CHAPTER 5 From Confederation to Federal Union Section 1: The Articles of Confederation Section 2: Drafting and Ratifying the Constitution Section 3:The Constitution: A Living Document
SECTION 1 The Articles of Confederation Question: What were weaknesses of the national government under the Articles of Confederation, and what problems did these cause?
SECTION 1 • All 13 states had to consent to changes in Articles • Major legislation needed the consent of all 13 states • Inability of Congress to levy taxes • Inability of Congress to regulate foreign trade • Lack of confidence in government • Mounting national debt • Economic depression • Civil unrest LED TO The Articles of Confederation Weaknesses of National Government Under the Articles of Confederation Problems Caused by Weaknesses of Articles
SECTION 2 Drafting and Ratifying the Constitution Question: What were the constitutional compromises between the small and large states, slaveholding and free states, and northern and southern states?
SECTION 2 The Great Compromise The Three-Fifths Compromise Commerce Compromise • granted each state an equal voice in theupper houseregardless of size • accordedrepresentation in thelower house basedon population • • established that three fifths of a states slave population would count in determining its representation • • established that Congress could levy tariffs on imports, but not exports • • allowed theimportation of slaves until the end of 1807 Drafting and Ratifying the Constitution CONSTITUTIONAL COMPROMISES
SECTION 3 The Constitution: A Living Document Question: What are some potential drawbacks to the system of checks and balances?
SECTION 3 The Constitution: A Living Document Potential Drawbacks to the Checks-and-Balances System • political infighting • political stalemates • government shutdowns
CHAPTER 5 Chapter Wrap-Up • How does the organization of the federal government reflect concern about a powerful national government? • How did the government’s economic policies lead to Shay’s Rebellion? • How might framers of the Constitution have helped to ensure that more citizens had a voice in government?