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The Boston Matrix. Tom Lu. To Know Boston Matrix. The Boston Matrix. To understand the Boston Matrix, you need to understand how market share and market growth interrelate. Market Share and Market Growth . Market share

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## The Boston Matrix

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**The Boston Matrix**Tom Lu**To Know Boston Matrix**The Boston Matrix To understand the Boston Matrix, you need to understand how market share and market growth interrelate.**Market Share and Market Growth**Market share Market share is the percentage of the total market that is being serviced by your company, measured either in revenue terms or unit volume terms. The higher your market share, the higher the proportion of the market you control. Market growth Market growth is used as a measure of a market's attractiveness. Markets experiencing high growth are ones The Boston Matrix where the total market is expanding, meaning that it’s relatively easy for businesses to grow their profits, even if their market share remains stable.**Function of**Boston Matrix The Boston Matrix The Boston Matrix is a well known tool for the marketing manager. It was developed by the large US consulting group and is an approach to product portfolio planning. It has two controlling aspect namely relative market share and market growth.**General Summary of Boston Matrix**The Boston Matrix The BCG matrix was introduced in the late 1960’s, the concepts underlying this matrix are those of the experience curve and the product life cycle. The matrix is made up of four quadrants and the circle size lends a third dimension – turnover. Cash cows are cash generators and require an invest or hold strategy while maximizing cash flow. Stars are potential cash cows and require adequate funding to establish a dominant position before the market growth rate slows down and they become cash cows. Question marks do not have market share on their side. They are found in growing markets and require funding if they are to become stars. If not withdrawal is possible. Dogs are neither cash generators nor in many instances cash drains. They can be left alone or removed from the portfolio. The aim is to achieve a balanced portfolio, sustaining or holding the Cash Cows, investing in the Stars and some select Question Marks and divesting or holding Dogs. If necessary, Questions marks could also be divested if they do not have a chance of becoming a Star.**The Boston Matrix**The Boston Matrix The matrix is made up of four quadrants and the circle size lends a third dimension – turnover.**Details of the sections**Cash cows Stars - Stars are high growth businesses or products competing in markets where they are relatively strong compared with the competition. - Often they need heavy investment to sustain their growth. - Eventually their growth will slow and, assuming they maintain their relative market share, will become cash cows. • - Cash cows are low-growth businesses or products with a relatively high market share. • - These are mature, successful businesses with relatively little need for investment. • - They need to be managed for continued profit - so that they continue to generate the strong cash flows that the company needs for its Stars. The Boston Matrix**Details of the sections**Question marks Dogs - Unsurprisingly, the term "dogs" refers to businesses or products that have low relative share in unattractive, low-growth markets. - Dogs may generate enough cash to break-even, but they are rarely, if ever, worth investing in. - Question marks are businesses or products with low market share but which operate in higher growth markets. - This suggests that they have potential, but may require substantial investment in order to grow market share at the expense of more powerful competitors. The Boston Matrix**The Boston Matrix for KFC**The Boston Matrix Continuously generate cash cows and use the cash throw-up by the cash cows to invest in the question marks that are not self-sustaining Stars need a lot of reinvestments and as the market matures, stars will degenerate into cash cows and the process will be repeated. As for dogs, segment the markets and nurse the dogs to health or manage for cash Three Paths to Failure Over invest in cash cows and under invest in question marks Trade further opportunities for present cash flow Under invest in the stars Allow competitors to gain share in a high growth market Over milked the cash cows SBU profits Strategy Type SBU Required Investment Net Cash Flow -or+ High High STAR Hold/Increase Cash Cow High High+ Hold Low High-or+ Question Mark Increase/Divest 0 or - Very High or Disinvest DOG Harvest or Divest Low or- Disinvest +**Advantage/Disadvantage of The Boston Matrix**The Boston Matrix - Biggest advantage of the Boston Matrix is take very complex scenarios and allow for a rapid and easy assessment. - Biggest disadvantage of the Boston Matrix is it over simplifies a complex decision so the Boston Matrix should only be used for planning.

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