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World religions

World religions

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World religions

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  1. World religions MRS Blount


  3. Trinitarian Monotheism – Father, Son and Holy Spirit • Bible = sacred text • Worship in a Church, chapel, cathedral, basilica, meeting hall • Human Nature - Created good but now born sinful • Afterlife - Resurrection of body and soul, purgatory (Catholic and Orthodox), and eternal heaven or hell • Founder - Jesus of Nazareth, a Jewish Carpenter CHRISTIANITY

  4. Founder – Muhammad – • First language - Arabic • Major groups are Sunni and Shiite • Religious leaders are called - sheikh; imam (Shi'ite) • Sacred Text – Quran, Koran • House of Worship – Mosque • Belief – God –Allah in Arabic, the same God revealed (imperfectly) • in the Jewish and Christian Bibles Along with Judaism and Christianity, • Islam belongs to the religious category of "ethical monotheism.“ • Allah is a God of justice, who expects righteous behavior and • submission to the divine will (the word Islam means "submission," • and a Muslim is literally "one who submits") and punishes unrighteousness. islam

  5. 5 pillars of islam

  6. Muslim doctrine is often summarized in "Six Articles of Faith." According to this list, to be a Muslim one must believe in: 1. One God;2. The angels of God;3. The books of God, especially the Qur'an;4. The prophets of God, especially Muhammad;5. The Day of Judgment (or the afterlife); and 6. The supremacy of God's will (or predestination). Human Nature - Born in a state of purity, imperfect yet capable of seeking God and doing good

  7. Belief in ONE God • Founder Abraham • Sacred Text is the Tanakh = Tora • GOOD DEEDS are set aside as very important • At age 13 boys have become a Bar Mitzvah, or "Son of the Commandments." Similarly, a girl becomes a Bat Mitzvah, "daughter of the commandment," upon turning 12. • Place of Worship is Synagogue • Leader is Rabbi • Monotheistic – one God, "Yahweh." - has yet to come. judaism The 13 Articles of the Jewish Faith proposed by Maimonides are these: God exists God is one and unique God is incorporeal God is eternal Prayer is to God only. The prophets spoke truth. Moses was the greatest of the prophets. The Written and Oral Torah were given to Moses. There will be no other Torah. God knows the thoughts and deeds of men. God will reward the good and punish the wicked. The Messiah will come. The dead will be resurrected.

  8. Sacred Text - Vedas, Upanishads, Sutras, Bhagavad Gita Spiritual Leader – Guru Worship in a temple or shrine Pantheism with polytheistic elements Human Nature - in bondage to ignorance and illusion, but able to escape Afterlife -if karma unresolved, soul is born into a new body; if karma resolved, attain moksa (liberation) The Brahman is "the eternal, conscious, irreducible, infinite, omnipresent, spiritual source of the universe of finiteness and change." Brahman is the source of all things and is in all things; it is the Self (atman) of all living beings. Hinduism – Predominately in India

  9. Spiritual Leader - Monk (lama in Tibetan Buddhism) Worship in temple or Meditation hall Sacred text - Pali Canon (Tripitaka), numerous Mahayana sutras Founder - Siddhartha Gautama The Eightfold Path, then, is given: Right view Right intention Right speech Right action Right livelihood Right effort Right mindfulness Right concentration buddhism

  10. Human nature: There is no self or soul. Human existence is nothing more than a combination of five impermanent components (khandas). Purpose of life: Theravada - Become an arhat, (one who has attained Nirvana) escape the cycle of rebirth, and attain nirvana. Mahayana - Become a boddhisatva then help others attain enlightenment. Afterlife: Rebirth or nirvana. Nirvana is seen simply as the cessation of suffering by some and as a heavenly paradise by others.(Nirvana means – no more suffering) Buddhism Cont.

  11. Buddhism - Predominately in India Six Realms of Existence: 1. Hell-beings2. Hungry ghosts 3. Animals4. Humans5. Anti-gods or demigods6. Gods The End

  12. Learning Targets I can explain how Christianity, Judaism, and Islam where founded. I can explain why Abraham is a centrical figure in the Islamic and Jewish religions. I can explain the connections between these three religions that might create the conflicts that we see between them in the world today. I can compare and contrast Hinduism and Buddhism.