Organic agriculture Bulgarian team
Land use Over 25.6 hectares of the territory of Bulgaria, or about 3% of arable lands are used for organic agriculture.
56 plant growing farms • 5 livestock farms • 4 farms for seeds and nurseries
Financial support from Europe • 900 euro for 1 hectare per year • For 5 years
The history • 1993: The first organic pilot farm was established on the farm at the Agrarian University of Plovdiv; • 2000–2004: The national organic legislation was founded; • 2005–2008: Organic products became available in Bulgarian shops;
2009-2010 • Organic farmers began receiving payments from the government; • The association of organic farmers was established; • The association of traders of organic food was set up;
The organic agriculture doesn’t use pesticides and chemicals because they are harmful for the environment.
Advantages Improved soil structure and fruitfulness; Reduction by around 50% of the energy consumption; Reduced by around 4 times soil erosion; • Production of healthy high quality foods; • Groundwater is protected from pollution by nitrates, pesticides and others; • Increased is biodiversity;
Disadvantages • Reduced yields especially during the first years of transition • Production cost price is higher than the selling price • Still completely undeveloped market for organic production .