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Perception

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Perception

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  1. Perception

  2. What do you see?

  3. What do you see?

  4. What do you see?

  5. Social Perception (impressions) Process by which one infers other people’s motives and intentions from observing their behavior and deciding whether the causes of the behavior are internal or situational Helps people make sense of the world, organize their thoughts quickly and maintain sense of control over their environment Helps people predict similar events in the future

  6. How are they formed? Quick judgments based on physical appearance, facial expressions or body language Careful observation of a person’s behavior

  7. What do you see? Readiness, Aggression Defensiveness

  8. What do you see? Boredom Open, relaxed

  9. What do you see? Evaluation, thinking Doubt, disbelief

  10. What do you see? Confidence, superiority Boredom

  11. What do you see? Authoritative Negative evaluation

  12. What do you see? Indecision Insecurity, nervousness

  13. Issue Social perceptions are based on our interpretation of body language, however this is based on our culture and can cause issues when we go to other countries

  14. What do you see? In canada this means stop In iraq this means come forward In Canada we see v for victory In england this version is equal to giving the finger

  15. What do you see? In Canada we see thumbs up – good job In Australia they see up yours In Canada we see your crazy In Argentina they see you have a phone call

  16. What do you see? In Canada we see come here In Malaysia it is used for animals IN Australia it is used for ladies of the night In Canada we would wonder about their sexuality In many arab nations it is a sign of friendship

  17. Problems • Fundamental attribution error • To overestimate the role of personal factors and underestimate the influence of situations • Ex. A student shows up to 1st period late, the teacher thinks they are lazy doesn’t account for the fact that the student drives ½ hour and roads were bad

  18. Problems • First impressions • We rarely change them even if they are not supported by any evidence • Ex. You show up for your first day of work late and without the required equipment, your boss may never trust your work even if you are never late again

  19. Problems • Self-fulfilling prophecy • By believing something to be we unintentionally work to make it true • Ex. Have you ever noticed that bad things often happen to people with really negative attitudes?

  20. Negative Perceptions • Stereotype • Fixed, overly simple, often incorrect and often negative ideas about traits, attitudes and behaviors attributed to groups of people • Ex. You’re a girl so you like shopping or You’re a boy so you like cars or You’re a teenager so you drink

  21. Negative Perceptions • Prejudice • A negative evaluation of an entire group based on unfavorable ideas or stereotypes about the group • Ex. All blondes are dumb, or All Asians are smart

  22. Negative Perceptions • Discrimination • Prejudice that is translated into behavior • Ex. Refusing to hire someone who is First Nations because you believe all First Nations to be lazy.