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Religions PowerPoint Presentation

Religions

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Religions

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  1. Religions

  2. Top White Margin of Page 11 SS7G8c. : Compare and contrast the prominent religions of SW Asia: Christianity, Islam, and Judaism

  3. Page 11 on the 1st line: • Religion- A faith or belief system that explains human relationships with the universe.

  4. What do these symbols mean to you? Sketch the following symbols below on page 11 (above the middle hole punch) of your ISN. Write a sentence or two about what these symbols mean to you.

  5. Judaism  Symbol: Star of David  Founder: Abraham

  6. Judaism  Name of Followers:  Jews  Number of Followers:  14 million

  7. Judaism  Origins When: c. 1300 BCE  Where: Middle East -Israel

  8. Judaism  Important Facts:  God: One God (called Adonai or Yahweh)  Beliefs: Obey God’s 613 commandments and live ethically  Focus is more on this life than the next  Holidays: Bar/ Bat Mitzvah, Passover, Yom Kippur, Rosh Hashanah

  9. Judaism  Diet: No pork or other non-kosher foods  Main Sects: Orthodox, Conservative, Reform  Israel is only country where majority  Holy City: Jerusalem

  10. Judaism  Holy Book: Tanakh • Torah (Old Testament)  Sacred Language: Hebrew

  11. Judaism  Building: Synagogue / Temple  Leader: Rabbi  Holy Day: Saturday

  12. Christianity  Symbol: Cross  Founder: Jesus Christ

  13. Christianity  Name of followers:  Christians  Number of Followers:  2 billion followers

  14. Christianity  Origin:  When:  C. 30 CE  Where:  Middle East • Israel

  15. Christianity  Important Facts:  God: One God who is a Trinity of Father, Son, and Holy Spirit  Beliefs: All have sinned and are thereby separated from God  Salvation through Jesus Christ by faith; eternal life  heaven or hell  Practices: Baptism and Communion

  16. Christianity  Holidays: Christmas, Easter  Main Sects: Catholic, Protestant, and Orthodox  Holy City: Jerusalem

  17. Christianity  Holy Book:  Bible -Old and New Testaments

  18. Christianity  Building: Church  Leader: Minister, priests, pastors  Holy Day: Sunday

  19. Islam  Symbol: Crescent and the Star  Founder: Muhammad

  20. Islam  Name of followers:  Muslims  Number of Followers:  1.3 billion

  21. Islam  Origin:  When:  c. 622 CE  Where:  Middle East - Mecca, Saudi Arabia

  22. Islam  Important Facts  God: One God (Allah)  Beliefs: Submit to the will of God, to gain access to paradise  Paradise or hell  Practices: Five pillars of faith: Declaration of Faith, pray five times a day, give to poor, Make pilgrimage to Mecca, fast during Ramadan (a month of spiritual renewal)

  23. Islam  Diet: No pork or alcohol  Holidays: Related to the pilgrimage and Ramadan  Main Sects: Sunni (90%) and Shia (10%)  Holy Cities: Mecca, Medina, Jerusalem

  24. Islam  Holy Book:  Koran (Qur’an)  Sacred Language:  Arabic

  25. Islam  Building: Mosque  Leader: Imam  Holy Day: Friday