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Review of the Shoulder Complex

Review of the Shoulder Complex

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Review of the Shoulder Complex

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  1. Review of the Shoulder Complex

  2. List the planes in which each of the following shoulder girdle movements occur. a. Adduction Transverse plane b. Abduction Transverse plane c. Rotation upward Frontal plane d. Rotation downward Frontal plane e. Elevation Frontal plane f. Depression Frontal plane

  3. List the planes in which each of the following humerus movements occur. Horizontal adduction Transverse plane Horizontal abduction Transverse plane External rotation Transverse plane Internal rotation Transverse plane Abduction Frontal plane Adduction Frontal plane Flexion Sagittal plane Extension Sagittal plane

  4. Sample Questions • What the the correct and specific name of the shoulder joint? • Glenohumeral joint • What muscle works closely with the anterior deltoid? • Pectoralis major • What action does the pectoralis minor and serratus anterior have in common? • Abduction of the scapula • Name the four rotator cuff muscles. • Subscapularis, Supraspinatus, Infraspinatus, and Teres minor. • Name a muscle that has as its actions both elevation and depression of the scapula? • Trapezius

  5. Review • List the muscles that do flexion of the shoulder • Coracobrachialis • Pectoralis major (upper to 60°) • Anterior Deltoid • List the muscles that do extension of the shoulder • Latissimus dorsi • Teres major • Posterior deltoid • Pectoralis major (lower fibers to neutral)

  6. Review • List the muscles that do internal rotation of the shoulder • Subscapularis • Latissimus dorsi • Teres major • Anterior deltoid • Pect. major • List the muscles that do external rotation of the shoulder • Infraspinatus • Teres minor • Posterior deltoid

  7. 1. Acromion process • 2. Coracoid process • 3. Glenoid fossa or cavity • 4. Superior angle • 5. Inferior angle 4. 1. 2. 3. 5.

  8. 1 = Head 2 = Lesser tub. 9 = Intertubercular groove 10 Greater tub. 1 = Head 3 = Lesser tub. 5 = Deltoid tuberosity

  9. 1. Acromion process • 2. Coracoid process • 3. Glenoid fossa or cavity • 4. Inferior angle • 5. Superior angle • 6. Medial (Vertebral) border • 7. Lateral (Auxiliary) border • 8. Supscapular fossa 1. 2. 5. 3. 8. 6. 7. 4.

  10. Head, Lesser tubercle, Greater tubercle, Intertubercular groove, & Deltoid tuberosity

  11. Acromion process • Spine • Superior angle • Inferior angle • Medial (Vertebral) border • Lateral (Auxiliary) border • Supraspinous fossa • Infraspinous fossa 3. 1. 7. 2. 8. 5. 6. 4.

  12. 1. Infraspinatus fossa 2. Spine 3. Coracoid process 4. Acromion process 5. Coracoid process 6. Glenoid fossa 7. Acromion process

  13. Coracobrachialis Pect. Major Subscapularis Deltoid

  14. Levator Scapulae Rhomboids

  15. Supraspinatus Teres Major Infraspinatus Teres Minor

  16. Deltoid Pectoralis Major (Deeper muscle) Pectoralis Minor

  17. Trapezius Rhomboids Latissimus Dorsi

  18. Name the muscle, its sections and the action(s) at each of its sections. TRAPEZIUS Lower – depression, adduction and upward rotation Upper – elevation Middle –elevation, adduction and upward rotation

  19. PECTORALIS MINOR. Abduction, Downward rotation & Depression of the scapula

  20. RHOMBOID. Downward rotation, Adduction, and Elevation of the scapula

  21. Name the muscle. Coracobrachialis Name the actions Adduction, flexion and horizontal adduction of the humerus

  22. Name the muscle. Subscapularis Name the actions Internal rotation, Adduction, & Extension of the shoulder

  23. Name the muscle. Deltoid Name the actions Anterior: Abduction, Flexion, Horizontal adduction, and Internal rotation of the humerus Middle: Abduction Posterior: Abduction, Extension, Horizontal abduction, and External rotation of the humerus

  24. Name the muscle. Infraspinatus Name the actions External rotation, horizontal adduction, & extension

  25. Name the actions Name the muscle. Extension, Adduction & Internal rotation of humerus Teres Major

  26. Name the muscle. Teres Minor Name the actions External rotation, Horizontal abduction, & Extension of the humerus

  27. Name the muscle. Supraspinatus Name the actions Abduction of the shoulder

  28. Pairing of shoulder girdle & shoulder joint movements

  29. Horizontal adduction of the humerus & Adduction of the scapula

  30. Abduction of the humerus & Upward rotation of the scapula

  31. Adduction of the humerus & Downward rotation of the scapula

  32. Flexion of the humerus & Elevation/upward rotation of the scapula

  33. Scapula action = ? Humerus action = ? Adduction Horizontal abduction

  34. Scapula action = ? Humerus action = ? Downward Rotation Adduction

  35. Bent Over Rows Adduction of scapula & Horizontal abduction of humerus Middle and lower trapezius, and rhomboid. Latissimus dorsi, Teres minor, Infraspinatus, & Posterior deltoid

  36. Body Dips Downward rotation and depression of the scapula & Extension of the humerus. Pectoralis minor, rhomboid, and lower trapezius Latissimus dorsi, Teres major, Teres minor, Infraspinatus, & Posterior deltoid

  37. Lateral Raises Upward rotation of the scapula & Abduction of the humerus Serratus anterior, middle and lower trapezius Deltoid, Supraspinatus & Pectoralis Major (upper fibers beyond 90°)

  38. Dumbbell Shrugs Elevation Rhomboid, levator scapulae, upper and middle trapezius