Great Britain 1800s Ireland
Ch 8 section 2Social and Economic Reform in Britain Vocabulary • Free Trade • Trade between countries without tariffs or other restrictions • Tariff • Tax on imported goods
Vocabulary cont. • Repeal • To cancel or remove (a law) • Abolition • To put an end to something • Abolition movement (to put an end to slavery) • Capital Offense • Crimes punishable by death • Penal colony • Settlements for criminals (prison)
Ch 8 section 2Reforms in Britain • Free Trade • better prices • for consumers • Abolition Movement • Against slavery • 1st to abolish • slave trade • Crime and Punishment • 200 Capital offenses • Changed to 4 • Murder • Piracy • Treason • Arson • Working Conditions • Law against hiring • Children under 10. • Law against working • more than 10 hours • a day. • Minimum wage law • next • New Political Party • Labour Party • Female Suffrage • Women’s right to • vote • 1918, women over 30 • gained the right to vote • Ireland • Irish hate the British • Wanted freedom • from Britain • Irish were allowed • to vote and hold • Political office
Reforms in Britain • Unions • Legal, but not • allowed to strike • Public Education • Became Free • Benefits • Health insurance • Retirement plans • New cities • Previous • Not allowed to • speak their own • language • Forced to pay • English Church • Taxes • Problem • Irish were • Catholic, not • Protestant • Church taxes became • illegal.
HOMEWORK • How to access homework • http://teachers.yourhomework.com/RODRIGUEZ833/ • Map of Great Britain and Ireland • Five questions from Ch 8 Section 3 • Write out questions and highlight answers • Answers must be complete sentences.
Great Britain and Ireland Scotland Atlantic Ocean North Sea Northern Ireland Irish Sea Ireland England Wales • London English Channel
Great Britain and Ireland Scotland Atlantic Ocean North Sea Northern Ireland Irish Sea Ireland England Wales • London English Channel France
Homework Questions • How did abolition and criminal justice reform reflect Victorian values? • Abolition and criminal justice reform both reflected Victorian values through their sense of morality. • Describe several social reforms during the 1800s and early 1900s. • Public health improved the lives of people seeking medical attention. Improved housing helped working class from living in the horrible conditions of the tenements. Free public education helped all children learn how to read and write. • Why do you think women disagreed about how best to gain suffrage? • Women disagreed about how to best gain suffrage, because of their large numbers. The more people involved, the more opinions there are, which will make agreement very difficult.
Homework • Why did Irish Nationalists oppose British rule? • Irish Nationalists opposed British rule because the British had taken possession of the best farmland in Ireland, which eventually caused the “Great Hunger.” British law also forced Irish Catholics to pay Protestant Church taxes and prohibited the teaching of the Irish language. • Explain how the Irish Potato Famine caused millions of deaths and emigration? • The Irish Potato Famine caused millions of deaths and emigration, because the Potato was Ireland’s main staple (food). Without the Potato, the Irish began to die from starvation, and those who did not die, emigrated to other countries such as, the United States, Canada, and Australia.
Monopoly Quiz • Do the following companies have a monopoly? Why or why not? • Ford Motor Company • Shell (gas station) • Gas Company (natural gas) • Verizon (internet service provider) • Sony DVD Players • Starbucks • Blockbuster video • Snickers • Goodyear Tires • Sharpie markers
CST of the Day Wednesday, November 15, 2006 • The English philosopher John Locke argued that life, liberty, and property are • Political rights • Natural rights • Social rights guaranteed by the king • Economic rights gained through capitalism
The Irish Potato Famine • 1845, disease destroyed the potato crop in Ireland • The Potato was a major food source for the Irish • Caused hunger, death and migration • One million died of hunger • Over 4 million emigrated • What is the difference between an emigrant and an immigrant?
