1 / 11

110 likes | 267 Vues

Statistical Sampling. Part I – Introduction. This video is designed to accompany pages 41-76 in Making Sense of Uncertainty Activities for Teaching Statistical Reasoning Van- Griner Publishing Company. Goal of Sampling.

Télécharger la présentation
## Statistical Sampling

**An Image/Link below is provided (as is) to download presentation**
Download Policy: Content on the Website is provided to you AS IS for your information and personal use and may not be sold / licensed / shared on other websites without getting consent from its author.
Content is provided to you AS IS for your information and personal use only.
Download presentation by click this link.
While downloading, if for some reason you are not able to download a presentation, the publisher may have deleted the file from their server.
During download, if you can't get a presentation, the file might be deleted by the publisher.

E N D

**Statistical Sampling**Part I – Introduction**This video is designed to accompany**pages 41-76 in Making Sense of Uncertainty Activities for Teaching Statistical Reasoning Van-Griner Publishing Company**Goal of Sampling**• To make inferences about a population from what we know about our sample data … • Not something we can do perfectly… • But it is something we can do scientifically.**Scientifically?**• Basically we want to be able to estimate numbers in the population that we don’t know, using numbers we do know from our sample. • And we want to be able to say something mathematically meaningful about how much confidence we have in our estimation procedure.**Data Collection**• Once the sample is determined, data may be collected a variety of ways. • Survey Monkey is a popular, free on-line survey tool. • Even if the sample is taken the right way, there is the additional issue of the integrity of the data measurements.**Common Sense First**Sampling from Biased Lists 1936 Literary Digest poll that forecast Landon would defeat FDR by 57% to 43%. The Digest used lists of telephone and automobile owners to select their sample, which targeted middle- and upper-class citizens who voted for Landon. The lower classes voted for Roosevelt.**“If you had to do it over again, would you have**children?” • Voluntary Response • Ann Landers had 10,000 responses and about 70% said “NO!” • Wise follow-up by Landers • “People who are contented are rarely motivated to write and tell me how happy they are. Anger, hostility and resentment are often the fuel that moves people to action.” • Hints at an understanding of the bias in voluntary response “surveys.”**So How Bad Was the Bias?**Follow-up Newsday commissioned a nationwide poll of 1373 parents and used “statistical sampling.” Found that 91% would have children again!**Push Polls**• Intentional Bias • 2000 Republican Primaries • Bush camp asked voters in South Carolina: • "Would you be more likely or less likely to vote for John McCain for president if you knew he had fathered an illegitimate black child?" • Push Polls “push” respondents in a certain direction. • Inferences with push poll data are nonsense.**Briefly Said**Biased samples tend to systematically favor certain outcomes. With biased samples you can’t say anything meaningful about how good your estimates are. The science of statistics is about what you can say when you take samples the right way.**One-Sentence Reflection**Avoiding biased samples is just good common sense, whereas making meaningful statements from proper samples is the business of statistical science.

More Related