OUR SOLAR SYSTEM Jupiter Saturn Uranus Mercury Earth Neptune Sun Mars Venus DwarfPlanets Eris Ceres Pluto By Michelle Stephens
Content • Video • Uranus • Sun • Neptune • Mercury • Dwarf Planets • Venus • Assignment • Earth • Assignment Cont. • Mars • Websites • Jupiter • Core Standard • Saturn • Works Cited
SUN Distance from the Earth: 92,955,820 miles. Length of Day: 609 hours 7 minutes Surface Temperature: 10.000 *F Can hold 109 planet earths across its surface. Gravity: 28 times Earth’s Accounts for 99.8% total mass in the solar system. Play to hear a song about the sun.
Mercury Distance from Sun: 35,983,095 miles 1st Planet Rocky Planet Inner Solar System Length of Year: 88 days Length of Day: 1,407 hours, 30 minutes No protective atmosphere around the planet. Min/Max Temp: 279*F to 801*F One of the smallest planets, yet 2nd most dense.
Venus Distance from Sun: 67,237,910 miles Length of Year: 225 days 2nd Planet Rocky Planet Inner Solar System Length of Day: 5,832 hours Atmosphere made up of sulfuric acid. Average Temperature: 864*F Rotates opposite of Earth. Pressure like you were under water ½ miles.
Earth Distance from Sun: 92,955,820 miles Length of Year: 365 days, 6 hours, 16 minutes 3rd Planet Rocky Planet Inner Solar System Length of Day: 23 hours, 56 minutes Only planet know to have life. Min/Max Temp: -126*F to 136*F Atmosphere made of 77% nitrogen & 21% oxygen. Only planet that has total solar eclipses.
Mars Distance from Sun: 141,633,260 miles Length of Year: 687 days 4th Planet Rocky Planet Inner Solar System Most liked to look at through a telescope. Length of Day: 24 hours, 37 minutes Min/Max Temp: -125*F to 23*F Used to have believed aliens to live on Mars. Storms can create clouds of dust that can hid most of the planets surface from our view.
Jupiter Distance from Sun: 483,682,810 miles Length of Year: 4,331 days 5th Planet Gas Giant Outer Solar System Length of Day: 9 hours, 56 minutes Average Temperature: -234*F Largest planet in size and mass. First of the gas planets: made up of hydrogen and helium. Largest number of moons.
Saturn Distance from Sun: 885,904,700 miles Length of Year: 10,759 days 6th Planet Gas Giant Outer Solar System 2nd largest planet. Length of Day: 10 hours, 39 minutes So light it would float in water. Average Temperature: -288*F Rings made up of countless pieces of ice and rock.
Uranus Distance from Sun:1,783,939,400 miles Length of Year: 30,687 days 7th Planet Gas Giant Outer Solar System Length of Day: 17 hours, 15 minutes Gas planet with outer layer of methane. Average Temperature: -357*F Planet is tilted on its side Winds that move at several hundred miles per hour.
Neptune Distance from Sun: 2,795,084,800 miles Length of Year: 60,190 days 8th Planet Gas Giant Outer Solar System Length of Day: 16 hours, 7 minutes Rotates at a very fast speed. Average Temperature: -353*F One moon has geysers that erupt nitrogen from deep within. Cold on the outside, hot inside. It gives off more heat that it receives from the sun.
Dwarf Planets Ceres Pluto Eris What is a Dwarf planet? Their may be as many as 42 Dwarf Planets in our Solar System. * A celestial body orbiting the sun. * Massive enough to be round from its own gravity. * Has not cleared its neighboring region. * Is not a satellite.
Student Assignment For your student assignment you will work in groups. Your group will choose somewhere in the solar system you want to visit (one planet per group). You will create a glog on that planet. You need to include on your glog page: Physical Features, Ability to support life, Flight and Recommendations.
Student Assignment cont. Physical Features: *Weather *Atmosphere *Moons *Length of days & years *Resources Ability to support life: *What is needed for survival *How you propose to compensate for conditions that are not suitable for sustaining life. *Diagram of space station or base. Flight: *A chart of your planet and earth’s orbits *Where the earth needs to be in its orbit at launch in order to make the trip successful. *Where the destination planet needs to be in its orbit upon your arrival Recommendation: *For or against the trip. Summary of why or why not.
Websites to use for Assignment • Astronomy for Kids: Info on planets. • The Planets and Dwarf Planets: Info on planets. • All about Astronomy: Graphs and charts on planets. • Views of the Solar System: Wonderful pictures and info. • National Geographic (Solar System): Interactive map and info. • NASA Jet Propulsion Laboratory: Games & Info.
Core Standards Science Benchmark The solar system consists of planets, moons, and other smaller objects including asteroids and comets that orbit the sun. Planets in the solar system differ in terms of their distance from the sun, number of moons, size, composition, and ability to sustain life. Every object exerts gravitational force on every other object depending on the mass of the objects and the distance between them. The sun's gravitational pull holds Earth and other planets in orbit. Earth's gravitational force holds the moon in orbit. The sun is one of billions of stars in the Milky Way galaxy, that is one of billions of galaxies in the universe. Scientists use a variety of tools to investigate the nature of stars, galaxies, and the universe. Historically, cultures have observed objects in the sky and understood and used them in various ways. Standard 3 Students will understand the relationship and attributes of objects in the solar system. Objective 1 Describe and compare the components of the solar system. a. Identify the planets in the solar system by name and relative location from the sun. b. Using references, compare the physical properties of the planets (e.g., size, solid or gaseous).
Works Cited / References Exploring the Solar System. Science NetLinks. http://www.sciencenetlinks.com/lessons.php?DocID=165 6/22/2011