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THE FUTURE TENSE PowerPoint Presentation
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THE FUTURE TENSE

THE FUTURE TENSE

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THE FUTURE TENSE

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  1. THE FUTURE TENSE

  2. THERE ARE TWO WAYS TO EXPRESS THE FUTURE IN FRENCH 1. USING THE VERB “ALLER” (TO GO) 2. USING THE “REAL” FUTURE TENSE (TRANSLATES AS “WILL”)

  3. USING "ALLER" STEP 1 – TAKE THE PART OF “ALLER” YOU NEED. STEP 2 – COMBINE IT WITH AN INFINITIVE. LET’S SEE HOW

  4. 1 "ALLER" - TO GO JE VAIS = I AM GOING TU VAS = YOU ARE GOING IL/ELLE VA = HE/SHE IS GOING NOUS ALLONS = WE ARE GOING VOUS ALLEZ = YOU ARE GOING ILS/ELLES VONT = THEY ARE GOING

  5. 2 COMBINE WITH AN INFINITIVE BUT WHAT IS AN INFINITIVE? IT IS THE WAY A VERB IS WRITTEN BEFORE WE DO ANYTHING WITH IT. THIS IS HOW YOU WILL SEE IT IN A DICTIONARY. MANGER = TO EAT FINIR = TO FINISH VENDRE = TO SELL

  6. SO "ALLER" + INFINITIVE MANGER JE VAIS = I AM GOING TO EAT IT’S AS EASY AS THAT!!!!! LET’S JUST SEE ANOTHER EXAMPLE

  7. "ALLER" + INFINITIVE IL VA FINIR =HE IS GOING TO FINISH ONE MORE……

  8. "ALLER" + INFINITIVE NOUS ALLONS TRAVAILLER = WE ARE GOING TO WORK OK LET’S LOOK AT THE REAL FUTURE TENSE NOW………………

  9. THE "REAL" FUTURETENSE WE NEED 2 THINGS 1. AN INFINITIVE 2. ENDINGS

  10. ENDINGS THESE ARE THE ENDINGS WE NEED. YOU MIGHT HAVE SEEN THEM SOMEWHERE BEFORE? NOUS - ONS JE - AI TU - AS VOUS - EZ IL/ELLE - A ILS/ELLES - ONT RECOGNISE THEM?

  11. AVOIR - TO HAVE NOUS AVONS J’AI TU AS VOUS AVEZ ILS ONT IL A SO IF YOU KNOW “AVOIR” IN THE PRESENT TENSE, YOU KNOW THE ENDINGS FOR THE FUTURE TENSE.

  12. NEXT, ADD THE ENDING TO AN INFINITIVE………… JE - AI NOUS - ONS TU - AS VOUS - EZ IL/ELLE - A ILS/ELLES ONT NOUS VOUS ILS TU IL ONT EZ ONS A JE MANGER AS AI = YOU WILL EAT = HE WILL EAT = WE WILL EAT = THEY WILL EAT = I WILL EAT = YOU WILL EAT

  13. A POINT TO REMEMBER WHEN USING AN INFINITIVE THAT ENDS IN “-RE” REMOVE THE “E” BEFORE YOU ADD THE ENDING FOR EXAMPLE VENDR E AI JE = I WILL SELL

  14. PRETTY SIMPLE WASN’T IT? HOWEVER, NOT ALL VERBS IN THE FUTURE TENSE USE THE INFINITIVE. SOME USE A DIFFERENT “STEM” FOR THE FUTURE. THEY NEED TO BE LEARNT. HERE ARE SOME IMPORTANT ONES YOU NEED TO KNOW…

  15. INFINITIVE FUTURE STEM AUR- AVOIR SER- ÊTRE IR- ALLER POURR- POUVOIR VIENDR- VENIR FER- FAIRE SAUR- SAVOIR

  16. FOR EXAMPLE… JE - AI NOUS - ONS TU - AS VOUS - EZ IL/ELLE - A ILS/ELLES ONT ÊTRE AUR- SER- AVOIR TO FIND OUT IF A VERB IS “REGULAR” OR “IRREGULAR”, CHECK THE “VERB TABLE” IN A DICTIONARY. IF IT IS “IRREGULAR, IT WILL SHOW YOU THE “STEM” THAT NEEDS TO BE USED FOR THE FUTURE TENSE. JE IL AUR SER AI A = HE WILL HAVE = I WILL BE

  17. AND THAT’S HOW THE FUTURE TENSE WORKS IN FRENCH.