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Earth Boot Camp

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Earth Boot Camp

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  1. Earth Boot Camp 3.7B: Investigate rapid changes in Earth’s surface such as volcanic eruptions, earthquakes and landslides.

  2. Release Questions2006—#21 (65%) 1. In which of these ways can volcanoes help build up new land?A By adding heat to Earth’s surfaceB By adding gases to the atmosphereC By adding lava to Earth’s surfaceD By adding water vapor to the atmosphere

  3. Release Questions2006—#21 (65%) 1. In which of these ways can volcanoes help build up new land?A By adding heat to Earth’s surfaceB By adding gases to the atmosphereC By adding lava to Earth’s surfaceD By adding water vapor to the atmosphere

  4. 2006—#30 (75%) 2. The picture shows a kind of glacier that can be many meters thick. In this landscape, which of the following is most directly affected by this kind of glacier?F The average height of plants on the mountainsideG The shape of clouds that form above the glacierH The average mass of trees near the lakeJ The shape of the valley between the mountains

  5. 2006—#30 (75%) 2. The picture shows a kind of glacier that can be many meters thick. In this landscape, which of the following is most directly affected by this kind of glacier?F The average height of plants on the mountainsideG The shape of clouds that form above the glacierH The average mass of trees near the lakeJ The shape of the valley between the mountains

  6. 2009—#31 (86%) 3. Which of the following features is best modeled in the diagram above?A IslandB GlacierC RiverD Volcano

  7. 2009—#31 (86%) 3. Which of the following features is best modeled in the diagram above?A IslandB GlacierC RiverD Volcano

  8. 4. An earthquake is –A crust through which lava escapesBa sudden movement in the Earth’s crustC a kind of chemical weathering that changes the EarthD a huge wave that washes over the Earth

  9. 4. An earthquake is –A crust through which lava escapes (volcano)Ba sudden movement in the Earth’s crustC a kind of chemical weathering that changes the EarthD a huge wave that washes over the Earth (tsunami)

  10. A B C D 5. The picture to the right illustrates a cross-section of the layers of rock found underneath the topsoil of the earth. Which of the following MOST LIKELY caused Layer C to slant?A A volcanoB An earthquakeC A floodD Subsidence

  11. A B C D 5. The picture to the right illustrates a cross-section of the layers of rock found underneath the topsoil of the earth. Which of the following MOST LIKELY caused Layer C to slant?A A volcanoB An earthquakeC A floodD Subsidence

  12. 6. Which of the following is NOT true about glaciers?AMost of Earth’s water is in the form of glaciers.B Melting glaciers supply water for many people.C Glacial movements can leave behind valleys.D Glaciers pick up boulders and sediment as they move.

  13. 6. Which of the following isNOTtrue about glaciers?AMost of Earth’s water is in the form of glaciers.B Melting glaciers supply water for many people.C Glacial movements can leave behind valleys.D Glaciers pick up boulders and sediment as they move.

  14. 7. What is the scientific name for a mass of snow and ice in motion?A Earthquake B GlacierC LandslideD Outwash

  15. 7. What is the scientific name for a mass of snow and ice in motion?A Earthquake B GlacierC LandslideD Outwash

  16. 8. The Earth’s surface is not one solid piece of rock and soil, but is made up of large pieces called plates. These plates fit together like pieces of a puzzle and are constantly moving. Why can’t we feel the movement of these Earth plates?AThe plates move very quickly.B The plates move very slowly.C The plates are too small to feel.D The plates are under the ground.

  17. 8. The Earth’s surface is not one solid piece of rock and soil, but is made up of large pieces called plates. These plates fit together like pieces of a puzzle and are constantly moving. Why can’t we feel the movement of these Earth plates?AThe plates move very quickly.B The plates move very slowly.C The plates are too small to feel.D The plates are under the ground.

  18. 9. Earthquakes can change the Earth’s surface in all of these ways EXCEPT—A creating new mountainsB depositing sand in deltasC forming large cracks in rockD by causing the Earth to shake

  19. 9. Earthquakescan change the Earth’s surface in all of these ways EXCEPT—A creating new mountainsB depositing sand in deltasC forming large cracks in rockD by causing the Earth to shake

  20. 10.The most common cause of earthquakes is –A a giant tidal wave called a tsunamiB the sinking of large mountainsC a movement in the Earth’s crustD large hurricanes striking land

  21. 10.The most common cause of earthquakes is –A a giant tidal wave called a tsunamiB the sinking of large mountainsC a movement in the Earth’s crustD large hurricanes striking land

  22. 11. The grinding action of glaciers causes—A the creation of new landformsB the level of water in oceans to riseC volcanoes to pop up in cold placesD lakes to fill with icy cold water

  23. 11. The grinding action of glaciers causes—A the creation of new landformsB the level of water in oceans to riseC volcanoes to pop up in cold placesD lakes to fill with icy cold water

  24. 12. Some scientists have compared the action of glaciers on the Earth’s surface to using a nail file on fingernails. How is a glacier like a nail file?A They are both made of metal.B They both collect sand and soil.C They both scratch and grind other materials.D They both press down on various surfaces.

  25. 12. Some scientists have compared the action of glaciers on the Earth’s surface to using a nail file on fingernails. How is a glacier like a nail file?A They are both made of metal.B They both collect sand and soil.C They both scratch and grind other materials.D They both press down on various surfaces.

  26. 13. What is one way that a glacier can change the Earth’s surface?AGlaciers help create new landforms.B Glaciers cause water to freeze into new landforms.C The movement of glaciers causes volcanoes to erupt.D Glaciers melt and cause ocean tides to become higher.

  27. 13. What is one way that a glacier can change the Earth’s surface?AGlaciers help create new landforms.B Glaciers cause water to freeze into new landforms.C The movement of glaciers causes volcanoes to erupt.D Glaciers melt and cause ocean tides to become higher.