Ch 8 section 3Expansion of the US • Expansionism • Policy of extending the nation’s boundaries. • Manifest Destiny • The American belief that God wanted them to control the land between the Atlantic and Pacific Ocean. • Cede • To surrender possession of land. (usually by treaty) • Secede • To withdraw from
United States 1783
video Territorial Expansion • 1803, Louisiana Purchase • $15 million • France Manifest Destiny Drive Americans to conquer more land
United States after agreement with Britain, 1846 Mexican American War
United States after Mexican-American War1848 Treaty of Guadalupe Hidalgo After the war
Expanding Democracy • 1800s in the United States • Only white men who owned property could vote • Changed in 1830: • all white men could vote • Two major problems still existed • Slavery • Women could not vote • disenfranchised
American Civil War1861-1865 • What caused the American Civil War? • State’s rights • Individual states wanted to keep their rights • Slavery • Southern States, Texas, Alabama, Mississippi, Virginia, etc. • Southern States decided to secede from the US • Who is the war between? • North vs. South • United States of America vs. Confederate States of America • Abraham Lincoln Jefferson Davis NORTH VS
After the Civil War • Slavery is abolished • Some African Americans gain power in government • vote • Then segregation begins • Legal separation of people by their race. • Schools, restaurants, hospitals, restrooms, buses, trains, etc.
US after purchasing Alaska From Russia 1867
Expansion of US 1783-1867 1846, Oregon Territory Louisiana Purchase 1803 From France Alaska Purchased From Russia 1867 Mexican Session Treaty of Guadalupe Hidalgo 1848 US, 1783 Texas Annexation 1845 Florida cession 1819 From Spain 1848, Mexico
Homework • Map of US Expansion • Use textbook, page 278 • Go to website and print out blank map of the United States. • http://teachers.yourhomework.com/RODRIGUEZ833/
CST of the Day Monday, November 20, 2006 • Based on the map, from which country did Napoleon begin his invasion of Russia? • Grand Duchy of Warsaw • Prussia • France • Sweden
CST of the Day Monday, November 20, 2006 • Based on the map, from which country did Napoleon begin his invasion of Russia? • Grand Duchy of Warsaw • Prussia • Confederation of the Rhine • Sweden
Russian Reform and Reaction • By 1815, Russia was the largest, the most populous, and a great world power. • Russia was a colossus/giant. • Russian society was made up of nobles, middle class and serfs • What is a serf? • A slave to the land, not to the person. • What is tsar? • Russian emperors who rule with absolute power
Who emancipated the serfs? • Alexander II • Define emancipation; • To free someone from the control of another. • What was one main problem with freeing the serfs? • Too poor to buy any land and they can’t support their families • Name one positive of freeing the serfs? • Many of them moved to cities for factory jobs, which caused improvements in industry and reform.
Name one reform that was introduced by the tsar • trial by jury, eased censorship, reduced military service, stopped some brutal discipline. • What caused Alexander III to revive the secret police, restore censorship, and exile enemies to Serbia? • They Assassinated his father Alexander the II • What is Russification? • Forcing people to be Russian • Language, religion, customs, traditions.
What are pogroms? • Violent mob attacks on Jewish people because they are different, which caused them to become refugees. • What is a refugee? • Person who flees their homeland to seek safety in another person.
Ch. 7 section 5Russia Reform and Reaction Vocabulary • Colossus • Giant • Emancipation • Freeing someone from the control of another. • Pogrom • Violent mob attacks on Jewish people • Refugee • People who flee their homeland to seek safety elsewhere.
Russian, 1800s • Conditions in Russia • Largest country • Most populated • One of the most powerful • Ruler of Russia • Tsar (Emperor) • Absolute power • Social Structure • Nobles • Middleclass • Serfs • Majority of Russians
Reason for freeing the serfs • Russia’s economy was behind in industry • Few miles of railroads • Few inventions • In 1861 , Alexander II emancipated the serfs • Problem with freeing the serfs • Too poor to buy land • Unable to support their families • Positives of freeing the serfs • Many moved to cities and found jobs in factories • Created more businesses
1881, Alexander II was assassinated • Alexander III responded by reviving harsh conditions • Increased the power of the secret police • Restored censorship • Enemies were exiled • Launched Russification • Forced everyone to be Russian • Language, Religion, traditions, etc. • Jews, Muslims, Armenians, Poles, Finns, etc
Alexander III encouraged attacks on the Jews • Pogroms • Jews were beat and killed • Homes and businesses were burned • Escaped by leaving Russia • Became Refugees • Many ended up in the US.
Bloody Sunday • In 1905, Russia went to war with Japan • Japan won • Caused Russians to protest against their govt. • Marchers in St. Petersburg were shot by soldiers • Caused the people to lose faith in the tsar. • Revolution of 1905 • Workers took over local govts. • Peasants took land • The tsar agreed to allow a legislature • Only did this to stop the revolution
Tsar then removed the legislature • Arrests, pogroms, and executions were begun. • In the end nothing really changed for the majority of the people in Russia