Many different ways to project the spherical Earth onto a flat sheet of paper…
Cylindrical Mercator Projection This projection stretches out the areas near the poles to make the lines of longitude parallel to each other from equator to poles - this makes Greenland appear much larger than it really is. The map has to be cut somewhere in order to lay flat – in this case right through Eurasia!
Circa 1539 – Scandanavia:a populated area yet sea monsters are drawn in the North Sea
Circa 1580drawn by Ortelius – part of what is considered the 1st modern atlas