  28. 14. In what way are an earthquake and a glacier similar? A They are both renewable natural resources.B They both change the surface of the Earth.C They both move very quickly.D They both move very slowly.

  29. 14. In what way are an earthquake and a glacier similar? A They are both renewable natural resources.B They both change the surface of the Earth.C They both move very quickly.D They both move very slowly.

  30. 15. Glaciers form high in mountain valleys and in Polar regions where the snow falls but never melts. How do glaciers change the Earth’s surface?A By melting and then flooding the valleys and PolesB By grinding against valley walls to make them deeper and widerC By causing earthquakes and the formation of volcanoesD Pieces of ice break off and form icebergs in the ocean waters

  31. 15. Glaciers form high in mountain valleys and in Polar regions where the snow falls but never melts. How do glaciers change the Earth’s surface?A By melting and then flooding the valleys and PolesB By grinding against valley walls to make them deeper and widerC By causing earthquakes and the formation of volcanoesD Pieces of ice break off and form icebergs in the ocean waters

  32. 16. Water in the form of ice is responsible for which form of weathering listed below?AA glacier creating a valleyB Rivers depositing sediments C Earthquakes creating mountainsD Wind carving formations in rock

  33. 16. Water in the form of ice is responsible for which form of weathering listed below?AA glacier creating a valleyB Rivers depositing sediments C Earthquakes creating mountainsD Wind carving formations in rock

  34. 17. Which of the following is NOT true about glaciers?A Most of the water on Earth is found in glaciers.B Glaciers form in very cold areas.C Glacial movements can create valleys. D Glaciers pick up and deposit sediments as they move.

  35. 17. Which of the following is NOT true about glaciers?A Most of the water on Earth is found in glaciers.B Glaciers form in very cold areas.C Glacial movements can create valleys. D Glaciers pick up and deposit sediments as they move.

  36. 18. Look at the picture below. It shows high mountains. The layers are made of sedimentary rock. Before the mountains were formed, the sedimentary rocks were in flat layers. Use the picture below to answer question How were the mountains pictured above formed?AThe rock layers were compressed (squeezed) together.B The rock layers were pulled apart by an earthquake.C The rock layers were pushed up by a volcano.D The rock layers went in opposite direction.

  37. 18. Look at the picture below. It shows high mountains. The layers are made of sedimentary rock. Before the mountains were formed, the sedimentary rocks were in flat layers. Use the picture below to answer question How were the mountains pictured above formed?AThe rock layers were compressed (squeezed) together.B The rock layers were pulled apart by an earthquake.C The rock layers were pushed up by a volcano.D The rock layers went in opposite direction.

  38. 19. Mountains occur mostly where—A there is a lot of water erosionB glaciers move boulders into pilesC sinkholes cause surrounding land to collapseD layers of rock collide causing land to fold or rise

  39. 19. Mountainsoccur mostly where—A there is a lot of water erosionB glaciers move boulders into pilesC sinkholes cause surrounding land to collapseD layers of rock collide causing land to fold or rise

  40. 20. A glacier moving down a mountain valley is pictured below. Glaciers are frozen, slow-moving rivers of ice that can move about three feet per day down mountain valleys. How does a glacier help create new soil? A By carrying living plant material to the ocean B By scraping small particles off large rocks C By melting rocks along its path down the valley D By freezing small particles of soil to form large rocks

  41. 20. A glacier moving down a mountain valley is pictured below. Glaciers are frozen, slow-moving rivers of ice that can move about three feet per day down mountain valleys. How does a glacier help create new soil? A By carrying living plant material to the ocean B By scraping small particles off large rocks C By melting rocks along its path down the valley D By freezing small particles of soil to form large rocks

  42. 21. The road shown below was suddenly broken by a natural event.Which natural event MOST LIKELY caused the crack in the road?A WindB An earthquakeC Lava flowing from a volcanoD An avalanche down a mountain

  43. 21. The road shown below was suddenly broken by a natural event.Which natural event MOST LIKELY caused the crack in the road?A WindB An earthquakeC Lava flowing from a volcanoD An avalanche down a mountain

  44. 22. The shale layers in the drawing were broken and separated by movement along the fault. What also MOST LIKELY occurred as these rock layers moved along the fault?A Formation of deep cavesB Erosion of lower layersC Volcanic eruptionD Earthquake

  45. 22. The shale layers in the drawing were broken and separated by movement along the fault. What also MOST LIKELY occurred as these rock layers moved along the fault?A Formation of deep cavesB Erosion of lower layersC Volcanic eruptionD Earthquake

  46. 23. The plates in the Earth’s surface sometimes slip against each other causing the land to shake over a large area. This shaking can change the land and cause damage to buildings and other structures. This type of movement of the Earth’s plates also causes—A an earthquakeB avolcanic eruptionC erosionD a landslide

  47. 23. The plates in the Earth’s surface sometimes slip against each other causing the land to shake over a large area. This shaking can change the land and cause damage to buildings and other structures. This type of movement of the Earth’s plates also causes—A an earthquakeB avolcanic eruptionC erosionD a landslide

  48. 24. Which of the following would probably change the surface of the Earth in the shortest amount of time?AA massive hurricaneB A volcanic eruptionC Waves on a beachD A large tornado

  49. 24. Which of the following would probably change the surface of the Earth in the shortestamount of time?AA massive hurricaneBA volcanic eruptionC Waves on a beachD A large tornado

  50. 25. Sometimes heat and pressure build up in the Earth’s mantle, pushing hot magma up through a crack or a vent in the surface of the land. The rising magma can explode through the crack and create a/an—A VolcanoB EarthquakeC GlacierD Valley