Survival Guide By: Madison Yates
How to Use a Hatchet to make a fire In most extreme cases you could be put in a situation where you will have to survive with no or little recourses. Here is a few ways to survive with just a hatchet. With the hatchet you will have to use the wood and the sparks from the blade for a fire, you’re going to have to kill animals to eat and find any water you can.
Gut Cherries • You can eat black berries and blue berries, but red berries can be poisonous. • Some berries you can eat are black berries, dewberries, wild strawberries, and blueberries.
Beavers • The beaver is mainly large. • Beavers are known for building dams, canals, and lodges as their homes. • The North American beaver’s population used to be more than 60 million, but as of 1988 only 6-12 million are left.
Bears • The American black bear is medium sized. • It can be found in many different colors such as black, chocolate brown, cinnamon brown, and a pale blue.
Porcupines 1. A porcupine is the largest rodent in Canada next to the beaver. 2. It is a medium sized animal with long, pointed spines that grow on its back and sides and from its head and tail. 3. The porcupine is a vegetarian.
How to find fresh water Find a muddy river or stream, and dig a hole a few feet away from the bank, and wait for the water to puddle up inside the hole. If you are at the ocean, dig a hole near the shore, and try drinking the very first water that appears inside the hole. To purify any water, boil it for 15 minutes, or use iodine crystals
How to build a shelter • Know that there is nearly always a way to build a shelter in the wilderness, and that it is not very hard to do. • If it is night, don't move from where you are. It is very easy to lose yourself in the dark, and being separated from the area you do know can be even more frightening. • Begin gathering a lot of woods for the outside of your shelter. Try to make it water-proof and wind proof incase of a tornado or a flood. • Don't wander too far from your shelter and wait for rescuers to reach you. Save your energy by keeping in one place.
Tornadoes • Tornadoes are natures most violent storms. • Oklahoma City has had over 100 tornadoes. • A tornado in Oklahoma on May 3, 1999 was the most destructive tornado in history causing over $1 billion in damage.
Moose 1. “Moos” is an Algonquin word that means “twig-eater” 2. A moose can dive up to 20 feet under water. 3. A moose can run up to 35 miles an hour. 4. A moose can swim up to 6 miles an hour. 5. A bull moose looses his antlers every year.
Wolf • The wolf has 42 teeth. • The wolf has rounded ears. • The wolf has a broad heavy muzzle. • The wolf is the largest in the wild canine family.
Turtle • Turtles have been on the earth for more than 200 million years. • he earliest turtles had teeth and could not retract their heads, but other than this, modern turtles are very similar to their original ancestors.