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OSHA/Air Transport Section’s Ergonomic Alliance for Baggage Handling

OSHA/Air Transport Section’s Ergonomic Alliance for Baggage Handling. National Safety Congress Wednesday, September 10, 2003 10:00 a.m. OSHA/Airline Industry Alliance. History -OSHA Alliance Program -Forming the Airline Industry Alliance Lee Anne Jillings

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OSHA/Air Transport Section’s Ergonomic Alliance for Baggage Handling

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  1. OSHA/Air Transport Section’s Ergonomic Alliance for Baggage Handling National Safety Congress Wednesday, September 10, 2003 10:00 a.m.

  2. OSHA/Airline Industry Alliance • History-OSHA Alliance Program -Forming the Airline Industry Alliance • Lee Anne Jillings Occupational Safety and Health Administration

  3. OSHA’s StrategicManagement Plan, 2003-2008 By 2008, reduce fatality rates 15% and injury/illness rates 20% through: • Goal 1 – Reduce occupational hazards through direct intervention • Goal 2 – Promote safety and health culture through compliance assistance, cooperative programs, and strong leadership • Goal 3 – Strengthen agency capabilities and infrastructure

  4. Goal 2: Compliance Assistance, Cooperative Programs & Leadership Promote a safety and health culture through compliance assistance, cooperative programs and strong leadership. Strategy 2-1: Improve OSHA’s ability to capture opportunities where compliance assistance, leadership, outreach, and cooperative programs will maximize impact. Strategy 2-2: Promote a safety and health culture through America’s worksites. Strategy 2-3: Improve the effectiveness of OSHA’s approaches for promoting safety and health.

  5. OSHA’s Alliance Program Broadly Written Agreements Established at OSHA’s National, Regional, Area Offices or by State Plan States • Goals focus on: • Training and Education • Outreach and Communication • Promoting the National Dialogue • Customized Implementation Teams • Two-years, Renewable • Quarterly Update Meetings or Conference Calls

  6. Benefits of an Alliance • Build a cooperative and trusting relationship with OSHA • Network with other organizations committed to workplace safety and health • Leverage resources to maximize worker protection

  7. National Alliances Signed • The Dow Chemical Alliance Company • American Biological Safety Association • Society of the Plastics Industry • The Printing Industry Recent/Upcoming • International Safety Equipment Association • National Safety Council • Network of Employers for Traffic Safety • Work Zone Coalition for Safety and Health

  8. Airline Industry Alliance Members • Continental Airlines • Delta Air Lines • Jetblue Airways • Midwest Express Airlines • Southwest Airlines • United Airlines • US Airways • NSC International Air Transport Section • Air Canada • Airtran Airways • Alaska Airlines • American Airlines • American Trans Air • America West Airlines

  9. Airline Industry Alliance Vision Year 1 • Define strategy and best practices • Educate and communicate process with interested parties • Share successes with others -NSC Congress -VPP Seminar

  10. Airline Industry Alliance Vision Year 2 • Reaffirm membership • Review past year and identify specific projects and goals for upcoming year • Communicate with and educate interested parties • Expand awareness of the Alliance world-wide

  11. Alliance Action Items Training and Education • Develop a baggage handling training manual for employees Outreach and Communication • Review and provide input on way to improve OSHA’s e-tool • Develop Safety and Health Topics Page for the Airlines Industry • Hold a one-day seminar on OSHA’s VPP process -June 4, 2003, Delta Airlines, Atlanta, Georgia • Sponsor a workshop on the Alliance Program -National Safety Council Congress, September 10, 2002, Chicago, IL -Review the Alliance’s first year for OSHA’s National Office Promote the National Dialogue on Workplace Safety & Health • Educate interested parties on the ergonomics of baggage handling

  12. Alliance Timeline – Year 1 • December 18, 2002 - Kick-off Meeting • OSHA, Washington, DC • January 27 & 28, 2003 - Workshop • OSHA Salt Lake Technical Center, Salt Lake City, UT • April 28 & 29, 2003 - Workshop • OSHA Salt Lake Technical Center, Salt Lake City, UT • June 4, 2003 - VPP Presentation • Delta Airlines, Atlanta, Georgia • September 10, 2003 - NSC Presentation/Panel Discussion • National Safety Council Congress, Chicago, IL • October 2003 - Group Performance Appraisal

  13. OSHA/Airline Industry Alliance • VPP Seminar • Jim Swartz Delta Air Lines

  14. OSHA Programs What is an OSHA Alliance? Program created by OSHA to enable organizations committed to safety and health to collaborate with OSHA to prevent injuries. Partnerships Alliance VPP

  15. Who? 16 Airlines and Labor Groups 4 Airline Servicing Companies 3 Government Agencies 4 Other Private Industries 3 National Associations UAL, IAMAW Alliance Members COMAIR, Skywest, Northwest, ASA LSG SkyChefs, ARAMARK, ITS Aviation, GAT Airline Ground Support Corporate Performance Solutions, Marsh, Tropicanna, Georgetown University VPPPA, NATA, NSC Federal OSHA, State OSHA, TSA VPP Workshop

  16. VPP Workshop • When and When? • Delta Air Lines “Star” Status Maintenance Facility • June 4, 2003

  17. VPP Workshop • Why VPP? • What is VPP? • National VPP/Alliance Overview • How VPP? • Application/Evaluation Process Overview • Delta VPP Team Process Overview • Mentoring Process Overview • Benefits of VPP • VPPPA

  18. VPP Workshop • Why? • Relate VPP to Aviation Industry • Share Employee Driven Process • Establish Network for Outreach

