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Systems Model and Farming PowerPoint Presentation
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Systems Model and Farming

Systems Model and Farming

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Systems Model and Farming

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  1. Systems Model and Farming

  2. What is the Systems Model? • Systems model is a model of looking at any system (farming, oil production, tire factory, schooling) and recognizing there are inputs,processes, and outputs.

  3. Inputs • Inputsare things that are put intothe system. • Ex: in farming there are: • human inputs are man-made (labour, equipment, fertilizer and irrigation systems) • natural inputs are produced by nature (rain, sunshine, and soil ).

  4. Inputs Given a case study of a farming operation you should be able to briefly describe(inputs). • the workers and their source. • the kinds of tools and equipment used. • the infrastructure. • the capital invested in the operation. • the types of seeds or young livestock used. • the nature of the land. • the quality of the soil. • climatic conditions.

  5. Processes • Processesare procedures that occur in the system to convert the inputs to outputs. • You can actually see ACTION either by people or machines!! In vegetable farming the processes may include: • sowing (planting), • fertilizing, • weeding, • irrigating, • harvesting.

  6. Processes • Given a case study of a farming operation you should be able to briefly examine (processes): • the division of labour; who does what? • the spatial movement of people and animals; Are the workers migratory?  Are the animals moved between grazing lands? • how thecrops are planted; crop rotation, contour plowing, is any land left fallow? • irrigation and soil maintenance practices; is there a need for watering?  how frequently do they fertilize?  What do they fertilize with? • the annual cycle of farmingactivities

  7. Outputs • Outputs refer to those things that are produced by the system. ~ Ex: in cattle farming the outputs could include beef and raw hide whereas vegetable farm outputs could include carrots, potatoes and cabbage. • Given a case study of a farming operation you should be able to briefly describe outputs: - the kinds of products that are obtained. - any waste materials.

  8. Case Study • A Mixed-Vegetable Farm In Canada • Page 145-146 • Questions 3, 4, & 5

  9. Farming Chart Inputs Natural Human Processes Outputs

  10. Climate Cabbage Soil Milk Seeds Animals Seeds? Oil & Gas Harvest Bags Lime Carrots Tending Animals Ploughing Plants Rutabagas Meat Harvesting Labor Weeding Administration Eggs Repairs Insect ControlFertilizer Sowing Seeds Potatoes #3. Using Ferguson’s Farm Case Study, Classify each as either inputs (human or natural), processes or outputs

  11. A mixed-vegetable farm in Canada • Which type of crop does Ferguson notharvest? • Carrots • Rutabagas • Pumpkin • Cabbage • Which type of crop has Ferguson not experimented with? • Strawberries • Cucumber • Cauliflower • Broccoli

  12. A mixed-vegetable farm in Canada 3. How many markets does Ferguson sell his products to? • 2 B. 3 • 4 D. 5 4. How many hectares of land does Ferguson cultivate? A. 9 ha B. 10 ha C. 7-8 ha D. 8-9 ha 5. When does the planting period begin for Ferguson’s Farm? A. March B. April C. June D. July

  13. A mixed-vegetable farm in Canada • Which type of crop does Ferguson notharvest? • Carrots • Rutabagas • Pumpkin • Cabbage • Which type of crop has Ferguson not experimented with? • Strawberries • Cucumber • Cauliflower • Broccoli

  14. A mixed-vegetable farm in Canada 3. How many markets does Ferguson sell his products to? • 2 B. 3 • 4 D. 5 4. How many hectares of land does Ferguson cultivate? A. 9 ha B. 10 ha C. 7-8 ha D. 8-9 ha 5. When does the planting period begin for Ferguson’s Farm? A. March B. April C. June D. July

  15. Systems Model for Ferguson’s Farm #3a Natural Human Potatoes Meat Carrots Eggs Rutabagas Milk Cabbage Ploughing Harvesting Weeding Administration Repairs Insect Control Sowing Seeds Tending Animals Climate Plants Soil Seeds Labor Fertilizer Lime Animals Seeds? Oil & Gas Harvest Bags

  16. A Mixed-Vegetable Farm In Canada • #3b • Components which are difficult for a farmer to control: • Climate (impossible to control!) • Quality of seeds • Quality of soil • Insect infestation • Final price of output

  17. A Mixed-Vegetable Farm In Canada Harvesting Weeding, insect cont., irrigating Planting Land preparation…spreading… Order seeds, fert, lime, equip. Maintain Equipment

  18. A Mixed-Vegetable Farm In Canada • #4b • Farming activities vary throughout the year because of the Seasons. Spring – time to prepare the soil and plant. Summer – crops are tended. Fall – Crops are harvested. Winter – time for planning and servicing equipment.

  19. A Mixed-Vegetable Farm In Canada • #5 • Gross Income – Total Expenses = Profits • $101,873.21 – $37,514.82= • TOTAL PROFITS = $64,358.39