purchases, and Taxes
Urban Growth Negatives • Damages the Environment • Habitat loss for plants and animals • Air pollution and traffic jams
Farmland loss • Only about a tenth of Earth’s land is suitable for farming.
Smart Growth Strategies • Infill: filling in empty or run down parts of a city with new development.
Mixed-use Development: combines housing and businesses in one area. • Encourages people to live, work, and shop in one neighborhood.
Urban Growth Boundaries: a legal border separating urban and rural land.
Assignment: Urban Sprawl in Your Area ELT: Analyze arrangements of settlements. Let’s consider urban sprawl in metro Denver, possible problems, and possible smart growth solutions.
Works Cited "A pair of coyotes roam through a housing subdivision in the south Denver suburb of Littleton, Colo.." Urban coyote attacks on rise, alarming residents. Web. 20 Sep 2010. <http://www.cleveland.com/nation/index.ssf/2009/03/urban_coyote_attacks_on_rise_a.html>. "Coyote in a Chicago Quiznos." Web. 6 Jul 2010. <http://rubinonwry.blogspot.com/2010/02/and-now-quiznos-coyote.html>. Hart, Diane. Geography Alive Regions and People. Palo Alto, CA: Teacher's Curriculum Institute, 2006. 79-91. Print. "Mixed Use Street in Quebec City." Ped Shed. Web. 18 Jul 2010. <http://pedshed.net/?p=84>. "Urban Sprawl Cartoon." Royal City Rag. Web. 26 Jun 2010. <http://royalcityrag.ca/page/2/>. "Urban Sprawl." Web. 26 Jun 2010. <http://fubini.swarthmore.edu/~ENVS2/S2008/trhodes1/Overpopulation.htm>.