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Religions

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Religions

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  1. Religions

  2. Atheism • Belief in no gods • Example: Buddhism

  3. Monotheism Belief in one god (Judaism, Christianity, Islam)

  4. Polytheism • Belief in many gods • (Hinduism, Ancient Greek Mythology)

  5. Adherents called:

  6. Major Concentration:

  7. Sacred text:

  8. Clergy:

  9. House of worship:

  10. Main day of worship:

  11. Type of theism:

  12. Identity of Jesus:

  13. Jesus:

  14. Salvation by:

  15. See: Story of All of Us, Episode: Empires (Birth of Christianity)

  16. Islam

  17. Islam • Second largest religion in the world • Followers are called Muslims • One god- Allah • God’s prophet: Muhammad (born in Mecca, he received a vision that he must proclaim Allah as the ONE supreme God) • Qur’an/Koran- holy book • Mosque- building of worship

  18. 5 Pillars of Islam

  19. 1. Declaration of faith (“There is no God but Allah, and Muhammad is his messenger”)

  20. 2. Pray five times a day towards Mecca

  21. 3. Give to charity (2.5% of one’s wealth)

  22. 4. Fast during Ramadan (no food or drink from sunrise to sunset during the month long holiday)

  23. 5. Hajj- Pilgrimage to Mecca (at least once in lifetime)

  24. How to Remember the 5 Pillars of Faith Poem/Song Allah is the only one to Mecca I must run It’s the way I face to pray 5 times throughout the day Two point five is what I give to help others live Don’t worry, just stay calm You’ve only gotta fast during Ramadan

  25. Religions in South Asia

  26. Hinduism • Founder- Aryans (no one founder, no formal church) • Sacred Texts- Vedas & Upanishads

  27. Hindus are polytheistic, meaning they worship many gods, each god is part of a supreme force called Brahman Please note: Pictured on the right, are just a FEW of their many gods

  28. Basic Beliefs • Dharma (do your duties) * duties and obligations * each caste has their own duties * people can improve their caste by carrying out their dharma

  29. Basic Beliefs • Karma (what goes around comes around) * every deed (mental or physical) in life impacts a person’s fate in the future

  30. Reincarnation (rebirth) * rebirth of the soul in various forms *a person can be reborn into any form * Hindus believe people must be reincarnated several times before moksha can be achieved

  31. Moksha (Hindu Heaven) * freeing of the soul to be united with brahman *moksha can’t be achieved in one lifetime *based on karma and dharma *released from cycle of reincarnation Add this additional bullet

  32. If a person has a good karma they may be reincarnated into a higher caste. This life Next life Good Karma Higher caste Born into A caste Bad Karma Lower caste

  33. Castes= social classes people are born into and cannot change • Where did this occur? India • The caste system gave each person a role in society and rules to live by. To ignore or change those rules was to disrupt the harmony of society. Caste is based on the idea that there are separate kinds of humans.

  34. There is no social mobility- the caste you are born into is the caste you stay in your entire life. It determines: • Where you live • Your job • Your friends/who you marry • How you dress

  35. Positive: sense of stability and order because everyone has a role and “knows their place” • Negative: discrimination, no choice, no incentive to improve life (especially for untouchables)

  36. Buddhism • Siddhartha 2.) Birth Date: 560 BC Birth Place: Nepal Family: son of a local ruler, he married and had a kid

  37. Buddhism 3.) One day Siddhartha went for a walk outside of the palace walls 4.) He saw an old man, sick man, dead man, and a beggar

  38. Buddhism 5.) He realized life was full of suffering

  39. Buddhism 6.) So Siddhartha left his luxurious life and set out to find the cause of human misery

  40. Buddhism 7.) One day while meditating under a tree he understood the cause of human suffering and became Enlightened From then on, he took the name Buddha or “Enlightened One”

  41. Buddhism • Four Noble Truths 8.) Suffering is Universal * everyone suffers from pain, sickness, and death

  42. Buddhism • Four Noble Truths 9.) The Cause of Suffering is Desire * people desire things such as riches and long life, nothing is permanent, pleasure causes suffering because it will end someday

  43. Buddhism • Four Noble Truths 10.) The only way to end suffering is to crush desire * if people give up desire they can achieve nirvana (the condition of wanting nothing)

  44. Buddhism • Four Noble Truths 11.) The way to end desire is to follow the Eightfold Path * Buddha set out a guide to right conduct and understand the cause of suffering