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Farming systems analysis Ghana and Mali PowerPoint Presentation
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Farming systems analysis Ghana and Mali

Farming systems analysis Ghana and Mali

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Farming systems analysis Ghana and Mali

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  1. Farming systems analysis Ghana and Mali Bamako, February 3rd, 2014 Wageningen University, IITA, ICRISAT, MSU

  2. Introduction • Entry points for sustainable intensification: • Farm components: crop and animal yield gaps • Farm yield gaps: configurations of components and inputs • Interactions with social-ecological and economic environment: networks, markets, resources • Integrated farming systems analysis needed: • Context-specific • On-farm testing • Embedded in communities

  3. Introduction • Relations with farmer- and community-oriented, on-farm and on-station research: • Basket of technologies: local research on crops, animals, etc. • Quantification of input-output relations • Engage in an inform stakeholder / community discussions

  4. Methodology Survey Structural typology Extrapolation Potential impact Rapid characteriz. Systems (re)design Farm innovations Functional typology Detailed description Exploration innovations Farm diagnoses Tradeoff analysis

  5. Ghana • Northern, Upper West and Upper East • Mali • Bougouni and Koutiala with ICRISAT • Malawi • Dedza and Ntcheu with MSU • Tanzania • Babati and Kongwa & Kiketo • Where?

  6. Villages in Koutiala and Bougouni districts • Three different groupings in total • Farmer types grouped on basis of: • Livestock numbers: tropical livestock units, TLU • (Active) farm family members • Farm area, and fallow area for Bougouni • Mali typology

  7. Mali typology (example Koutiala) Type 1: Large, high TLU yes TLU >21 Type 2: Large, avg. TLU yes Actives >9 no Land >5.8 Tools >2 TLU >2.2 Type 3: Medium sized yes no Type 4: Small sized farms no Falconnier 2013

  8. 3 regions (North, Upper West, Upper East) • 25 intervention communities • 80 HHs surveyed per region, grouping per region • Farmer types grouped on the basis of: • Resource endowment (land, livestock, assets) • Production orientation (subsistence, consumption, market) • Source of income (on-farm vs. off-farm) • Ghana typology

  9. Ghana typology Wealth indicators Resource endowment Production orientation Source of income Type 1 Subsistence On-farm only LRE Type 2 Arable land Livestock HH size Assets Consumption > market On-farm > off-farm MRE Type 3 Consumption = market On-farm = off-farm Type 4 HRE Consumption < market On-farm < off-farm Type 5

  10. Mali Ghana Farm area KoutialaBoug 1 Boug 2 North Upper West Upper East Livestock (TLU) KoutialaBoug 1 Boug 2 North Upper West Upper East Persons/area KoutialaBoug 1 Boug 2 North Upper West Upper East

  11. Income sources Ghana

  12. Food insecurity Ghana

  13. Example farm in model (Ghana)

  14. Exploration of system alternatives Green = reconfiguration of the original farm components Orange = after adding Maize + Soybean and Maize + Cowpea

  15. Entry points at system level

  16. Entry points at system level

  17. Sustainable development Source: www.thenaturalstep.org

  18. Continue and underpin the evaluation of entry points • Compare findings between countries, incl. Tanzania and Malawi • Strengthen relations with farmer- and community-oriented, on-farm and station research • Plans for continuation of systems analysis with two PhD students • Discussion

  19. Thank you for your attention jeroen.groot@wur.nl

  20. Sustainable development Source: www.thenaturalstep.org