The Assignment –Due May 27 • Four to six 8x10, (no extra credit) (spot corrected images, contrasted, dodged and burned) and contact sheet due at the beginning of class. • A series is a group of photos about one subject. • Each photo in the series should be strong enough to stand alone. • Together, however, the four shots should add information about the subject.
More specifically • A SERIES of photographs is defined as a group of images that relate together around one topic. • While each photo must be able to stand alone, they must also be related in some fashion. There must be a reason why they are all together. These are NOT random shots. • Each additional photo adds context and meaning to the others in the series. They give the viewer more information about the subject than a single photograph. • Is there a story? That makes it more interesting.
Ideas for a Series Landmarks Out houses Piers Poverty Signs Transportation Water/reflections in water/water drops • Bridges • Cemetery • Dilapidated houses/buildings • Doors/windows • Fire hydrants • Antique stores • Graffiti • lighthouses
Approach 1 • Shoot one subject. Pick a subject that has a lot of visual aspects. Photograph it using these types of shots: • Context shot: Give the most information. It includes the subject and the environment surrounding the subject. • Relationship shot: Starts to cut in and focus on the subject more closely. Begins to eliminate the surrounding to focus on one or two aspects. • Detail shot: Shows specific qualities about the subject.
Establishment shot • The CONTEXT or ESTABLISHMENT shot gives the most information. • See the next slide. • In a movie or tv show it’s the shot after a commercial or change of scene that tells you something very general about the upcoming scene. Answers the question “Where are we?” • Wide shot of Manhattan, NY • Shot of the outside of a hospital
Context shot • The next shot could also be a context or establishment shot. The viewer is aware of the environment, the climate, weather, etc. • In a movie or TV show… • The ice rink at Rockefeller Center or Times Square or The Statue of Liberty • The waiting room of the hospital or outside an operating room
Add to the information • The next is lessgeneral, giving us more information about the subject. • In a movie or TV show… • We’re inside or outside Studio A, at NBC studios where they shoot the Today Show. • We’re at the operating table as the surgeons and nurses work on a patient.
More information, more detail • The next is the inside of that building, much more specific. • There is a relationship between the print of the building and the print of the inside of the building.
The payoff shot • We move in to prints that are specific. Closer and with more detail. • In a movie or TV show… • We have a close up of Matt Lauer or Al Roker or a camera operator or the directors booth. • We have a close up of the surgeon with his hands on the patients heart or reaching inside the patient searching for a leaking artery.
Approach 2 • Shoot many versions of the same subject.. • Locate numerous types of the same subject and photograph them in interesting ways. • Example: mailboxes. Find many different types of interesting mailboxes and photography them. • Bicycles; automobiles, etc. • By placing photo’s along side each other we see the differences.
Hilla & Bernd Becher • Photographed many subjects like the water towers. • The Becher’s used a uniform lighting style to draw more attention to their subject. Tight framing also cuts down a potentially distracting background. Shallow dept of field can help to focus the viewer’s attention on your subject.
Photographers with Series • Look these up on the web • Henry Hornstein – animals • Elliot Erwitt-dogs; children • Jim Goldberg-ignored people • Sebastiao Salgado-The Amazon • Irving Penn-small trades • Cindy Sherman • Immogen Cunningham • Eadweard Muybridge-sequential series: horse • Duane Michals-The Bogeyman see youtube.
Imogen Cunningham 1883-1976 • 1932 Co-founder of the f/64 group along with Ansel Adams • Portrait photographer • One of few famous/important female photographers of her time.
Elliot Erwitt 1928- • Studied photography in Los Angeles 1950 • Black & White candid shots • “The decisive moment” • 2002 received Centenary Medal and Honorary Fellowship from the Royal Photographic Society
Henry Hornstein 1947- • Authored over 30 books including photographic textbooks. • His work was exhibited by the Smithsonian's National Museum of American History in 2006. • The Library of Congress • Many others