  19. OSHA/Airline Industry Alliance • The Experience • Holly Geiger Zimmerman Alaska Airlines

  20. Industry Apprehension Some airlines may have feared: • Alliance will result in more frequent inspections; • Federal & State OSHA inspectors would use Alliance information and work products inconsistently in the enforcement actions; or • One size does not fit all: each airline sees their business characteristics as unique

  21. Traditional OSHA-Industry Perceptions • Industry personnel may have perceived OSHA as: -non-collaborative -rule focused, not solution-oriented • During inspections/investigations, boundaries maintained, information flow is restricted • Inspections may only scratch the surface: -visual observations -written program review • OSHA personnel not always familiar with industry-specific challenges that influence compliance capabilities

  22. Planned Approach • To ensure individual airline Planeside Loading support and continued participation, the Alliance parameters were set: • Specific goals • One-year timeline for completion of work products

  23. Airline Participation • All signatories on the Alliance sent representation to the meetings; • Meetings were conducted efficiently and at convenient times/locations; • Open sharing of best practices between airlines to familiarize OSHA with existing efforts; • Participants were open-minded to recommendations; • Resulted in immediate changes to and development of resources

  24. OSHA Participation • OSHA representatives dedicated many hours to Alliance implementation; • OSHA representatives were considerate of inherent industry challenges; • OSHA actively participated at all meetings including hosting airline members at SLC Technical Training Center and planning and presenting at the VPP Seminar; • Recommendations for changes were realistic (economically/technologically feasible) and received well by airline representatives

  25. OSHA/Airline Industry Alliance • eTool • Ashley West Delta Air Lines

  26. eTool Updates • Terminology updated to fit the Airline Industry -Original eTool was more based on the manufacturing environment -Terminology was mutually agreed upon by Alliance members • eTool format follows the process flow of airport -Now divided into three sections (Check-In, Make-Up Room, Ramp) instead of four (Check-in, Bag Cart, Loading Conveyor, Bag Compartment) -Dimensions of aircraft bins and equipment are now included

  27. eTool Updates • Within the process flow, hazards are listed by level of automation and type of equipment utilized -Original eTool listed hazards inconsistently from the front-line employees’ perspective -Hazards are now listed by type of handling device (manual, semi-automated, automated), type of conveyor system (flat plate carousel, sloped carousel, double pier belts), and type of cart/container

  28. eTool Updates • Possible solutions are now listed according to feasibility of implementation -Original eTool possible solutions required consideration of limitations placed on airlines by: • TSA • Airport authorities • FAA • Equipment (ground support and aircraft type) • Operation -Possible solutions (administrative, work practice and engineering) are now listed based on operational and economical feasibility

  29. Progress • Ramp Section published July 2003 • Ticket Counter and Make-Up Room Sections to be published September 2003 • eTool will be reviewed and updated annually per OSHA process and Alliance objective

  30. Benefits for Airlines • Better understanding of the different processes within each company • Better understanding of OSHA’s approach • Documented solutions to support and validate projects within each company • Sharing of ergonomics best practices among airlines

  31. OSHA/Airline Industry Alliance • Baggage Handling Training Manual • Penny Prince American Airlines

  32. Areas of Concern • Injuries associated with baggage handling are the most prevalent injury for the aviation industry • Use of engineering controls is limited at this time due to technical and economic feasibility • The aviation industry does not have consistent training for best methods in baggage handling

  33. Purpose • Cost effective and consistent training materials • Training that is most applicable to essential job functions • Training that is in the most usable format

  34. Areas of Focus • The largest # of injuries and employees -baggage handling on the ramp • The type of injury with greatest concern -musculoskeletal disorders (MSDs) • Top priority for all participating airlines -planeside loading and unloading

  35. Training Content • Injury Prevention • Contributing Risk Factors for MSDs • Safe Work Practices • Principles of Body Mechanics • Stretches and Exercise • The Baggage Handling Process • Proper Body Mechanics (task specific)

  36. Functions to be Analyzed • Skycap • Ticket Counter • Gate Check-in • Baggage Make-up (T-point) • Planeside Loading and Unloading • Aircraft Cargo Compartments • Baggage Claim

  37. Extended Reaching(unloading cart without shelf) • Brace oneself with an arm or leg • Slide load or pull load close to body before lifting • Stay in control of the load

  38. Twisting while Lifting(unloading cart with shelf) • Angle cart to reduce degree of turn • Keep load directly in front of body • Step into the turn when turning body

  39. One-handed Lifting(loading cart with shelf) • Use two-handed lift whenever possible • Keep load at waist height • Avoid lifting bags by handles

  40. OSHA/Airline Industry Alliance • Future of the Alliance • Barry Brown Southwest Airlines

  41. Continue Work on Current Initiatives • eTool • continuous review & update • add job functions • Baggage Handling Training Manual • further development of function specific training • expand to include other aviation-related operations • Interested Parties Process

  42. Initiatives Being Consideredfor 2004 • Airport Facilities Communication • Public/Customer Education • NATA/International Outreach • OSHA Alliance Website Enhancement

  43. Acknowledgements • John Andrus Southwest • Bob Curtis OSHA • Kristi Dearing OSHA • Brently Donaldson OSHA • Greg George OSHA • Ann Giles AirTran • Travis Hannan OSHA • Dee Hinckley JetBlue • Lee Anne Jillings OSHA • Cindy Keiser Continental • Richard Lindsay American Airlines • Ray McCleary US Airways • Kim McDaniel Southwest • Richard Petriatis United • Penny Prince American Airlines • Tim Racicot Continental • Lisa Ramber OSHA • Christopher San Giovanni JetBlue • Hillary Schneider United • Kevin Summerlin Continental • Jim Swartz Delta Air Lines • Debra Vujasin US Airways • Terri Weiland Midwest Express • Ashley West Delta Air Lines • Bill Wright OSHA • Holly Zimmerman Alaska Airlines

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