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Mongolia. By, Fiona McMechan. Mongolia’s Geography.
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Mongolia By, Fiona McMechan
Mongolia’s Geography • The terrain is one of mountains and rolling plateaus, with a high degree of relief. Overall, the land slopes from the high Altai Mountains of the west and the north to plains and depressions in the east and the south. Hutyen Orgil (sometimes called Nayramadlin Orgil--Mount Friendship) in extreme western Mongolia, • The country has an average elevation of 1,580 meters. The landscape includes one of Asia's largest freshwater lakes (Hovsgol Nuur), many salt lakes, marshes, sand dunes, rolling grasslands, alpine forests, and permanent montane glaciers. Northern and western Mongolia are seismically active zones, with frequent earthquakes and many hot springs and extinct volcanoes. • Mongolia has three major mountain ranges. The highest is the Altai Mountains, which stretch across the western and the southwestern regions of the country on a northwest-to-southeast axis. The Hangayn Nuruu, mountains also trending northwest to southeast, occupy much of central and north-central Mongolia. These are older, lower, and more eroded mountains, with many forests and alpine pastures. The Hentiyn Nuruu, mountains near the Soviet border to the northeast of Ulaanbaatar, are lower still.
Mongolia’s Geography Cont. • Much of eastern Mongolia is occupied by a plain, and the lowest area is a southwest-to-northeast trending depression that reaches from the Gobi region in the south to the eastern frontier. The rivers drain in three directions: north to the Arctic Ocean, east to the Pacific, or south to the deserts and the depressions of Inner Asia. Rivers are most extensively developed in the north, and the country's major river system is that of the Selenge-Moron, which drains into Lake Baykal. Some minor tributaries of Siberia's Yenisey River also rise in the mountains of northwestern Mongolia. Rivers in northeastern Mongolia drain into the Pacific through the Argun and Amur (Heilong Jiang) rivers, while the few streams of southern and southwestern Mongolia do not reach the sea but run into salt lakes or deserts. • All info from: http://countrystudies.us/mongolia/33.htm
Mongolia’s people and government • Official name: Mongol Uls (Mongolia) • Form of government: unitary multiparty republic with one legislative house (State Great Hural ) • Head of state President: NambarynEnkhbayar • Head of government Prime Minister: Sükhbaataryn Batbold • Capital: Ulaanbaatar (Ulan Bator) • Official language: Khalkha Mongolian • Official religion: none • Monetary unit: tugrik (Tug) • Population estimate:(2009) 2,704,000 • Total area (sq mi)603,909 • Total area (sq km)1,564,116 • Got from: http://kids.britannica.com/comptons/atlas?geogId=132
Mongolia’s economy • Mongolia's economy is based on breeding livestock and raising crops. The processing of agricultural and livestock products comprising most of Mongolia's manufacturing. After an attempt during the Communist period to improve production and manufacturing, the government has shifted to a market system. The government is changing to one that is democratic, not socialist, and enterprises that had at one time been state-owned are now being changed to privately owned businesses.
Mongolia’s economy cont. • Household income or consumption by percentage share: lowest 10%: 2.1% highest 10%: 37% (1995)
2010 winter Olympics Mongolia • Population:2,951,786 • Area:603,909 sq. miles • Location:Asia • Capital:Ulaanbaatar • Major Cities :Darhan • Language(s):Khalkha Mongo • lWinter Olympic Debut:1964 • Athletes Competing 2 • Medals Record: • Pre Vancouver • 0- gold • 0-silver • 0-bronze • Vancouver 2010 • 0-gold • 0-silver • 0-bronze