Download
chapter 7 n.
Skip this Video
Loading SlideShow in 5 Seconds..
Chapter 7 PowerPoint Presentation

Chapter 7

393 Vues Download Presentation
Télécharger la présentation

Chapter 7

- - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - E N D - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - -
Presentation Transcript

  1. Chapter 7 Global Stratification

  2. Systems of Social Stratification - Slavery • Causes • Conditions • Temporary • Not Necessarily: Inheritable, Powerless, Poor • Bonded Labor in the New World • Slavery in the New World • Slavery Today © 2013 Pearson Education, Inc. All rights reserved.

  3. Systems of Social Stratification - Caste • Birth determines status, which is lifelong • India’s Religious Castes • U.S. Racial Caste System • From the moment of birth, race marked everyone for life © 2013 Pearson Education, Inc. All rights reserved.

  4. © 2013 Pearson Education, Inc. All rights reserved.

  5. Systems of Social Stratification - Class • Class System • Based on Money and Material Possessions • Relatively Fluid • Social Mobility © 2013 Pearson Education, Inc. All rights reserved.

  6. Systems of Social Stratification - Other • Global Stratification and the Status of Women • Gender is a basis for social stratification • The Global Superclass • Growing interconnections among the world’s wealthiest people produce a global superclass © 2013 Pearson Education, Inc. All rights reserved.

  7. The Distribution of the Earth’s Wealth © 2013 Pearson Education, Inc. All rights reserved.

  8. Determinants of Social Class • Karl Marx: • The Means of Production • Bourgeoisie • Proletariat • Class Consciousness • False class consciousness • Max Weber: Property, Power, & Prestige © 2013 Pearson Education, Inc. All rights reserved.

  9. Weber’s Three Components of Social Class © 2013 Pearson Education, Inc. All rights reserved.

  10. Why is Social Stratification Universal? Functionalist View • Davis and Moore’s Explanation • Society Must Make Sure Positions are Filled • Some Positions More Important than Others • Important Positions Be Filled with Those Qualified • To Motivate Qualified People, They Must Be Rewarded © 2013 Pearson Education, Inc. All rights reserved.

  11. Why is Social Stratification Universal? Functionalist View • Tumin’s Critique of Davis and Moore • How do We Know Positions Most Important? • Stratification Should = Meritocracy • It Ought to Benefit Everyone • The Conflict Perspective: Class Conflict and Scarce Resources © 2013 Pearson Education, Inc. All rights reserved.

  12. Why is Social Stratification Universal? Functionalist View • Mosca’s Argument • Marx’s Argument • Current Applications of Conflict Theory • Lenski’s Synthesis © 2013 Pearson Education, Inc. All rights reserved.

  13. © 2013 Pearson Education, Inc. All rights reserved.

  14. How Do Elites Maintain Stratification? • Soft Control Versus Force • Controlling People’s Ideas • Controlling Information • Stifling Criticism • Big Brother Technology © 2013 Pearson Education, Inc. All rights reserved.

  15. Comparative Social Stratification • Social Stratification in Great Britain • Compared with Americans, the British are very class conscious • Social Stratification in the Former Soviet Union • Moscow reestablishes its authority; Mafia ties © 2013 Pearson Education, Inc. All rights reserved.

  16. © 2013 Pearson Education, Inc. All rights reserved.

  17. Global Stratification: Three Worlds • The Most Industrialized Nations • The Industrializing Nations • The Least Industrialized Nations • Modifying the Model • Oil-rich nations of the Middle East • Kuwait is an excellent example © 2013 Pearson Education, Inc. All rights reserved.

  18. Global Stratification: Income of the World’s Nations © 2013 Pearson Education, Inc. All rights reserved.

  19. Global Stratification: Income of the World’s Nations © 2013 Pearson Education, Inc. All rights reserved.

  20. How Did World’s Nations Become Stratified? • Colonialism • World System Theory • The globalization of capitalism • Culture of Poverty • Evaluating the Theories • Most sociologists prefer colonialism and world system theory © 2013 Pearson Education, Inc. All rights reserved.

  21. Maintaining Global Stratification • Neocolonialism • Relevance Today • Multinational Corporations • Buying Political Stability • Unanticipated Consequences • Technology and Global Domination © 2013 Pearson Education, Inc. All rights reserved.

  22. Strains in the Global System • It is never easy to maintain global stratification • Stream of Unanticipated Events • Contradictions Rear Up • Cracks in Global Banking © 2013 Pearson Education, Inc. All rights reserved.