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  1. 10-in-10 Top 10 Notes in 10 Minutes or Less American History B Unit 9, Lesson 8: Democracy Denied Textbook Volume D: Pages 61-65

  2. Note 1 • Japanese Americans and Jewish Americans were forced to relocate to “internment camps” during World War II • The Japanese internment camps were stretched along the west coast – where many Japanese Americans lived • The Jewish interment camp was in Oswego, New York • These Americans were treated like prisoners and could only bring what they could carry

  3. Note 2 • Anti-Japanese hysteria breaks out in America, especially on the West Coast • People are starting to believe that Japanese-American fishermen are sending signals to Japanese warships – although not true at all • In fact, Japanese-Americans have nothing to do with what is going on in Japan, just like German-Americans don’t have anything to do with what is going on in Nazi Germany

  4. Note 3 • The unfair treatment of Japanese-Americans forms a feeling of anguish among them • Japanese-Americans still love the United States and all of it’s opportunities, but many of them still love their Japanese heritage and any family members that may still be back in Japan • This World War was almost like a civil war for many Japanese-Americans

  5. Note 4 • Aside from these internment camps, Japanese immigrants are facing other sources and forms of racism within the United States • There was a law at the time that said all Japanese immigrants could never earn citizenship • The only way a Japanese person could earn citizenship is if they were born on United States soil

  6. Note 5 • Japanese that were born on American soil were called Nisei (NEE-say) • Two-thirds of Japanese Americans were Nisei • The word “Nisei” was the Japanese word for those born in America

  7. Note 6 • Racism for Japanese-Americans stemmed from fear and greed • Americans had a hard time trusting Japanese-Americans after the bombing of Pearl Harbor and thus, developed a fear and hatred toward them • Japanese-Americans living along the West Coast also had very expensive real estate, as many of them were wealthy business people • Once sent to internment camps, Americans sold their land to help fund the war effort

  8. Note 7 • The idea of these internment camps went against the Constitution of the United States • The 4th Amendment protects citizens against “unreasonable searches and seizures” • The 14th Amendment says that “no state should deprive any person from life, liberty, or property without due process of law” • The writ of Habeas Corpus is the right of anyone who has been arrested to be brought before a judge and to make the arresting officer show that there is a good reason for the arrest • You can not be held in jail without being accused of a crime

  9. Note 8 • Once in internment camps, Japanese Americans had to adjust to their new life inside barbed-wire compounds • Japanese-Americans planted seeds, raised farm animals, sent any surplus to the war effort, fixed up sleeping quarters, established schools, built churches, wrote newspapers, played on baseball teams, and formed their own camp governments

  10. Note 9 • Some Japanese-Americans were let out, only to accomplish tasks related to the war • Some were let out of the camps to work in war factories • Others became soldiers • A Nisei regiment fought in Europe and became one of the most decorated regiments in the war

  11. Note 10 • Eventually the camps were closed and the Japanese-Americans went out and did the best to rebuild their lives • Many still faced racism and struggled to rebuild as they had lost all of their possessions • Forty years after WWII ended, the American government came out and officially apologized to Japanese-Americans for their unfair treatment during the war

  12. Go try your lesson assessment! • If you don’t pass, read through your Volume D textbook pages 61-65 and highlight/take notes. Then take the assessment again. • Good Luck!