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The Future Tense

The Future Tense

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The Future Tense

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  1. The Future Tense You need to use the Future Tense to help you achieve a Grade C and above. There are 2 future tenses in Spanish, as there are in English… I will…(do something) I am going to …(do something) Read through this Powerpoint, write notes into your exercise book and complete all of the exercises.

  2. The Near Future The near future allows you to talk about the future using the structure “ir + infinitive”. It is the English equivalent of “I am going to…” These are the parts of ‘ir’ = to go…. PersonThepart of ‘Ir’ IVoy You (singular)Vas He/she/it Va+the infinitive (a whole verb) WeVamos(eg. comer = to eat) You (plural) Vais TheyVan EXAMPLES…. 1. Voy a jugaral fútbol = I am going to playfootball 2. Va a jugaral fútbol = he / she is going to play football 3. Vamos a estudiarel arte = we are going to study art 4. Van a estudiarel arte = they are going to studyart

  3. ¡A practicar! Translate the sentences into Spanish using the FUTURE tense • 1. I’m going to write a letter_________________________________________ • 2. He is going to play football ________________________________________ • 3. We are going to listen to music ____________________________________ • 4. Are you (sing.) going to watch television? ____________________________ • 5. They are going to eat paella. _______________________________________ • 6. I am going to go to university _______________________________________ • 7. She is going to study Spanish _______________________________________ • 8. It is going to be fun _______________________________________________ • 9. We are going to travel by plane _____________________________________ • 10. I am going to eat more vegetables __________________________________

  4. ¡A practicar! Translate the sentences into English • 1. Voy a hablar con mi profesor_________________________________________ • 2. Va a comprar un cochenuevo________________________________________ • 3. Vamos a celebrartucumpleaños______________________________________ • 4. ¿Qué vas a hacerdespués de tusexamenes?____________________________ • 5. Van a mandarmensajes ____________________________________________ • 6. Voy a escribirunacarta_____________________________________________ • 7. Ella va a trabajar en un teatro________________________________________ • 8. Voy a leer un libro en francés ________________________________________ • 9. Vamos a beberunabotella de agua____________________________________ • 10. Va a serunaexperienciamaravillosa__________________________________

  5. Simple Future The simple future allows you to talk about what you will do in the future. This is an easy tense to remember as the same endings get added to all the infinitives. PersonWhole verb ending in -ar-er-ir I whole verb + -é You (singular) whole verb + -ás He/she/it whole verb + -á We whole verb + -emos You (plural) whole verb + -éis They whole verb + -an Estudiar = the whole verb (to study) then add the appropriate ending EXAMPLES…. 1. Estudiaréel chino = I will study Chinese 2. Viajaráportodo el mundo = He / she will travel around the world 3. Trabajaremoscon niños = We will work with children 4. Veránunapelícula en español = they will watch a Spanish film

  6. ¡A practicar! Translate the sentences into Spanish using the FUTURE tense So, look up the verb ‘to talk’ and add the appropriate ending for ‘her’ • 1. I will talk to my sister. _____________________________________________ • 2. He will study Spanish. _____________________________________________ • 3. We will go to Mexico. _____________________________________________ • 4. Will you (sing.) live in England? _____________________________________ • 5. They will drink wine.______________________________________________ • 6. I will probably stay at Arnold. _______________________________________ • 7. I think I will look for a job as a nurse. _________________________________ • 8. I will live in Blackpool forever._______________________________________ • 9. Anis and Bliss will get married (casarse) in ten years. _________________________________________________________________ • 10.Fiona will perhaps live in Spain. (quizás = perhaps) _________________________________________________________________

  7. ¡A practicar! Translate the sentences into English TO HELP: Work backwards! Look at the ending to identify the person, then remove the ending to find the verb • 1. Iré a Franciaparalasvacaciones_____________________________________ • 2. Vivirá con suabuela ______________________________________________ • 3. Cantaránunacanción de JLS________________________________________ • 4. Beberemos mucho _______________________________________________ • 5. Compraréunosregalosparamis amigos_______________________________ • 6. ¿Visitarás al museo Prado en Madrid?_________________________________ • 7. Buscarétrabajocomoperiodista_____________________________________ • 8. Me levantaré a las 5.30 – qué horror_______________________________________ • 9. En dos añosterminarémisAlevels_________________________________________ • 10.En el futurodescancaránmás___________________________________________

  8. There are, however, some irregular verbs: Write them down in your book .

  9. TRANSLATE: this is a mixtures of the two future tenses! El FuturoInmediato El FuturoSimple • I will play • You (s) will live • We will read • They will make • You (pl) will be • He will have • I will listen • We will write • They will study • You will travel • I am going to play • You (s) are going to live • We are going to read • They are going to make • You (pl) are going to be • He is going to have • I am going to listen • We are going to write • They are going to study • You (s) are going to travel