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  1. WORLDRELIGIONS A Look at the Way the World Prays Richard Todd Social Studies, 7A


  3. CHRISTIANITY • The two main segments of Christianity are Catholics and Protestants.

  4. CATHOLICS • Catholics worship God - the Father, the Son, and the Holy Spirit. • The Catholic religion has been around since the time of Christ.

  5. CATHOLICS • Catholics are found primarily in Europe, North America and South America. • The Greek Orthodox Church is a similar but separate religion.

  6. CATHOLICS • Romans crucified Christ, but a few centuries later accepted Christianity as the official religion of the Roman Empire.

  7. PROTESTANTS and CATHOLICS • The big difference between Protestants and Catholics is how they INTERPRET the Bible.

  8. PROTESTANTS • Protestant religions formed when people protested the actions of the Catholic Church.

  9. PROTESTANTS • Many Protestant religions exist today, mostly in the U.S. They include Baptists, Methodists, Church of Christ, Mormons, Presbyterians, Pentecostals & Lutherans.

  10. PROTESTANTS • Like Catholics, Protestants use the Old and New Testaments as their scripture.

  11. JUDAISM • The oldest faith among the major religions of the world is Judaism, or Jewish. The Hebrews have been around for thousands of years.

  12. JUDAISM • The menorah is a symbol of the Jewish religion. So is the star of David.

  13. A Jewish church is called a synagogue. Jewish ceremonies are often performed in Yiddish, or Hebrew. A Jewish church leader is called a rabbi. Jews are broken down usually into three sects - Orthodox, Reformed and Traditional. A fourth is Reconstructionist. JUDAISM

  14. JUDAISM • The main difference between Christians and Jews is their belief regarding Jesus. Jews do not believe him to be the son of God. • Jews’ sacred literature is the Torah, comprised mainly of the Old Testament. They do not use the New Testament.

  15. ISLAM • Muslims worship the same God as Christians and Jews. They call him Allah, which is Arabic for “God”. • Muslims are located mostly in the Middle East in countries such as Egypt, Iraq, and Saudi Arabia.

  16. ISLAM • The Muslim symbol is the crescent moon with a star.

  17. ISLAM • A Muslim temple is called a mosque. A Muslim priest is called an imam.

  18. ISLAM • Like Christians, Muslims are divided. The two main groups are Shi’a, (or Shi’ites), which make up about 90 percent of Muslims. The other sect is Sunni.

  19. ISLAM • The Sunni Muslims are found mostly in Iran. Meanwhile, Iraq is Shiite Muslim. The two countries hate each other.

  20. ISLAM • Like Jews, Muslims do not believe Jesus is the Son of God. They believe him to be a great prophet, like Moses and Mohammed, the founder of Islam.

  21. HINDUISM • Hindus, on the other hand, have no problem with Jesus being the son of God. They believe in one God, but that he takes many forms.

  22. HINDUISM • Note the circle around this Hindu god. Hindus believe in reincarnation. Life, to them, is circular.

  23. HINDUISM • This is symbol for Hinduism. Most Hindus live in India. The Hindu scripture is primarily the Upanishads and Vedas.

  24. HINDUISM • Brahma is the senior God, and creator of the universe.

  25. HINDUISM • Another main form of God for Hindus is Shiva.

  26. HINDUISM • Vishnu is another form of God in the Hindu religion.

  27. HINDUISM The temple shown is representative of Hindu temples worldwide.

  28. BUDDHISM The most different of the five major religions is Buddhism. It is more a lifestyle that focuses on ending desire, thus ending suffering.

  29. BUDDHISM • Buddhists don’t really worship a god - they believe god is everywhere, and that when we end desire we are at peace with ourselves and nature.

  30. BUDDHISM • Many people believe that Buddhists worship statues of Buddha, like the one at right. Not so.

  31. BUDDHISM • Buddhist priests are called lamas or monks. The Buddhist scriptures are called the Tripatakas, or three baskets.

  32. BUDDHISM • One thing Buddhists and Hindus have in common is the belief in reincarnation. They believe you come back in a different form based on your actions in this life.

  33. BUDDHISM • Most Buddhists live in Asian countries such as China.

  34. What god does each religion believe in?

  35. What is the scripture for each religion?

  36. Synagogue Church Cathedral Mosque Temple Muslim Protestant Jewish Catholic Buddhist & Hindu Match the religion with its place of worship

  37. Priest, Bishop Monk, lama Imam Rabbi Minister, Reverend Guru Judaism Buddhism Protestant Hindu Catholic Muslim Match the term to the religion

  38. Middle East Israel, Europe, U.S. N. & S. America, Europe Asia India U.S., Australia Protestant Muslim Jewish Hindu Catholic Buddhist Match the geographic location to the religion

  39. What is the BIG difference between Christians and Jews and Muslims? HINT: J.C.

  40. How was each religion created? • Judaism Abraham • Catholicism Jesus’ teachings • Hinduism unsure • Protestant Protesting Catholicism • Buddhist Buddha • Islam Mohammed

  41. How does each religion view the afterlife? Which religions believe in reincarnation?