URBAN SPRAWL http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=knR2SgIg7jg
CORE CONTENT • SS-HS-4.2.2Students will explain how physical (e.g., climate, mountains, rivers) and human characteristics (e.g., interstate highways, urban centers, workforce) of regions create advantages and disadvantages for human activities in a specific place. DOK 2 • SS-HS-4.3.2Students will explain how technology (e.g., computers, telecommunications) has facilitated the movement of goods, services and populations, increased economic interdependence at all levels and influenced development of centers of economic activity. DOK 2 • SS-HS-4.3.1Students will describe the movement and settlement patterns of people in various places and analyze the causes of that movement and settlement (e.g., push factors such as famines or military conflicts; pull factors such as climate or economic opportunity) and the impacts in the modern world (1500 A.D. to present) and United States (Reconstruction to present). DOK 3
GEOTERMS • Metropolitan area – a major population center of a large city and smaller suburbs around it (LA) • Rural fringe – small towns, farms Just beyond a city’s suburbs
Look at the graphic organizer on page 79 Essential Question • How does urban sprawl affect people and the planet?
Suburb – a developed area at the edge of a city that is mainly homes • Urban core – older part of a big city (downtown)
Urban fringe – the ring of small towns and suburbs that surround a big city Urban sprawl – the rapid often poorly planned spread of development from an urban area outward into rural areas.
8 out of 10 people in US and Canada live in a metropolitan area Largest –NYC In the past – people lived in the urban core – “walking city” By 1900 –begin to move to outer city limits (rail) 1920- What developed so people could move to the urban fringe? Cars – people moved to the suburbs as Well as businesses
POSITIVES New homes needed Rural land is less expensive Better place to raise a family Creates jobs to build houses New homeowners pay taxes Negatives Destroying plants and animals habitats Heavy traffic jams Pollution Rising taxes which is needed to pay for roads, schools, etc. Problems with urban growth